Overview

  • Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of $870 in 2018 and a Human Development Index ranking of 168 out of 189 countries in 2018.  According to the Human Capital Index, a child born today in Haiti will be only 45% as productive when she grows up as she would be if she enjoyed full education and health. Over 6 million Haitians live below the poverty line on less than US$2.41 per day, and more than 2.5 million fall below the extreme poverty line of US$1.23 per day.

    The political instability has hindered Haiti’s economic and social development. The country has experienced rapid currency depreciation (close to 30%), high levels of inflation (close to 20%), and a contraction in GDP (projected at 0.5%) during fiscal year 2019. The fiscal deficit narrowed compared to the previous year and is projected at 2.9%.  However, this was achieved through drastic cuts in capital investment and social programs.  Energy subsidies continue to represent a large fiscal burden (estimated at some 3.5% of GDP), significantly undermining authorities’ fiscal space for growth and poverty reduction expenditures.

    Haiti remains highly vulnerable to natural hazards, mainly hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. More than 96% of the population is exposed to these natural hazards.  Recovery efforts continue more than two years after Hurricane Matthew hit the country in 2016, which caused losses and damages estimated at 32% of 2015 GDP.

    Last Updated: Oct 15, 2019

  • The World Bank Group Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for Haiti was discussed by the Board of Directors in September 2015 and updated in 2018 through the Performance and Learning Review. It is designed to support the country’s efforts to provide economic opportunities for all its people and to combat poverty. The CPF seeks to strengthen institutions, build government capacity, and enhance the management of public finances. It is based on three priority pillars and one cross-cutting pillar on governance:

    ·       Promote inclusive growth by creating greater economic opportunities, particularly outside of Port-au-Prince, by strengthening access to energy, developing renewable energy, facilitating access to financing, and promoting the competitiveness and productivity of the private sector. 

    ·       Strengthen human capital and access to services, by improving primary education and maternal and child healthcare, while extending access to water and sanitation in the communities most affected by cholera and implementing preventative healthcare and treatment measures. 

    ·       Improve capacity to adapt to climate shocks, by strengthening emergency preparedness and the country’s capacity to respond to disasters; while protecting a greater number of Haitians through investments in risk reduction mechanisms to combat flooding as well as in other climate-resilient infrastructure projects, including drainage systems, reinforced bridges and all-weather roads.

    ·       Strengthen governance to improve State effectiveness, by investing in mechanisms to promote transparency and accountability, including within the framework of public financial management; strengthen institutions and government capacity to generate key data and adopt policies based on reliable data; and enhance government capacity to finance the provision of basic services.

    WORLD BANK GROUP PROGRAM

    The World Bank's portfolio in Haiti now stands at over $866 million and covers 20 active projects. This is complemented by nearly US$150 million from trust funds that support the implementation of these projects.

    The transport sector represents the largest segment of the World Bank portfolio, at over 21% of the total financing. Around 19% of the investments have been allocated to the social, urban and resilience sector, 17% to the health sector, 11% to the agricultural and environmental sector, and 10% to the energy sector. The remaining resources are earmarked for the education, governance, trade and competitiveness, macroeconomic, and social protection sectors.

    The International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries, allocated US$260 million for Haiti for the period 2018-2020. This was supplemented by additional resources of US$98 million from IDA reallocation and the regional window. To date, a total of US$229 million has already been committed, and the remaining resources have been programmed for delivery in fiscal year 2020.

    In addition to IDA activities, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) supports the private sector in Haiti. The IFC portfolio in Haiti stands at US$116 million, of which US$45 million has been mobilized from other partners. IFC supports private sector projects in Haiti in the areas of energy, beverages, manufacturing, financial markets, and the hotel industry.

    The IFC program aims to create jobs, facilitate access to basic infrastructure and financial services, and create revenue streams by making catalytic investments. It also contributes to the development of a sustainable and inclusive economy through technical assistance and advisory programs designed to make the business environment more attractive for investors and for micro, small, and medium enterprises.

    Last Updated: Oct 15, 2019

  • With the World Bank Group’s support, Haiti has made progress in a variety of areas: education, health, water and sanitation, energy, agriculture, regional development, disaster risk management, transport infrastructure, private sector growth, capacity building in statistics, and public financial management.

