Poverty alone is not a comprehensive marker of deprivation. Race, ethnicity, gender, religion, place of residence, disability status, age, HIVAIDS status, sexual orientation or other stigmatized markers, confer disadvantage that excludes people from a range of processes and opportunities.
The World Bank defines social inclusion as the process of improving the terms for individuals and groups to take part in society.
Social inclusion aims to empower poor and marginalized people to take advantage of burgeoning global opportunities. It ensures that people have a voice in decisions which affect their lives and that they enjoy equal access to markets, services and political, social and physical spaces.
Social inclusion is a central tenet in the World Bank Group's dual goals of ending extreme poverty by 2030 and promoting shared prosperity.
It is possible to construct a measure or a set of indicators, drawing from recent efforts and keeping in mind context-specificity. Examples of recent measures of well-being include:
- How is life
- Human Opportunity Index - HOI
- Human Development Index
- Indices of Social Development
- Multidimensional Poverty Index
- Social Progress Index
- Social Institutions and Gender Index – SIGI 2012
The World Bank addresses social exclusion through a range of programs and projects.