Since 1991, IDA has supported rural development, education, improving the livability of Ulaanbaatar, ensuring sound management within the mining sector, sustainable infrastructure development in southern Mongolia, environmental protection, policy development and air pollution abatement measures.
The overall goal of the rural program has been to reduce the vulnerability of herders to pastoral risk as well as to protect and extend gains made to provide relief in cases of climate emergencies, micro-finance, telecommunications and social services to rural residents.
Between 2007 and 2013, the Rural Education and Development (READ) Project made learning materials available in rural Mongolia by establishing 3,560 classroom libraries in all 383 rural primary schools. Each school received over 160 books, benefiting a total of 130,000 students. 4,144 rural primary teachers and 383 school directors were trained. A local professional development network has been set up consisting of 95 core schools and 178 mentor teachers.
The Renewable Energy and Rural Electricity Access Project (REAP) helped the Government of Mongolia complete its National 100,000 Solar Ger Electrification Program, which provided over half a million nomadic herders with access to electricity through portable solar home systems. The project also helped fund improvements in soum (district) electrification, including rehabilitating mini-grids and installing renewable energy technology hybrid systems to power them.
In 2006, the Index-Based Livestock Insurance Project was launched initially in four aimags (provinces). In 2010, when another dzud hit Mongolia, it was expanded to cover all 21 aimags. This was the first time such a system was implemented in the world.
The project introduced a new insurance scheme where payments are based on the total number of livestock lost by species and soum (district) rather than on households’ actual, individual losses.
Since the program started, insurance policies have become more and more popular among herders. Every year there is an increase in the number of policies bought.
About 19,500 herders purchased the insurance during the 2013-2014 cycle, an increase of 21% over the past cycle. All herders eligible for compensation got indemnity payments.
From 2005 to 2013, thanks to the Information Communications Infrastructure Development Project (ICIDP) Project:
· All 360 soum centers (villages) in Mongolia have access to modern phone and Internet services.
· 34 soum centers have access to high speed Internet.
· Telephony minutes originated in soum centers increased from 1.2 million per year in 2006 to 56.5 million in 2013.
· Telephony minutes originated in rural areas outside of soum centers increased from almost zero in 2006 to 530,000 a year in 2013.
· The number of Internet users in soum centers increased from 300 in 2006 to 12,000 in 2013.
· The government improved the policy and regulatory environment and promoted investments in ICT in rural areas, which ensured the continued additional annual investment in the ICT sector of the country – annual investment increased from $37.6 million in 2005 to $395 million in 2013.
· A mechanism has been established to collect resources into a fund to finance universal access to telecommunication and Internet services.
The Avian and Human Influenza Control, Preparedness and Response Project strengthened the capacity of Mongolia’s emergency agencies, hospitals and veterinary services to detect and respond to potential outbreaks of infectious diseases, such as an avian and human pandemic influenza (AHI). The project helped set up 22 joint response teams, integrating these organizations across the country. For the first time, the concept of “One Health” --an initiative to forge collaboration between physicians, veterinarians and other scientific and health-related disciplines-- was put into practice in the country.
Last Updated: Apr 12, 2016