IDA grants have provided financing for critical service delivery as well as for preserving human capital and the capacity of national institutions. IDA assistance has targeted the poorest and most vulnerable Yemeni households and communities. It is helping them cope with the impact of the crisis through income support, cash transfers, health and nutrition interventions, cholera response and restoring agricultural production.
The Emergency Crisis Response Project (ECRP), the World Bank's US$848.58 million project that supported livelihood opportunities in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and local institutions, namely the Social Fund for Development (SFD) and the Public Works Project (PWP), supported a cash‑for‑work and community‑based investment program. The project closed on March 31, 2022, and achieved remarkable results over its seven-year implementation period. The project reached over 443,008 direct beneficiaries with wage employment. 5.4 million people received access to community services (such as water, irrigation, and better roads), and 12.23 million workdays were created. Over 678,723 mothers and children received nutrition services. Five microfinance institutions and over 5,101 microfinance clients were supported.
Responding to the risk of famine, the US$472.14 million emergency cash transfer component of the ECRP, implemented by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) successfully completed ten cycles of emergency cash transfer payments to poor and vulnerable households across Yemen's 333 districts. The Emergency Cash Transfer program was financed partially through the Bank's Crisis Response Window, with co‑financing from the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office and the United States Department of State, through the Yemen Emergency Multi‑Donor Trust Fund. Post‑distribution monitoring found that, on average, 91% of beneficiaries used cash transfers to purchase food. Women comprised about 45% of the direct recipients.
The ESPECRP, a US$840 million IDA Grant-supported project similar to the ECRP that it replaced, supports the provision of cash transfers, temporary employment, and increased access to basic services and economic opportunities to food insecure populations affected by COVID-19, the conflict and climate-related shocks. It as well strengthens the capacity of national institutions. The project is also being implemented by UNDP and UNICEF in partnership with the SFD and PWP. To date, and since becoming effective in December 2021, the project has reached 1,856 direct beneficiaries with wage employment. 3,666 million people have received access to community services (such as water, irrigation, and better roads), 484 mothers and children have received nutrition services, and 2904 people benefitted indirectly from nutrition services. The project has also supported 265 micro, small and medium enterprises, and provided 155,200 people with improved access to sanitation services to reduce water-borne diseases.
Under the ESPECRP’s Unconditional Cash Transfer component, the project has carried out three payment cycles (PCs 10, 11 and 12) in all 333 districts across Yemen reaching an average of 1.43 million poor and vulnerable households.
To provide essential health and nutrition services, the Emergency Human Capital Project (EHCP), in partnership with UNICEF, WHO and UNOPS, supports 2,200 health facilities across all 22 governorates. It brings quality primary health and nutrition services to the hardest-to-reach communities through a network of more than 15,000 community health workers and volunteers. The project has expanded access to antenatal care services for 590,000 pregnant women, mental health and psychosocial support for 180,000 people, and immunization to 1.3 million children. The project has also expanded access to water and sanitation services. More than 530,000 beneficiaries now have restored access to rehabilitated water supply services, while 390,000 beneficiaries with restored access to rehabilitated sanitation services.
The World Bank has partnered with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP), Save the Children, and local institutions to implement the Restoring Education and Learning (REAL) project (co-financed by US$100 million IDA and US$53 million Global Partnership for Education funding). The project finances a package of evidence-based interventions delivered to 1200 schools and over 550,000 students at basic education level in the most vulnerable districts. The interventions will be implemented over three school years and support teacher payments and teacher training, including payment of 2300 Rural Female Teachers to promote girls’ education; school feeding; school infrastructure improvements, including rehabilitation of WASH facilities; the distribution of learning materials and school supplies; alternative learning models and national capacity building.
The World Bank is supporting provision of regional and global public goods through the Yemen Desert Locust Response Project. This project’s focus is on control and response to the desert locust outbreak, and on supporting livelihoods in locust-affected areas, and strengthening Yemen’s preparedness for future locust infestations. The project is implemented in partnership with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Social Fund for Development (SFD). The project has regional and global significance because it helps control and monitor the movement of desert locust – a transboundary pest that destroys agricultural productivity and affects livelihoods. The project monitored and surveyed 819,360 hectares by visiting 7325 sites, which considerably exceeded the original project target of 400,000 hectares, generating valuable information about locust breeding areas and movements not only in Yemen and the Arabian Peninsula, but also in the entire Middle East and North Africa Region. The project supported desert locust surveillance and monitoring covering winter and summer breeding areas in 11 governorates. In addition to surveillance and monitoring of desert locust, the project supported affected communities by providing livelihood assistance. Around 21,020 vulnerable farmers in four governorates (Abyan, Aljawf, Hajja and Shabwa) were provided with emergency support. The project supported farmers whose production was destroyed by locust infestation. The project provided access to the basic needs and tools to sustain production activities, such as quality inputs, water for irrigation, operational infrastructure, feed, livestock and beekeeping kits, seeds and fertilizers—all of which promoted farmers’ production and generated income. Also, the project supported the rehabilitation of some critical agriculture production infrastructure, including 608 ha of agricultural lands, improving 16.6 km of rural roads, 800 m3 of water harvesting structure and 17 water wells and springs.
The World Bank has partnered with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and local institutions in conflict-affected cities, acting through the Yemen Integrated Urban Services Emergency Project (YIUSEP) to provide citizens with access to critical services. The project provided over 3 million Yemenis with restored access to critical urban services, including water and sanitation, transport, energy, and solid waste management. The second phase of the project—the US$ 170 million YIUSEP II—is currently underway.
To increase people's access to electricity in a sustainable way, the Yemen Emergency Electricity Access Project (RY-EEAP) partnered with local microfinance institutions (MFIs) to help them set up financing windows for high-quality, small‑scale, solar power solutions for households and to provide partial grants to make the systems more affordable. The project also contracted solar suppliers and installers to provide grant‑financed solar power systems to key facilities, including clinics, schools, and water wells in rural and peri‑urban areas. Six MFIs participated in the program and a total of 114,000 households with over 787,000 beneficiaries, of which 389,000 were female, gained household access to electricity. Solar powered electricity has been installed in 494 critical service facilities (220 health facilities, 234 schools and 40 rural drinking water wells). In addition, 23 COVID-19 isolation units were provided electricity and 2,250 health workers were provided Pico solar systems under the project’s Contingent Emergency Response Component. Critical services were restored to over 3.2 million beneficiaries. All electricity solutions supported under the project are fully renewable. The successful RY-EEAP has fully disbursed the $50 million allocated and closed on 31 December 2022.
On 30 June 2022 the US$100 million Yemen Emergency Electricity Access Project – Phase 2 was approved by the World Bank board. This new project will build on activities supported by the original RY-EEAP project, with an expanded focus on technical assistance designed to support access to electricity supply and prepare for post-conflict restoration of the Yemen power sector. The project aims to provide 200,000 households with access to electricity and support 700 critical facilities with solar powered electricity. The operation will adopt an integrated, area-based approach to expand electricity access for households and electricity-dependent critical public services for the rural and peri-urban population within Yemen and support the preparation of interventions to improve electricity supply across Yemen in a sustainable manner.
Last Updated: Jan 25, 2024