The World Bank’s impact in Armenia has been felt across many sectors including roads, energy, agriculture, education, health, irrigation, rural development, public administration, and judiciary.
Recent development results in Armenia include:
Improving Rural “Lifeline” Roads:
The most isolated communities in Armenia are benefitting from improved roads that can bring in tourists and chances for economic revival. The Lifeline Roads Improvement Project has reconnected Armenia’s isolated rural communities to their urban centers. Since 2009, 290 km of roads linking villages to main highways have been rehabilitated while creating over 27,000 person-months of employment in affected rural areas. By the end of 2013, 140 additional km will be rehabilitated.
Reforming the Energy Sector:
Second generation energy reforms in Armenia focused on the use of safe, clean and affordable heating and renewable energy generation. IDA-supported reforms drove up the share of urban households using safe and clean gas-based heating from 13% in 2005 to 71% in 2010. Gas-related explosions, poisonings and fires reduced four-fold. Privately owned renewable energy generation grew from 137 GWh to 417 GWh.
Improving Access to Water:
The quality, reliability, and efficiency of water supply services have improved dramatically for Yerevan, the capital and largest city of Armenia. The International Development Association (IDA) has supported the government of Armenia in providing a safe and stable water supply and reducing environmental pollution through two water and wastewater management projects. Over 332,000 households in Yerevan have benefitted from improvements in the duration of water supply and water quality.
In addition, the average number of daily hours of drinking water service outside the capital city increased from an average of six hours per day in 2004 to 17 hours per day in 2011.
Through two phases of the Heath System Modernization project about 2.5 million Armenians have better access to modernized facilities and quality health care provided by retrained physicians and nurses. In the regions, a small number of specially trained physicians in centralized, renovated regional medical centers now provide a wide range of health care services with state-of-the-art equipment.
Improving Agriculture through Irrigation:
Irrigation is slowly changing the landscape of Armenian agriculture and improving the lives of farmers. Instead of growing wheat or barley, thousands of the country's small farmers have been planting crops that need more water but ultimately yield more cash. The transformation comes thanks to investments supported by the World Bank over many years in the country's irrigation and water rights systems. Additionally, 71 irrigation dams were brought up to international safety standards, reducing the risk of dam failure and flooding for about 570,000 people living downstream from the dams.