1. What is the purpose of the Lebanon 3RF?
The Lebanon 3RF is a response plan to help Lebanon address the urgent needs of the population affected by the 4th of August Port of Beirut explosion that killed over 200 people, injured more than 6,500 and destroyed thousands of homes and properties. It provides a costed and prioritized framework of key actions to support the recovery and reconstruction of Beirut. Based on in-depth consultations with government, civil society and donors, the 3RF aims to provide a common reference point and action plan on what needs to be done across various sectors over the next 18 months. The 3RF also sets out arrangements for the coordination, implementation and financing of recovery and, subject to reform progress, reconstruction priorities.
2. What is the geographic and thematic scope of the 3RF?
The 3RF focuses on the response to the 4th of August explosion and affected communities and businesses in the Beirut area. It therefore does not aim to respond to the wider development needs of the country. The 3RF identifies however a targeted set of reforms to facilitate or enable recovery and reconstruction and/or to address key governance challenges. Most of these reforms will have a national impact (e.g. adoption of a procurement law) and are thus relevant for the country beyond the recovery and reconstruction of Beirut.
3. Why does the 3RF contain two tracks? Are they sequential?
One of the innovations of the 3RF is to distinguish two types of priorities and related actions that are needed for: i) supporting the most vulnerable individuals, communities and businesses affected by the explosion (the people-centered recovery track – track 1); and ii) reconstruction of critical assets and services (the reform and reconstruction track – track 2). The inclusion of reform priorities under the second track recognizes that reconstruction (and associated financial support from various sources) will not be feasible nor sustainable without reform.
The two tracks are not sequential: work on reform should proceed in parallel with people-centered recovery. However, reconstruction should not proceed in the absence of reform (see below).
4. Does the 3RF suggest any conditionality for international support?
The 3RF proposes that urgent investment needs identified under the people-centered recovery track (“track 1”) are not based on ex-ante conditionalities in line with the conclusions of the Conference in support of the Lebanese people organized by France and the UN on December 2, 2020. This recognizes that urgent support beyond humanitarian assistance is needed to address the impact of the explosion on the most vulnerable, and that such support should begin early to ensure that a medium-term perspective is integrated from the start in order to avoid a situation of extended humanitarian assistance. However, track 1 formulates a set of immediate policy actions that are expected to be taken by the Government of Lebanon to facilitate and enable recovery.
The 3RF highlights that support for reconstruction, i.e., investment priorities identified under track 2, should be conditional to satisfactory reform progress. This is why track 2 includes a set of reforms and institutional measures. What constitutes satisfactory reform progress and which reforms should serve as ex-ante conditionalities should be determined by the policy dialogue between the international community and the government in close consultation with civil society.
5. What are the estimated costs of recovery presented under the 3RF?
The 3RF estimates the priority needs of the people-centered recovery track in the amount of US$584 million, of which US$426 million are needed for the first year. The costs for the reform and reconstruction track are estimated at US$2 billion. The widespread damage and large reconstruction needs will require mobilizing a mix of public and private resources through public-private partnerships.
Reforms and Reconstruction
Improving Governance and Accountability
Jobs and Economic Opportunities
Social Protection, Inclusion and Culture
Improving Services and Infrastructure