Course: Use of Anti-Money Laundering Tools to Combat Corruption

There is recognition that corruption and money laundering are interrelated. Corruption generates huge profits/proceeds that need to be laundered in order to be given an appearance of legality. Cases that have been adjudicated in the courts of law in several jurisdictions over the last several years illustrate clearly the connection between money laundering and corruption. Consequently, by looking into the financial aspects of corruption activities, anti-money laundering tools can and should be used as a powerful vehicle to deprive criminal of their ill-gotten assets and ultimately contribute to deterring acts of corruption.

Course Description

The course consists of five training modules and a simulated case study. The main goal of the course is to help anti-corruption agency officials to reorient their approach to combating corruption. Instead of just proving the corruption act they are guided on how to start an investigation on the proceeds of such corrupt act. The thread that connects all five modules and the case study is that the issues addressed in all of them are based on real adjudicated cases.

The modules have a universal approach to the issues and cases covered. As such when being delivered in-country, it is expected that agencies using the modules will customize the content of the modules to the legislative and operational frameworks (such as anti-corruption, anti-money laundering, banking laws, rules of evidence etc), as well as to the economic and social realities of the jurisdiction (such as predominance of cash in the economy, criminal environment, etc).

Participant’s Handbook 

Download Handbook

Description of modules:

Pre-Module: Introduction and the simulated case study. Download

Module 1- Concepts and Practical Applications: A foundation for the other four modules by focusing on the concepts and practical applications with respect to corruption and money laundering. As such, this module covers issues related to the connection between money laundering and corruption. It uses practical cases that have been adjudicated upon by the courts in several jurisdictions to illustrate the concepts of money laundering, corruption and the interconnection between the two. Download

Module 2 - Role of the Financial Intelligence Unit: An attempt to explore the notion that a financial intelligence unit can be a useful asset in sharing available financial intelligence with investigators of corruption. This module provides explanations on what is a Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and the different types of Financial Intelligence Units. Further, the module elaborates on the main functions of Financial Intelligence Units, which is to receive, analyze and disseminate suspicious transaction. A discussion is made on the tactical, operational and strategic analysis that is typically conducted by Financial Intelligence Units. Finally, practical suggestions are made in ways that the Financial Intelligence Units can provide assistance to the anti-corruption bodies and other law enforcement agencies in corruption investigations. Moreover, focus is made on the link that a FIU can make with counterpart FIUs within the framework of the Egmont group of financial intelligence unit. Download

Module 3 - Inter-Agency Domestic and International Cooperation: Covers issues related to cooperation between agencies that are responsible – directly or indirectly - for fighting corruption and money laundering. This module highlights practical ways in which cooperation between various agencies involved in investigating and prosecuting corruption and money laundering can be enhanced. Moreover, it identifies ways in which intelligence can be shared in a multi-agency manner leading to an effective way of addressing corruption using all available tools at the disposal of the anti-corruption agency. The module briefly touches on the issue of international cooperation by specifically looking at the pre-mutual legal assistance agency to agency cooperation, or administrative cooperation. Download

Module 4 - Planning Investigations: Corruption and Money Laundering: The practical aspects of planning and management of investigations. It addresses the issue of initiating cases of corrupt practices and identifying money laundering activity. The module then goes on to explore the sources of information to facilitate an investigation; the use of investigation techniques; tracing assets and managing of evidence; as well as case management and division of responsibilities. Furthermore, various methods of gathering evidence such as surveillance, undercover operations, search warrants and informants, are explored. This module crystallizes the discussion had in module 1 and 2 in so far as it deals with the matter of the management of an entire corruption investigation. Download

Module 5 - Asset Recovery Process and Avenues for Recovering Assets: How to improve understanding of the requirements and strategies of successful asset recovery. It has as its premise the notion that ultimately the goal of fighting financial crime is to take the profit out of the crime. There is no better way of doing this than to freeze, seize and confiscate the proceeds of any crime including corruption. The module provides case examples of asset recovery and the management of seized and forfeited assets. Moreover, as noted in modules 1 through 3, there is usually an international dimension to most corruption cases. Consequently, module 5 also addresses the matter of international cooperation in asset recovery. Thus, there is a reinforcement of what has been already discussed in modules 1 and 3. Download

Simulation case: A live-action simulation of a corruption and money-laundering case is undertaken over a set period of time (usually 1 full training day). Herein, participants are broken into multi-disciplinary teams to cooperatively investigate the case as it develops. Teams have to work together, putting into practice the tools they’ve learned in the modules, to build a case for presentation to the legal authorities. At the end of the case, teams are required to present their findings to the group using flow charts indicating financial flows of the proceeds of corruption, relationships between individuals and organizations; and then indicate and identify course of action to take in terms of the prosecution of the suspects and the nature of the criminal charges to be made. 

Moderator's Guide

To access training modules, please follow the instructions below:

1. Open Windows Explorer by double click on "Computer" icon on your desktop.
2. Enter the FTP address in the following format
3. You will be prompt to enter username/password

User name: Simcase (case-sensitive)
Password: provided by Stuart Yikona

4. After you successfully login to the system, you will be automatically redirected to your account folder.
5. To download files from your FTP account, simply copy the files of your interest, and paste it to your local drive. Otherwise, you'll be prompted to input your login information every time you click on a document.


Stuart Yikona