Fragility, Conflict, and Violence

We are creating economic opportunities in Niger, Ethiopia, Mali, and Yemen. See how the International Development Association is helping.
© Tomas Sennett/World Bank
World Toilet Day

They risk their lives on the job, facing extreme health hazards and safety risks. A new report identifies ways to improve their wellbeing.
Senzi Dumakude, a member of an eThekwini Municipality sewage blockage crew, in Durban, South Africa. Credit: Nyani Quarmyne/WaterAid
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We engage the development community with real-world statistics

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The number of people practicing open defecation—defecating outside—was cut nearly in half between 2000 and 2017, from 1.3 billion to around 670 million (9% of the global population). In India, open defecation decreased by 55%, from 767 million to 344 million people, but India still had the largest number of people practicing open defecation in 2017, followed by Nigeria and Indonesia. Open defecation contaminates sources of drinking water and spreads diseases such as cholera, diarrhea and dysentery. The World Health Organization estimates that inadequate sanitation causes 432,000 diarrheal deaths annually. Read More


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We provide analysis and advice for developing countries

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We help developing countries find solutions to the toughest global and local development challenges—from adapting to climate change to boosting food security to increasing access to energy.

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