Developing Rural Areas and Improving Social Services
The multi-donor, International Development Association (IDA) funded Community Development Program Support Project is an important instrument used in the implementation of the Government’s rural development strategy. The project assists the Government of Cameroon in setting up and implementing a decentralized financing mechanism to ensure participatory community development in rural areas and improve access to basic social services.
The first phase of the Program, approved in 2004, covered six out of the country’s 10 regions. A second phase, approved in June 2009 for $40 million (World Bank financing), expands program activities to all regions and small towns and consolidates the achievements of Phase 1. Overall, the program has generated strong local support from the towns and communities involved.
The project has helped to improve school infrastructure around the country, provided 270,000 people access to potable water, improved access to roads and to basic social services for 20,000 households.
Improving Agricultural Competitiveness
The six-year, $60 million Agricultural Competitiveness Project was approved in 2009 to assist about 40,000 small-scale farmers and farm cooperatives to improve their competitiveness.
Thus far, the project has contributed to increasing production by 109% among targeted rice farmers, and corn production has increased by 112%. Egg production has also significantly intensified, rising from 198 to 273 eggs per chicken per year.
Producer organizations have made good progress in establishing 719 commercial partnerships (712 in November 2013) with suppliers and buyers to get inputs (fertilizers, seeds, small agricultural equipment) and sell their products (maize, rice, poultry, pigs).
With the support of the project, about 101 conventions (80 in November 2013) have been signed between Producer Organizations (POs) and micro-finance institutions to raise a credit of more than 460 million FCFA (440 in November 2013).
Enhancing Regional Trade and Integration
The Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) Transport Transit Facilitation Project is a regional IDA project of $680 million with activities in Cameroon ($409 million – 62%), Chad (5%) and the Central African Republic (33%). This project aims to enhance regional trade and integration as well as subregional cooperation between CEMAC and the Economic Community of Central African States. It envisions providing the landlocked countries of Central African Republic and Chad with better access to the port of Douala by strengthening the CEMAC Customs Union and improving the logistics chain, including road and rail infrastructure, between the port of Douala and the hinterland.
Some 256 km of the Douala–Bangui/Douala–N’Djamena road corridors have been rehabilitated through the project. In addition, the transit time for goods through Douala port has decreased from 15 to seven days. The Customs bond time release improved from 57 days to 12 days in 2014.
Boosting Cameroon’s Electricity Production
The Kribi Gas Power Project, a joint World Bank-IFC project was approved in November 2011, with a committed IDA financing of $82 million. The Kribi Gas Power Project will provide up to 216 MW of capacity that will feed into Cameroon’s Southern Integrated Grid through a 100 km transmission line. The Project triggered the first commercial development of Cameroon’s substantial gas reserves which have the potential to complement Cameroon’s growth from oil, and has been in operation since March 2013.
The project will benefit 163,000 households including in rural areas and make 50 MW of capacity available to Alucam (through a Power Purchase Agreement with AES SONEL) at cost-reflective prices with positive benefits for the economy.
Last Updated: Sep 30, 2014