Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Find Out

Overview

  • Update on COVID-19:

    The World Bank Group is working closely with partners to respond to the global pandemic in Haiti and around the world. For information on COVID-19 and the global response, please visit: https://www.worldbank.org/en/who-we-are/news/coronavirus-covid19

    The World Bank stands ready to support our partners in Haiti during this difficult time. A $20 million fast track COVID-19 Response Project for Haiti has already been approved. In addition to the emergency health financing, support is being provided to other critical sectors by reprogramming existing resources, including agriculture, education, and water and sanitation. Going forward, the World Bank is also looking at additional initiatives to support the country’s efforts for economic recovery, resilience, and protecting the vulnerable population.

    Context

    Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of $756 in 2019 and a Human Development Index ranking of 169 out of 189 countries in 2019.  According to the Human Capital Index, a child born today in Haiti will be only 45% as productive as an adult if he/she enjoyed full education and health. The latest official poverty estimated (2012) suggested that over 6 million Haitians lived below the poverty line of US$2.41 per day, and more than 2.5 million fell below the extreme poverty line of US$1.12 per day.

    Instability has hindered Haiti’s economic and social development. GDP is estimated to have contracted by 0.9% in 2019, and the country has experienced rapid currency depreciation, (25.5% at the end of fiscal year) and rampant inflation (20% at the end of the fiscal year). The economic slump was combined with weak capability of revenue administration. Nonetheless, the fiscal deficit was contained due to severe cuts in capital investment and social programs. Energy subsidies, estimated at 6.5% of GDP in 2019, continued to be a fiscal burden limiting the fiscal space for spending in growth-enhancing sectors. The economic outlook is fraught with downside risks amid the COVID-19 pandemic and an unresolved political crisis.

    Haiti remains highly vulnerable to natural hazards, mainly hurricanes, floods and earthquakes. More than 96% of the population is exposed to these natural hazards. Hurricane Matthew that hit the country in 2016, caused losses and damages estimated at 32% of 2015 GDP. However, the country has been successful in containing the cholera outbreak, with zero laboratory confirmed cases since January 2019.

    Last Updated: May 01, 2020

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    The World Bank Group Country Partnership Framework (CPF) for Haiti was discussed by the Board of Directors in September 2015 and updated in 2018 through the Performance and Learning Review. It is designed to support the country’s efforts to provide economic opportunities for all its people and to combat poverty. The CPF seeks to strengthen institutions, build government capacity, and enhance the management of public finances. It is based on three priority pillars and one cross-cutting pillar on governance:

    ·       Promote inclusive growth by creating greater economic opportunities, particularly outside of Port-au-Prince, by strengthening access to energy, developing renewable energy, facilitating access to financing, and promoting the competitiveness and productivity of the private sector. 

    ·       Strengthen human capital and access to services, by improving primary education and maternal and child healthcare, while extending access to water and sanitation in the communities most affected by cholera and implementing preventative healthcare and treatment measures. 

    ·       Improve capacity to adapt to climate shocks, by strengthening emergency preparedness and the country’s capacity to respond to disasters; while protecting a greater number of Haitians through investments in risk reduction mechanisms to combat flooding as well as in other climate-resilient infrastructure projects, including drainage systems, reinforced bridges and all-weather roads.

    ·       Strengthen governance to improve State effectiveness, by investing in mechanisms to promote transparency and accountability, including within the framework of public financial management; strengthen institutions and government capacity to generate key data and adopt policies based on reliable data; and enhance government capacity to finance the provision of basic services.

    WORLD BANK GROUP PROGRAM

    The World Bank's portfolio in Haiti has 24 active projects, with a total commitment amount of over US$919 million as of April 20, 2020. This is complemented by nearly US$129 million from trust funds that support the implementation of these projects.

    Haiti has received a $20 million grant from the COVID-19 Fast Track Facility to help address the health emergency of the global outbreak of COVID-19. Through this new fast track project, the World Bank is helping the Haitian authorities to limit the transmission of COVID-19 through detection, public health communications, infection control in health facilities, and improving quality of care.

    In addition to the emergency health financing, support is being provided to other critical sectors by reprogramming existing resources. Emergency finances were reallocated under an agriculture project to support food security by safeguarding production for upcoming cropping cycles. Work is being done under the ongoing education project to ensure continuity of the school feeding project, despite school closures, and find new methods of remote learning. The water and sanitation project is ramping up hand washing and hygiene awareness, particularly in sensitive areas like the border crossing, health centers, and market places. Going forward, the World Bank is also looking at additional initiatives to support the country’s efforts for economic recovery, resilience, and protecting the vulnerable population.

    Overall, the urban, resilience and land sector represents the largest segment of the World Bank portfolio in Haiti, with over 29% of the total financing. For other key areas, around 18% of the investments have been allocated to the health sector, 11% to the transport sector, 10% to the agriculture & food sector, 9% to the energy & extractives sector, and 8% to the education and water sector. The remaining resources are earmarked for the Finance, Governance, macroeconomic, trade & investment, and social protection & jobs sectors.

    The International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries, allocated US$260 million for Haiti for the period 2018-2020. This was supplemented by additional resources from IDA reallocation, crisis response window and the regional window. To date, a total of US$330 million has been committed, and the remaining resources have been programmed for delivery in fiscal year 2020.

    In addition to IDA activities, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) supports the private sector in Haiti. Since 2010, IFC has invested US$185 million, of which US$59 million has been mobilized from other partners. IFC supports private sector projects in Haiti in the areas of energy, beverages, garment manufacturing, financial markets, and the hotel industry.

