Human development is at the core of the World Bank’s strategy to improve people’s lives and support sustainable development. The Human Development research program spans education, health, social protection, and labor.
The World Development Report 2018 is the first ever devoted entirely to education. And the timing is excellent: education has long been critical to human welfare, but it is even more so in a time of rapid economic and social change.
We focus on one aspect of quality—effectiveness, or the degree to which patients receive timely and accurate diagnoses and evidence based treatments for their conditions. Other domains of quality, such as patient safety and patient centredness are equally important. However, the effective provision of necessary services is foundational to the performance of health systems; a system that cannot accurately diagnose or manage patients will not deliver the improved health outcomes implicit in the UHC agenda.
The evidence from cash transfer (CT) programs throughout low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and their direct effects on the health and education outcomes of children and adolescents is reviewed in this chapter of Disease Control Priorities (Third Edition), followed by a discussion of the design of CT programs and why and how they could theoretically affect the outcomes of young children and adolescents.
India's 2005 National Rural Employment Guarantee Act creates a justiciable "right to work" by promising up to 100 days of wage employment per year to all rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. This study finds that the scheme is falling well short of its potential impact on poverty in Bihar.
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