Indonesia NTM Dataset
The increasing use of non-tariff measures (NTMs) in global trade has highlighted the need for timely, high frequency and accurate data in order to ensure that NTMs achieve their policy objectives without creating unnecessary costs for Indonesian economy and households.
The World Bank NTM dataset for Indonesia provides researchers, policy makers, governments, NGOs etc. with the first high-frequency panel dataset on the universe of NTMs applied by a country. The data, which has been a result of the collaboration with the Indonesian government, expands and improves on existing data on Indonesian NTMs collected by UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) and ERIA (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia) by:
- covering a broader source base,
- increasing the frequency of updates (annual),
- customizing some measures in the data,
- having a higher time frequency (monthly),
- linking it to policy such as NTMs put in place in response to COVID-19.
Supplementary resources include a comprehensive manual document that provides an overview of the purpose, building procedures and usage of the data for Indonesia, which aim to facilitate the construction of similar datasets in other countries.
All the data files, including the product-measure-month panel data, and product-measure-regulation, and related resources such as concordance of various product nomenclature, can be found at the World Bank Development Data Hub (DDH) in both csv and Stata format. The respective visualizations are available on the World Integrated Trade Solution (WITS) website. The data has also been used to update the UNCTAD Trade Analysis Information System (TRAINS) Database on Indonesian NTMs and is available in the UNCTAD format on TRAINS and WITS.
Watch the recording of Indonesia NTM dataset launch event.
Blogs about NTM dataset:
- A novel dataset in Indonesia highlights the importance of tracking and monitoring non-tariff measures
- Using the World Bank’s new dataset on non-tariff measures for evidence-based policy making in Indonesia
Research using the data:
- Trade Policies and Sea and Air freight: The Impact of COVID-19 Lockdowns on Imports and Exports
- Trade Policy and Exporters’ Resilience : Evidence from Indonesia
- Non-Tariff Measures, Import Competition, and Exports
- Gain without Pain Non-Tariff Measures, Plants’ Productivity and Markups