    The IFC program aims to create jobs, facilitate access to basic infrastructure and financial services, and create revenue streams by making catalytic investments. It also contributes to the development of a sustainable and inclusive economy through technical assistance and advisory programs designed to make the business environment more attractive for investors and for micro, small, and medium enterprises.

     

     

    Last Updated: May 01, 2020

  • Education

    ·       Increased availability of education materials for over 55,000 children in 171 public schools in the Grand Sud region of Haiti for school year 2019-2020 through distribution of textbooks and school kits;

    ·       Improved nutrition through Provision of hot meals and snacks to over 55,000 students in public basic schools in Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes in 2019-2020;

    ·       Grants to 60 community public schools in the Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes departments;

    ·       Results-based grants for the enrollment of 20,000 students in 125 non-public schools in the departments of Sud, Grand'Anse, Sud-Est, in 2018-2019;

    ·       Financial and technical support to 171 public schools in Sud, Grande-Anse, Sud-Est, and Nippes to cover school improvement plans and their functioning costs in 2019-2020.

    Health

    ·            Cholera transmission significantly interrupted, with no new laboratory-confirmed cases since January 2019;

    ·            Expansion of vaccination coverage, resulting in 640,000 children immunized, and financing of all routine vaccines across the country for the years 2016 and 2017;

    ·            Increased prenatal care, with at least four visits for 40% of the women living in the Nord-Est, Centre, Nord-Ouest, and Sud departments;

    ·            Improvement of infrastructure in health facilities, and water and sanitation in more than 130 sites;

    Water and Sanitation

    ·       Increased access to drinking water for more than 60,000 people through the construction, rehabilitation, and extension of drinking water supply systems;

    ·       Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities in more than 50 schools in the South and La Gonave Island, and construction of 4 sanitation blocks for the public markets in the Centre Region;

    ·       Technical assistance and capacity building to the National Drinking Water and Sanitation Directorate (DINEPA) and the OREPA Sud, Centre, and Nord, especially for unified accounting and monitoring;

    ·       Support DINEPA to strengthen the ability to plan, program, and budget for the water and sanitation sector;

    ·       Awareness raising on handwashing and hygiene to fight against the coronavirus pandemic.

    Energy

    ·       Expanded access to electricity for about 233,833 people;

    ·       Expanded access to electricity with Solar PV systems to about 474 schools, mostly in rural areas;

    ·       Rehabilitation of 4 distribution networks and installation of consumer meters to improve reliability of electricity service in Port-au-Prince;

    ·       Installation of over 1,977 solar street lamps in priority urban and rural areas;

    ·       Support to the National Energy Regulation Authority, ANARSE, to improve oversight of the energy sector; 

    Agriculture

    ·       More than 130 Agricultural Cooperatives increased sales by 162% , supported by matching grants and connection to  value chains;

    ·       Distribution of individual subsidies to around 20,000 farmers on more than 10,000 ha;

    ·       Registration of around 150,000 farmers in the National Farmers Registry of the Ministry of Agriculture/MARNDR;

    ·       Identification and registration of more than 300,000 cattle;

    ·       Irrigation or drainage services provided or improved for more than 2,000 ha.

    Disaster Risk Management

    ·       140 Municipal Civil Protection Committees trained and helped with evacuation and lifesaving after Hurricane Matthew in 2016;

    ·       Vulnerability of the transport sector reduced through reconstruction and risk reduction investments;

    ·       Development of hazard and risk assessments and Disaster Risk Management Action Plans in the Education and Health Sectors;

    ·       Increased resources to assess disaster risks, for example high-resolution maps for flooding risk assessments and assessments of community vulnerabilities;

    ·       Investments in large scale flood risk reduction and incorporating disaster risk analysis in infrastructure planning in Cap-Haiten and surrounding municipalities

    ·       Support to the creation and strengthening of the National Hydrometeorological Unit to provide improved hydro-meteorological and climate information and services customized to the needs of the civil protection.

    Transport

    ·       Better access to the capital for 500,000 Haitians living in the southeast of the country;

    ·       Rehabilitation of 8 kilometers of road connecting the historic city centers of Cap-Haïtien and Labadie;

    ·       Construction of the Ladigue bridge after Hurricane Matthew, reconnecting over 2 million Haitians in the departments of Nippes, Sud, and Grand'Anse;

    ·       Stabilization of the Marigot-Jacmel and Port-Salut-Les Anglais road network;

    ·       Reconstruction of the Chalon, Dolin, Fauché, La Thème and Boucan Carré bridges, and rehabilitation and protection of 120 small bridges, culverts, and road sections;

    ·       Protection and repair of more than 25 major engineering structures.

    Regional Development

    ·       Development of Historic National Park (PNH), which includes creation and operation of interim PNH authority, launching a social assessment, start of technical studies for the rehabilitation of the Sans Souci Palace and the Sans Souci Chapel, and a call for proposals for the technical studies for rehabilitation of  the Henri Citadel and the Ramiers site;

    ·       Stabilization of the Boucle Center Artibonite (BCA) road network’s strategic routes through rehabilitation and protection works that allow 10,000 more people to have access to all-weather access to agricultural production areas and markets.

    Urban Development

    ·       Strengthened service provision in six municipalities in the Cap-Haitien metropolitan area;

    ·       Improved public spaces and urban infrastructure in seven municipalities in the North;

    ·       Improved municipal buildings in Quartier Morin and Milot;

    ·       Increased capacity to manage tourism in the North through support to the Destination Management Organization of the North of Haiti.

    Last Updated: May 01, 2020

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LENDING

Haiti: Commitments by Fiscal Year (in millions of dollars)*

*Amounts include IBRD and IDA commitments


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