IDA grants have provided financing for critical service delivery and preservation of human capital and national institutional capacities. IDA has targeted the poor and most vulnerable Yemeni households and communities nationwide, helping them cope with the impacts of the crisis through income support, cash transfers, health and nutrition interventions, cholera response, and restoration of agriculture production.
To respond to the risk of famine, the World Bank partnered with UNICEF and private agents to implement a US$200 million Emergency Cash transfer program financed by IDA’s Crisis Response Window (CRW). As part of this project, cash transfers have been provided in all of the country’s 333 districts. The program has so far reached 1.45 million poor and vulnerable households (9 million individuals). The coverage is based on three quarters of cash transfers nationwide, with the fourth payment cycle under implementation. Women comprise around 45% of the direct recipients. Post-distribution monitoring found that 9 in 10 beneficiaries used cash transfers to purchase food.
To support livelihood opportunities, and in partnership with UNDP and local partners like the Social Fund for Development (SFD) and Public Works Program (PWP), the World Bank’s US$300 million cash-for-work and community-based investment programs is currently under implementation. The project has reached over 300,000 direct beneficiaries of wage employment, 2.5 million people received access to community services (water, roads, irrigation, etc.), and 6.8 million work days have been created. Over 290,000 mothers and children received nutrition services. 9 microfinance institutions were supported and over 3,000 micro enterprises revived.
The Emergency Health and Nutrition Project, has provided essential health and nutrition services to more than 14.6 million people in all districts of all governorates across the country. Nearly 60,000 pregnant and lactating women and their children are receiving cash transfers and nutrition services. In partnership with UNICEF and WHO, 72 Health facilities have been provided with equipment and supplies. Nearly 15 million people (half of which are children under the age of five) have received health, nutrition and population services. Over 130 non-functional health facilities have been supported and are now functional. 1.68 million and 1.97 million people have gained access to safe water and sanitation, respectively, and about a million people in high risk districts have been vaccinated with oral Cholera Vaccine. The IDA intervention has supported 3,550 health facilities providing lifesaving health and nutrition services. Nearly 12,000 health personnel have been trained. 3.6 million women and children received nutrition services and 6.9 million children have been immunized (of which about 5 million are under the age of five).
The World Bank has partnered with UNOPS and local institutions to restore critical services in conflict-affected cities through the Integrated Urban Services Delivery Project. As of this date, 52,000 beneficiaries have had access to restored services. The project will eventually support 1.4 million Yemenis, create 1.5 million days of employment, 400 km of roads, and generate an estimated 60,000 MWh of energy.
In order to power vital basic services, the Emergency Electricity Access Project will finance off-grid solar systems in Yemen and improve access to electricity for public institutions and poor households in rural and outlying urban areas. While UNOPS is the implementing partner, it will rely significantly on the commercial solar market, which has grown despite the conflict, providing further support to the local economy and creating jobs.
Last Updated: Apr 01, 2019