IDA Financing

IDA funds are allocated to the recipient countries in relation to their income levels and record of success in managing their economies and their ongoing IDA projects. IDA's lending terms are highly concessional, meaning that IDA credits carry no or low interest charges.

FY12 Top 10 IDA Borrowers 1 $million
India 2,733
Nigeria 1,345
Pakistan 1,290
Vietnam 1,049
Ethiopia 920
Kenya 878
Bangladesh 866
Ghana 470
Tanzania 420
Côte d'Ivoire 390

The lending terms are determined with reference to recipient countries' risk of debt distress, the level of GNI per capita, and creditworthiness for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) borrowing. Recipients with a high risk of debt distress receive 100 percent of their financial assistance in the form of grants and those with a medium risk of debt distress receive 50 percent in the form of grants. Other recipients receive IDA credits on regular or blend and hard-terms with 40-year and 25-year maturities respectively.

In fiscal year 2012 (which ended June 30, 2012), IDA commitments totaled $14.8 billion (including IDA guarantees), of which 15 percent was provided on grant terms. New commitments in FY12 comprised 160 new operations. Since 1960, IDA has provided $255 billion to 108 countries. Annual commitments have increased steadily and averaged about $15 billion over the last three years.

IDA-financed operations address primary education, basic health services, clean water and sanitation, environmental safeguards, business climate improvements, infrastructure and institutional reforms. These projects pave the way toward economic growth, job creation, higher incomes and better living conditions.

IDA emphasizes broad-based growth, including:

  • Sound economic policies, rural development, private business, and sustainable environmental practices
  • Investment in people, in education and health, especially in the struggle against HIV/AIDS, malaria, and TB
  • Expansion of borrower capacity to provide basic services and ensure accountability for public resources
  • Recovery from civil strife, armed conflict, and natural disaster
  • Promotion of trade and regional integration

IDA Lending by Sector 2 % of total 3
Infrastructure 32
Social 24
Public Admin. and Law 23
Agriculture 14
Industry and Trade 4
Finance 2

IDA carries out analytical studies to build the knowledge base that allows intelligent design of policies to reduce poverty. IDA advises governments on ways to broaden the base of economic growth and protect the poor from economic shocks.

IDA also coordinates donor assistance to provide relief for poor countries that cannot manage their debt-service burden. IDA has developed a system for allocating grants based on countries’ risk of debt distress, designed to help countries ensure debt obligations are met (debt sustainability).

1 Commitments include country commitments for regional projects and guarantees
2 Excludes IDA guarantees
3 Percentages do not add up to 100% due to rounding

IDA Articles of Agreement

IDA's Articles of Agreement became effective in 1960. The First IDA Loans, known as credits, were approved in 1961.

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IDA at-a-Glance

IDA at-a-GlanceIDA is the World Bank's Fund for the Poorest Countries.

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