Opportunities to generate income, access markets and increase productivity
The Rural Alliances Project II (PARII) supported producers’ organizations in rural areas. Between 2013 and 2018 the project benefited 20,490 families in 120 municipalities through 630 alliances aimed at enhancing the production capacity and market access of producers. The benefited households increased their sales by more than 30 percent. The construction of 14 bridges facilitated access to markets to thousands of producers in the nearby areas. An additional financing (AF), approved in 2017, focuses on a more resilient agriculture and aims to reach producers nationwide, promoting productivity improvements, mainly by means of investments in automated irrigation. With this new commitment, more than 26,000 families will reap benefits. So far, the PAR II AF has received more than 2,000 requests from producers’ organizations.
Within the framework of the Community Investment in Rural Areas Project (PICAR), 656 extremely poor rural communities of Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, La Paz and Oruro (169,232 people) benefitted from 769 infrastructure sub-projects, half of which were managed by women. Additional project financing that includes Potosí will give an estimated 200,000 more people access to basic, productive and service infrastructure by the end of 2019.
In the employment sector, the Project to Improve Employability and Labor Income for Youth works to promote employability of thousands of low-income youth and improve their labor income by supporting the expansion of young people’s entry into the labor market programs and developing their socio-emotional abilities, among others. A large percentage of women participate in this project. Mothers are given special stipends to help them raise their children under five years of age while they are working.
Capacity to manage climate change and reduce vulnerability to natural disasters
Since 2015, the World Bank has supported the implementation of disaster-risk management policies through development policy financing, which contributed to strengthening Bolivia’s legal and institutional framework.
The Climate Resilience Pilot Program contributed to the development of the National Climate Resilience Strategy. To support this tool, the World Bank is implementing the Climate Resilience Project – Integrated Watershed Management, which works to build institutional capacity for climate change adaptation. To this end, it is expanding the surveillance system of climate change effects, as well as strengthening the structure of the climate and water information system and drought monitoring. The project also works in three basins of Cochabamba Department, an area of approximately 16,000 square kilometers with a population of 1.4 million. Interventions include irrigation and defense, as well as integrated micro-basin management.
Access to quality basic services in the poorest urban and rural communities
The Health Services Network Project’s goal is to improve access to and quality of healthcare services for 3.8 million Bolivians, giving priority to women, children and indigenous populations. It will implement a comprehensive hospital management system through the strengthening of health networks, complemented by training of healthcare professionals, application of clinical care standards, information systems and the construction and equipping of nine secondary hospitals, one tertiary care hospital and an emergency center in the Hospital de Clínicas in la Paz, which is a regional referral health facility.
The World Bank has been supporting electrification programs in Bolivia since 2003 with operations such as the Decentralized Infrastructure Project for the Transformation of Rural Areas (IDTR I), which brought electricity to nearly 30,300 households (connected to the electric power grid and household solar panels), 110 schools and 14 health centers. The Decentralized Electricity Project for Universal Access provided electricity for nearly 7,600 households, 136 schools and 5,700 pico lamps with household solar panel systems during 2010-2012, benefitting 222,800 people. The IDTR I was extended to a second phase (IDTR II Project) which concludes in April 2019 will help increase electric power coverage, benefitting some 4,480 households with the expansion of networks.
The recently concluded Urban Infrastructure Project benefited La Paz and El Alto. Through the Real Neighborhoods and Communities Program, it supported the improvement of public lighting, drainage infrastructure, sanitation facilities, disaster risk mitigation works and recreational facilities in 46 low-income La Paz neighborhoods, benefiting 8,100 families. In El Alto, investments in infrastructure and the provision of technical assistance to the municipalities helped to improve urban mobility.
Institutional capacity to improve public policies management
The Project to Strengthen Statistics Capacity and the Information Base for Evidence-based Planning (STATCAP) supported the implementation of a population and housing census in 2012 and the agricultural census in 2013, the improvement of household surveys, the update of multipurpose maps, the Demographic and Health Survey 2016 and the 2015-2016 Household Budget Survey. Additionally, it will support the implementation and dissemination of economic surveys for the manufacturing, commerce and services industry, micro and small economic units, and small-scale and cooperative mining from September 2018 to May 2019. To complement these activities, the World Bank contributed in the computation of Consumer Price Index (CPI) required to estimate poverty rates. Currently, is collaborating on analytical activities related to poverty measurements.
Connectivity and reduction of transportation costs for isolated, vulnerable communities
To increase connectivity and access to services, the Project for the Highway of the Santa Cruz Connection Corridor (the 208-kilometer San Ignacio-San José section) will finish construction on a highway of the road network linking Bolivia and Brazil, which completes the tourist circuit of Chiquitanía and forms part of the East-West Bi-oceanic Corridor.
The rehabilitation of the 546-kilometer Santa Cruz–Trinidad road, which will benefit some three million residents of Santa Cruz and Beni departments, as well as users from other regions, most of whom are farmers who need to transport their produce to other markets. The highway will also facilitate access to health and education services for remote rural communities.
The National Highways and Airport Infrastructure Project supports regional and international integration through the construction of the 114-kilometer San Buenaventura – Ixiamas road. The road will link the departments of La Paz and Pando with Brazil, promoting the economic development of local populations. The project will also finance improvements to the Rurrenabaque Airport, which will facilitate the flow of tourism in the region.
Last Updated: Apr 10, 2019