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IK Notes on Indigenous Knowledge and Practices

Last Updated: Wednesday, May 24, 2006

IK Notes is a publication that periodically documents development issues that can be effectively dealt with through the application of indigenous knowledge and practices. These are published electronically and in print in three languages, reaching over 25,000 readers. Each IK Note explores in some detail sensitive issues such as female circumcision and describes locally driven solutions.

Please follow these guidelines if you would like to contribute an IK Note: Guidelines for IK Notes Authors. Authors are also encouraged to provide a summary of their IK Note, with a maximum of 250 words, which will be included in the IK Database: http://www.worldbank.org/afr/ik/datab.htm. The structure of IK Database entries should follow these questions.

Indigenous Knowledge Local Pathways to Global Development Book :
(features IK Notes 1 - 60)
Marking Five Years of the World Bank Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program

[Available in english (1.1 MB),  français (1.2 MB), and swahili (937 KB)]


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Notes CA en Français

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No. 93 June 2006 - Conservation of Medicinal Plants in Central
America and the Caribbean (html version)

No. 92 May 2006 - Biodiversity and Health Symposium Conclusions and Recommendations (html version)

No. 91 April 2006 - Traditional Medicine Programmes in Madagascar (html version)

No. 90 March 2006 - Indigenous Knowledge (IK) Notes Survey (html version)

No. 89 February 2006 - Grandmothers Promote Maternal and Child Health: the Role of Indigenous Knowledge Systems' Managers (html version)

No. 88 January 2006 - Linking Agricultural Innovations to Knowledge Sharing in Africa (html version)

No. 87 December 2005 - Education: Building on Indigenous Knowledge (html version)

No. 86 November 2005 - Nugormesese : An Indigenous Basis of Social Capital in a West African Community (html version)

No. 85 October 2005 - Innovation Support Funds for farmer-led research and development (html version)

No. 84 September 2005 - Indigenous Knowledge - Cross Regional Distance Learning Course
(India, Sri Lanka, Uganda and Tanzania) (html version)

No. 83 August 2005 - Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Indigenous Systems of Medicine (html version)

No. 82 July 2005 -Agriculture, trees and HIV/AIDS (html version)

No. 81 June 2005 - Integrating the indigenous knowledge of Borana pastoralists into rangeland management strategies in southern Ethiopia (html version)

No. 80 May 2005 - Burkina Faso: the Zaï technique and enhanced agricultural productivity (html version)

No. 79 April 2005 - Local Innovations using Traditional Vegetables to Improve Soil Quality (html version)

No. 78 March 2005 - A Smallholders Innovative Approach to Producing and Exporting Fruit (html version)

No. 77 February 2005 - Burkina Faso Indigenous Innovation in Farmer-to-Farmer Extension (html version)

No. 76 January 2005 - Promoting Local Innovation: Enhancing IK Dynamics and Links with Scientific Knowledge (html version)

No. 75 December 2004 - "South-South Learning Exchange for Client Capacity Enhancement (html version)

No. 74 November 2004 - Building Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships to Promote Farmer Experimentation and Innovation in Ghana (html version)

No. 73 October 2004 - Building on Traditional Medicinal Plant Knowledge and Home-based Health Care Efforts in Rural Malawi

No. 72 September 2004 - Regional Radio in Tunisia: Linking Indigenous Innovation and Formal Research and Development

No. 71 August 2004 - Particpatory Video: Rural People Document their Knowledge and Innovations

No. 70 May 2004 - Ethiopia: A Woman Innovator Speaks

No. 69 May 2004 - Farmers as Partners in Knowledge Development

No. 68 May 2004 - Traditional and Modern Medicine in the Context of Globablization

No. 67 April 2004 - Traditional Medecine in Uganda: Historical Perspective, Challenges and Advances

No. 66 March 2004 - Medicinal Plants: Conservation and Sustainable Use in Sri Lanka

No. 65 February 2004 - Conditions for Effective Collaboration between Modern and Traditional Medicine

No. 64 January 2004 - Malawi: Institutionalizing Traditional Community-based Natural Resource Management

No. 63 December 2003 - Women & Indigenous Knowledge: a South-South Perspective

No. 62 November 2003 - Traditional Knowledge and the Reduction of Maternal and Infant Mortality

No. 61 October 2003 - Nurturing Traditional Knowledge Systems for Development

No. 60 September 2003 - Institutional Constraints in Promoting IK: Community Access to Social and Formal Institutions

No. 59 August 2003 - Adzina: An Indigenous System of Trial by Jury on the Ghana-Togo Border

No. 58 July 2003 - Grassroots Women’s Approach to Capacity Building

No. 57, June 2003 - Cultural Rights for Zimbabwe's Sui Generis Legislation

No. 56, May 2003 - Ghana: Kanye Ndu Bowi - An Indigenous Philosophical Context for Conflict Management

No. 55 April 2003 - Indigenous Knowledge: the East Africa-South Asia Learning Exchange - An example of South-South Cooperation

