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Kristyn Schrader-King

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Europe and Central Asia Research



Halme Kimmo [Editor], Lindy Ilari [Editor], Piirainen Kalle A. [Editor], Salminen Vesa [Editor], White Justine [Editor]Apr 08, 2014

The technology and innovation landscape has changed considerably since 2006 when Finland as a Knowledge Economy: Elements of Success and Lessons Learned [see also report 39378] was first published by the World...

Policy Research Working Paper
Bjornskov Christian, Bogetic Zeljko, Hillman Arye L., Popovic MilenkoApr 01, 2014

The principal focus in the substantial literature on impediments to economic development has been on the inadequacies of policies and governance. However, successful economic development requires effectiveness of...

Policy Research Working Paper
Apr 01, 2014

Increasing fragmentation of production across borders is changing the nature of international competition. As a result, conventional indicators of competitiveness based on gross exports are becoming less...

Policy Research Working Paper
Azevedo Joao Pedro, Atamanov AzizApr 01, 2014

Turkey's poverty reduction performance in the 2000s has been remarkably consistent. Extreme and moderate poverty have fallen considerably since 2003. Between 2002 and 2011, extreme poverty fell from 13 percent to...

Working Paper
Balabanov Boris, Pala Christopher, Wirasmo BudyApr 01, 2014

Long-term economic growth is the key driver for increasing the economic wellbeing of the population, but the pattern and the incidence of growth also matter. Economic growth narrowly based on certain enclave ...


By 2050, one in three Bulgarians is projected to be older than 65 and only one in two Bulgarians will be of working age. Read More »

Laura Tuck
Vice President
Chief Economist
Road in Russia

Despite the challenges caused by the financial crisis, public-private partnerships can benefit economies across the region. Read More »