    Education

    ·       Expanded access to quality primary education to 240,000 children, 50% of whom are girls;

    ·       Distribution of textbooks and school kits to over 23,000 children in the Grand Sud region of Haiti from 2017-2019;

    ·       Grants to 61 community public schools in the Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes departments;

    ·       Results-based grants for the enrollment of 9,500 students in 43 non-public schools in the departments of Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes in 2018-2019;

    ·       Financial and technical support to 61 public schools in Sud, Grande-Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes to cover school improvement plans and their functioning costs in 2018-2019;

    ·       Provision of hot meals and snacks to over 23,000 students in public basic schools in Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes in 2017-2018 and 2018-2019;

    ·       Construction and rehabilitation of 91 schools or semi-permanent structures after Hurricane Matthew in October 2016;

    ·       Distribution of over 18,000 school kits and items of furniture distributed to schools affected by Hurricane Matthew;

    Health

    ·       Cholera transmission significantly interrupted, with no new cases since January 2019;

    ·       Expansion of vaccination coverage, resulting in 640,000 children immunized;

    ·       Financing of all routine vaccines across the country for the years 2016 and 2017;

    ·       Increased prenatal care, with at least four visits for 40% of the women living in the Nord-Est, Centre, Nord-Ouest, and Sud departments;

    ·       Improvement of infrastructure in health facilities, and water and sanitation in more than 130 sites;

    Water and Sanitation

    ·       Increased access to drinking water for more than 60,000 people through the construction, rehabilitation, and extension of drinking water supply systems;

    ·       Emergency interventions in six communes to prevent the resurgence of waterborne diseases, including cholera;

    ·       Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities in more 17 schools in Sud and La Gonave Island, and construction of 4 sanitation blocks for the public markets in the Centre Region;

    ·       Technical assistance to the Direction Nationale de l’Eau Potable et de l’Assainissement (National Drinking Water and Sanitation Directorate DINEPA) and the OREPA Sud, Centre, and Nord;

    Energy

    ·       Expanded access to electricity for about 226,000 people;

    ·        Expanded access to electricity with Solar PV systems to about 460 schools mostly in rural areas;

    ·       Rehabilitation of 4 distribution networks and installment of consumer meters to improve reliability of electricity service in Port-au-Prince;

    ·       Installation of over 1,200 solar street lamps in priority urban and rural areas;

    ·       Support to the National Energy Regulation Authority, ANARSE, to improve oversight of the energy sector; 

    Agriculture

    ·       Restoration or conversion of 3,500 hectares to agroforestry;

    ·       Provision of approximately 36,000 days of training on best practices in agriculture, health, and marketing, nearly half of which have benefited women farmers and members of organizations;

    ·       Registration of close to 60,000 farmers in the national registry;

    ·       Provision of co-financing to strengthen value chains to over 135 rural producer organizations;

    ·       Financing and distribution of quality inputs to 12,000 farmers, 45% of whom are women;

    ·       Identification program for cattle (320,000 identified, tagged and registered);

    Disaster Risk Management

    ·       140 Municipal Civil Protection Committees were trained and helped with evacuation and lifesaving after Hurricane Matthew in 2016;

    ·       Reduced vulnerability of the transport sector network through reconstruction and risk reduction investments;

    ·       Development of hazard and risk assessments and Disaster Risk Management Action Plans in the Education and Health Sectors;

    ·       Increased resources to assess disaster risks, for example high-resolution maps for flooding risk assessments and assessments of community vulnerabilities;

    ·       Investments in large scale flood risk reduction at the city level and incorporation of Disaster Risk Management in Urban Planning (Cap-Haitien urban resilience initiative);

    ·       Support to the creation and strengthening of the National Hydrometeorological Unit to provide improved hydro-meteorological and climate information and services customized to the needs of the civil protection;

    Transport

    ·       Better access to the capital for 500,000 Haitians living in the southeast of the country;

    ·       Rehabilitation of 8 kilometers of road connecting the historic city centers of Cap-Haïtien and Labadie;

    ·       Construction of the Ladigue bridge after Hurricane Matthew, reconnecting over 2 million Haitians in the departments of Nippes, Sud, and Grand'Anse;

    ·       Stabilization of the Marigot-Jacmel and Port-Salut-Les Anglais road network;

    ·       Reconstruction of the Chalon, Dolin, Fauché, La Thème and Boucan Carré bridges, and rehabilitation and protection of 120 small bridges, culverts, and road sections;

    ·       Protection and repair of more than 25 major engineering structures;

    Regional Development

    ·       Rehabilitation of the historic National Park, which includes the Henri Citadel, the Sans Souci Palace, the Sans Souci Chapel, and the Ramiers buildings;

    ·       Stabilization of the Boucle Center Artibonite (BCA) road network’s strategic routes through rehabilitation and protection works that allow 10,000 more people to have access to all-weather access to agricultural production areas and markets.

    Last Updated: Oct 15, 2019

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LENDING

Haiti: Commitments by Fiscal Year (in millions of dollars)*

*Amounts include IBRD and IDA commitments


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