Vijayendra (Biju) Rao
, a Lead Economist in the Development Research Group
of the World Bank, works at the intersection of scholarship and practice. He integrates his training in economics with theories and methods from anthropology, sociology and political science to study the social, cultural, and political context of extreme poverty in developing countries.
He leads the Social Observatory
, an inter-disciplinary effort to improve the conversation between citizens and governments.
, published in the American Economic Review
, the American Political Science Review
, the European Economic Review
, the Journal of Development Economics
, World Development
and other places has spanned a variety of subjects. In his early work he pioneered empirical research in Economics on dowries
, domestic violence
and sex work
. His 2004 edited book with Mike Walton, Culture and Public Action,
was an effort to instigate a conversation between anthropologists and economists to open up (then) new questions at the intersection of culture and development including the role of aspirations, inequality traps, and cultural heritage. He is a proponent of mixing qualitative and quantitative methods to make economics more reflexive
, and to better understand and diagnose issues in development. His recent work has focused on participatory approaches to development, deliberative democracy
, and voice and agency among the poor. He has been experimenting with the use of Natural Language Processing methods to understand epistemic discrimination
in Indian village meetings, and to develop tools to analyze open-ended qualitative interviews at scale
. He and Ghazala Mansuri co-authored Localizing Development: Does Participation Work?
which the Nobel Laureate Roger Myerson has described as “one of the most important books in development in recent years.” His most recent book, co-authored with Paromita Sanyal, is Oral Democracy: Deliberation in Indian Village Assemblies
(Cambridge University Press).
Dr. Rao obtained a BA in Economics from St. Xavier’s College, Bombay University, a PhD in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania
, was a Hewlett post-doctoral fellow at the Economics Research Center and an Associate of the Committee on Southern Asian Studies
at the University of Chicago, and has been a Mellon Fellow at Population Studies Centers at the University of Michigan and Brown University. He was an Assistant Professor of Economics at Williams College
before joining the World Bank’s research department in 1999.
He is a Fellow of the International Economics Association, and the Chair of the Advisory Committee of the program on Boundaries, Membership and Belonging
, at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research