No. 54 March 2003 - Traditional Medicine Practice in Contemporary Uganda

No. 53 February 2003 - The Economics of African Indigenous Knowledge

No. 52 January 2003 - Ethiopia: A Qualitative Understanding of Local Traditional Knowledge and Medicinal Plant Use

No. 51 December 2002 - Traditional Medicine in Tanga Today - The Ancient and Modern Worlds Meet

No. 50 November 2002 - Eritrea: Collective Responsibility for War Orphans

No. 49 October 2002 - Farmer Experimenters: Self-developed Technology

No. 48 September 2002 - Ethiopia: Potential of Traditional Social Insurance for Supporting Health Care

No. 47 August 2002 - Using the Indigenous Knowledge of Jatropha: The use of Jatropha curcas oil as raw material and fuel

No. 46 July 2002 - Managing Natural Resources along the Mozambican Shoreline: The Role of Myths and Rites

No. 45 June 2002 - Using Indigenous Knowledge to Raise Agricultural Productivity: An example from India

No. 44 May 2002 - Uganda: The Contribution Of Indigenous Vegetables to Household Food Security

No. 43 April 2002 - Rural Seed Fairs Southern Tanzania - Why southern zone rural seed fairs?

No. 42 March 2002 - Developing Indigenous Knowledge in Francophone Africa - A Four-Nation Overview

No. 41 February 2002 - Eritrea: Eliminating a Harmful Traditional Practice

No. 40 January 2002 - Maternal Health Care in Rural Uganda: Leveraging Traditional and Modern Knowledge Systems

No. 39 December 2001 - Burkina Faso: Integrating Indigenous and Scientific Rainfall Forecasting

No. 38 November 2001 - Senegal: Indigenous Language and Literature as a Non-profit Business - The ARED Story

No. 37 October 2001 - HIV/AIDS: Traditional Healers, Community Self-assessment, and Empowerment

No. 36 September 2001 - Eritrea: The Process of Capturing Indigenous Knowledge

No. 35 August 2001 - Ethiopia: Traditional Medicine and the Bridge to Better Health

No. 34 July 2001 - Tanzania: Communicating Local Farming Knowledge

No. 33 June 2001 - Mozambique: Repairing the Ravages of War: Initiation Societies and Community Schooling

No. 32 May 2001 - African Traditional Healers: The Economics of Healing

No. 31 March 2001 - Malicounda-Bambara: The Sequel, The Journey of a Local Revolution

No. 30 March 2001 - Indigenous Knowledge and HIV/AIDS: Ghana and Zambia

No. 29 February 2001 - West Africa Languages: Medium and Message

No. 28 January 2001 - Indigenous Knowledge and Local Power: Negotiating Change in West Africa

No. 27 December 2000 - Uganda: Information Technology and Rural Development

No. 26 November 2000 - Traditional Medicine and AIDS

No. 25 October 2000 - Mali: Indigenous Knowledge - Blending the New and the Old

No. 24 September 2000 - Strengthening Traditional Technical Knowledge: The Sugar Cane Wine Example

No. 23 August 2000 - Seeds of Life: Women and Agricultural Biodiversity in Africa

No. 22 July 2000 - Indigenous Knowledge Goes to School. Potentials and Perils of Community Education in the Western Sahel

No. 21 June 2000 - Indigenous Knowledge for Development : Two Years Down the Road

No. 20 May 2000 - Reinventing Apprenticeship and Rites of Passage: An Entry into the Urban Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa

No. 19 April 2000 - Indigenous Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights

No. 18 March 2000 - Participatory Management and Local Culture: Proverbs and Paradigms

No. 17 February 2000 - Regional Planning, Local Visions: Participatory futuring in West Africa

No. 16 January 2000 - Senegal: Grassroots Democracy in Action

No. 15 December 1999 - Health: Indigenous Knowledge, Equitable Benefits

No. 14 November 1999 - Grassroots Dissemination of Research in Africa: Collecting and Connecting

No. 13 October 1999 - Sahelian Languages, Indigenous Knowledge and Self-Management

No. 12 September 1999 - Cultural Resources and Maternal Health in Mali

No. 11 August 1999 - Education and Koranic Literacy in West Africa

No. 10 July 1999 - Indigenous Healing of War–Affected Children in Africa

No. 9 June 1999 - The Development of an Agricultural Union in Mali: Increasing Levels of Local Empowerment

No. 8 May 1999 - Nurturing the Environment on Senegal's West Coast

No. 7 April 99 - Literacy and Local Governance in a Rural Community: The Experience of Nwodua, Ghana

No. 6 March 99 - Village bankers: The experience of Fandène (Senegal)

No. 5 February 99 - Burkina Faso: "Literacy for the Little Ones" in Nomgana

No. 4 January 99 - From "Sacrilege" to Sustainability: Reforestation and Organic Farming in Forikrom, Ghana

No. 3 December 98 - Senegalese Women Remake their Culture
Sound Byte (478K)

No. 2. November 98 - Sustainable Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Agriculture in Zimbabwe's Rural Areas of Matabelel and North and South Provinces

No. 1 October 98 - Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview

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To order the print version of the IK Newsletter contact:

Reinhard Woytek
The World Bank
1818 H St. N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
email: rwoytek@worldbank.org