Controlling livestock diseases in Zambia
The World Bank is supporting the Government of Zambia to control livestock diseases of an epidemic nature with the potential to have a negative trans-boundary (regional/international) impact. It is also trying to improve the productivity of smallholders by focusing on selected farm animals, including cattle, sheep, goats, poultry, and pigs. This support includes strengthening local veterinary services and the controls for animal diseases and tackling other identified constraints, as well as supporting productive investment and improving technology transfer and access to advisory services.
The Livestock Development and Animal Health Project has helped about 253,000 smallholders, of which 32% are women, with animal health services and matching grants. Their number is due to reach 390,000 by June 2018. The number of districts with endemic Contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP) has been reduced by more than half—from 18 in 2012 to 7 in 2016. Cattle mortality rates have declined because of vaccination campaigns for CBPP, Foot and Mouth, East Coast Fever, and the cattle population has increased. Closing stock for smallholder cattle was 2.16 million in 2012, and this increased to 2.89 million in 2015 (source, IAPRI).
Improving maternal, neonatal, child health (MNCH), and nutrition in Zambia
In line with improving maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) care and nutrition, as reflected in the government’s National Health Strategic Plan (2011–2016), the World Bank is supporting Zambia to accelerate maternal, neonatal, child health and nutrition outcomes. It also seeks to contribute to strengthening service delivery systems and reduce inequality in five, under-served provinces. The Health Services Improvement Project has contributed to an increase in childbirth deliveries attended to by skilled health providers in project areas, from a baseline of 27% in 2013 to 45% in 2016. The project end target is 57%.
Helping Keep Girls in School
The cost of secondary education remains a constraint in terms of keeping girls in school in Zambia, unlike primary education, for which tuition is free. The cost of secondary education is often prohibitive for the poorest families. In June, 2016, the Government of Zambia launched the $65 million, World Bank-funded Girls’ Education and Women’s Empowerment and Livelihoods (GEWEL) Project.
The project is supporting Zambia to increase its livelihood support for women and to increase secondary education for disadvantaged adolescent girls in extremely poor households in selected districts. It aims to provide 14,000 girls with secondary school bursaries, and 75,000 women with productivity grants to start small businesses.
A year on, the outcome of this intervention is visible. The project is sponsoring 8,669 girls by paying their tuition fees. In Gwembe, a small, rural district a 3-hour drive from Lusaka, the bursary allows girls to go back to school. The project is also in the process of targeting roughly 12,000 women in 11 districts with higher than average poverty rates for the first phase of the livelihoods support intervention.
Sustainable Management of the Nyika Transfrontier Conservation Area
The Nyika Transfrontier Conservation Area, which traverses Malawi and Zambia, has unique natural ecosystems and biodiversity. Nyika National Park has spectacular scenery with the potential to attract significant revenue from nature-based tourism. The area is one of Africa's Centers of Plant Diversity, as well as one of its conservation priorities. It is also an Endemic Bird Area. But various challenges threaten this and limit the chances of sustainable, equitable development for its stakeholder communities.
These challenges include high rates of deforestation, poor management capacity in some protected areas, and extensive poaching. Through the Sustainable Management of the Nyika Transfrontier Conservation Area Project, the World Bank is contributing toward improving the management of the Nyika Transfrontier area by supporting the more effective management of biodiversity in the area.
As result of the support, signs of illegal activity in Nyika National Park have been reduced from 0.22 to 0.11 because 65% of the park area is now being patrolled. The abundance indices of elephants, buffaloes, and zebras have increased: Elephants from 156 to 310, Buffalo 99 to 164, and Zebra 112 to 279.
Supporting Financial inclusion in Zambia
The World Bank is supporting the government to implement the Zambia Financial Inclusion Country Support Program. The Financial Inclusion Country Support Project includes the provision of advisory services, capacity building, and knowledge, as well as convening services for policy and also regulatory reforms to promote financial inclusion that build on existing projects and advisory services. A Country Support Program (CSP) has been developed by the World Bank team in partnership with the Ministry of Finance (MoF), Bank of Zambia (BoZ), the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and the Pensions and Insurance Authority (PIA).
Zambia now has its first National Financial Inclusion Strategy (NFIS), and a well-functioning Secretariat that supports the NFIS implementation.
Strengthening Climate Resilience in Zambia
Zambia's climate is highly vulnerable to climate change, with frequent droughts, seasonal and flash floods, extreme temperatures and dry spells. The frequency of floods and drought has increased over three decades, especially in the Barotse sub-basin in Western Province. They are estimated to be costing the Zambian economic 0.4% in annual economic growth per year. To mitigate the effect of climate change, the Bank is supporting the government to strengthen its institutional framework for climate resilience, and to help improve the adaptive capacity of vulnerable communities in the Barotse sub-basin. A total of 180,000 people are expected to benefit from the project.
The Strengthening Climate Resilience Project has supported improving canals in the floodplains. Thirty-four secondary and tertiary canals have been rehabilitated, providing additional land to over 2,000 households; and (ii) in Mbeta Island of Sioma district, a natural lagoon is helping 66 vulnerable households (57 female-headed) to integrate fish farming, thus diversifying their sources of livelihood and promoting the use of a hitherto untapped resource. For sustainability, a National Standard Norms and Procedures Manual for the operation and maintenance of the canals has been developed.
Last Updated: Oct 12, 2017