The Bank has been supporting Djibouti for 33 years in various sectors.
The Strengthening Institutional Capacity and Management of the Education System Project (ACIGEF) became effective in January 2013. A number of achievements have been supported with this financing including: i) the development and implementation of annual work plans for a majority of the departments at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training; and i) the renovation of four technical colleges, which was in progress during the reporting period. In addition, the Additional Financing for Primary Education Support Project (PAEP-IMOA EFA-FTI) and the Second School Access and Improvement Project (PAAE II) supported the country’s second Education Action Plan by increasing equitable access to primary schools and providing the necessary equipment, materials and textbooks for children to learn. These interventions resulted in an increase in student enrollment, especially among girls. Achievements included, inter alia: i) a substantial expansion of school access with the construction of nine new schools and rehabilitation of eleven; ii) an increase in primary completion rate from 62% in 2005 to 72% in 2012; (iii) the increased capacity of the Ministry of Education to provide in-service training to teachers and school staff resulting, by end of 2011, in the training of 95% of teachers, and 100% of directors and inspectors; and (iv) the enhanced capacity of the country to meet the demand in textbooks by purchasing and producing quality textbooks adapted to the local context. By end of 2011, about 171,000 quality textbooks and pedagogical guides for primary schools were produced, and about 55,600 textbooks were purchased; this increased the percentage of students who have access to textbooks to 96 percent.
In terms of maternal and child health, the recently-closed IDA-funded health project contributed to a reduction in the Maternal Mortality Ratio from 546 to 383 deaths per 100,000 live births from 2002 to 2012. The under-five Mortality Rate was also reduced from 124 to 68 deaths per 1,000 live births between 2002 and 2012. Medically-assisted deliveries reached 87% in 2012, compared to 40% in 2002, and the proportion of children vaccinated against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus before 12 months increased from 45 percent in 2002 to 93% in 2012. HIV/AIDS prevalence among young pregnant women (15 to 24 years old) decreased to 1.4% in 2010, compared to 2.9% in 2002. In addition, the total number of paramedics enrolled in the High Institute of Health Sciences increased to 1,098 students in 2012 compared to 515 students in 2008.
The World Bank is supporting Djibouti to build a productive social safety net (SSN) system. An innovative SSN project providing short-term employment in community-based labor-intensive work and supporting the improvement of nutritional practices among pregnant/lactating mothers and pre-school children was the center piece of the government’s SSN strategy. The project, funded by a grant from the Japanese Social Development Fund and scaled-up with funds from the IDA Crisis Response Window and an additional IDA financing, has reached over 6,500 women and children who participated in the nutrition program and provided about 300,000 person-days of short term employment opportunities. The program contributed to diet diversification and improved nutrition practices among beneficiary households and has strengthened female empowerment. At project level, an integrated Management Information System covering the nutrition, as well as the workfare component has been developed to ensure efficient implementation of the social safety net project in Djibouti. At the national level, the project is supporting the development of a social registry that will be used by multiple programs and stakeholders, creating a database containing socio-economic/demographic characteristics of the population to target resources to the most needed; the social registry will spearhead, and eventually feed into, a national ID system.
With engagement since 1984, the World Bank has a long history supporting urban development in Djibouti. The Djibouti Urban Poverty Reduction Projects (DUPREP) I and II are innovative in their dual approach: infrastructure investment combined with social activities and institutional support. DUPREP resulted in improved access to basic infrastructure and community services via the construction of four major roads; creation of 25,000 person-days of short term employment opportunities; increased capacity building of selected institutions through the establishment of a financial and stock management system; and the funding of the City master plan. The ongoing DUPREP II is a follow-up to DUPREP which initiated the transformation process of Quartier 7. The main objective is to improve access to basic urban services in the neighborhood through support to infrastructure upgrading, institutional capacity and citizen engagement. DUPREP II has already been launched: (i) the DAOI of planned roads and associated drains have been launched; (ii) the Expression of interest for both Djaga Bouldouq urban restructuration study and Supervision of road works has been launched; and (iii) the urban and architectural study for Omar Gouled Central Square launched. The project should soon start showing positive impacts among Quartier 7 residents and urban environment.
The main objectives of the Power Access and Diversification Project (PADSE) which closed on December 31st, 2014, were to: (i) increase access of underserved populations to electricity services; (ii) improve EDD’s efficiency through execution of investment operations aimed at reducing EDD’s electricity losses; and (iii) reduce the negative effects of drought on water pumping in both rural and urban areas by strengthening the country’s power supply resilience to natural catastrophes, through the creation of High Fuel Oil (HFO) and diesel security stocks. It allowed 12,000 people to access electricity, essential social infrastructures have been electrified and 199 street lights have been installed in the poor neighborhoods of PK12 and Balbala. This parent project enabled electricity access to 4% of the total population. Two additional financing have been granted (Grant H5740 and Grant H7830) in order to complete the above objectives. The project also financed the piloting of smart metering, with 3,300 meters deployed, which allowed the provision of better quality services by EdD to its clients, while enabling the company to reduce its losses, increase its profitability and improve capacity to cover costs. Moreover, a regulation on security stocks was promulgated to ensure diesel availability for the additional water pumping needs of the poor rural population in response to the prolonged state of drought in the country. Based on the regulation, the security stocks financed by IDA will be used in the next 10 years for water pumping during the 3 driest months of the year (June, July and August).
The ongoing Rural Community Development and Water Mobilization (PRODERMO, 2012-2017), is the first rural development project supported by the World Bank in Djibouti. It is also the first project in Djibouti to support small scale fisheries activities. The PRODERMO applies an innovative participatory approach to water and agro-pastoral resource management as well as to the development of small scale artisanal fisheries, where beneficiary communities play an integral role, with technical assistance from the project.
PRODERMO contributed to: (i) the strengthening of the institutional framework through the constitution of 12 Local Steering Committees (including at least 2 women), 22 associations (among which 12 of women), 6 fishermen associations and 65 water management committees; (ii) the construction of 32 cisterns and 7 open reservoirs, with a total water mobilization capacity of 143,200 cubic meters; (iii) the selection of 32 income generating activities, (iv) the training of 783 beneficiaries, among which 250 women and (v) the creation of more than 94,000 person-days of temporary work. More than 750 households, 3,650 small ruminants and 970 large ruminants benefited from the water mobilized so far and 160 fishermen are benefiting from the recently rehabilitated Ice unit, allowing better fish conservation and improved quality.
Last Updated: Mar 02, 2015