WATER MANAGEMENT IN THE HAI RIVER BASIN WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON BEIJING (May 12-18, 2013) - A delegation from the World Bank’s Latin America and Caribbean Region and from three client countries visited Beijing, China, to learn about the city’s innovative experiences in managing its extremely scarce water resources amidst strong urban and agricultural pressures. This study visit was funded by the LAC Water Beam and the LCSWS and LCSEN units, in collaboration with the Water Partnership Program (WPP). WPP funding enabled the attendance of government representatives from water resources institutions in Brazil, Peru and Chile.
The main issues facing China’s water resources today are water shortage, low efficiency of water use, pollution, drying up of rivers and lakes, soil erosion, and increased incidence of extreme events. In particular, water availability in Beijing is extremely scarce, at 2000 cubic meter per capita, one-third of the world average. These challenges share commonalities with those faced by several countries in the LCR region, in terms of increasing agricultural pressure on water resources and the need for developing sustainable models of integrated urban water management.