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publication March 19, 2018

Gulf Economic monitor: Deepening Reforms

Latest Issue: 
  • Issue 2, February 2018

This second edition of the twice-yearly Gulf Economic Monitor describes recent economic developments, near-term prospects, and broader reform priorities in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.



Regional aggregate GDP growth in 2017 weakened to just 0.5 percent, weighed down by oil production cuts and tighter fiscal policy that took a toll on non-oil growth. Prospects, however, are for a gradual strengthening, helped by the partial recovery in energy prices, the expiration of oil production cuts after 2018, and an easing of fiscal austerity. Aggregate growth in the region is expected to strengthen to 2.1 and 2.7 percent in 2018 and 2019, respectively. Risks to the outlook include potential external headwinds resulting from the tightening of monetary policy in advanced economies and/or geopolitical tensions that lead to volatility in global financial markets or commodity prices. 

Deepening reforms in focus : pension systems in the Gulf (Full Report in PDF format)