Afghanistan’s new government faced a daunting set of economic and social challenges, caused by almost three decades of conflict, when it took over after the Taliban fell in late 2001. The international community stood ready and pledged to support Afghanistan’s new leadership in the reconstruction of the country. With the help of its international friends the Afghan government succeeded in achieving significant progress in key areas and sectors throughout the country.
The government of Afghanistan initiated the Kabul Process in 2010 to further ensure full support to the Afghan leadership and its responsibility for the development of Afghanistan. The Afghan government initiated 23 National Priority Programs (NPPs) covering such areas as governance, service delivery and infrastructure. The government asked donors to align their programs with the NPPs to coordinate and target development efforts in support of principles of aid effectiveness. The government and agreed with donors that at least 80% of donor assistance would be in line with these priorities even while accepting that not all the NPPs, or all components of NPPs, would be fully financed.
The next decade will be critical for Afghanistan. The country will experience a transition from international forces to national forces in the provision of security in 2014. The next decade is viewed as a “Decade of Transformation” as the country moves towards sustainable domestic revenues and economic growth. The continuing support of the international community will be critical to ensure the success of this process.
The ARTF is the largest contributor to the Afghan budget, for both operating costs and development programs. ARTF’s support for NPPs, for operating costs of government operations, and for the policy reform agenda is contributing to the achievement of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy. In addition, the specific objectives of ARTF are to:
- Position the national budget as the key vehicle to align the reconstruction program with national development objectives;
- Promote transparency and accountability of reconstruction assistance;
- Reduce the burden on limited government capacity while promoting capacity-building over time;
- Enhance donor coordination for financing and policy dialogue.
ARTF support has contributed to improving the lives of millions of Afghans across the country, including in the areas of health, education, rural development, and public finance management.
Direct beneficiaries under ARTF projects: The approximate current number of beneficiaries of the ARTF is 7.9 million people for all the projects, not including the National Solidarity Program (NSP), with 38% female beneficiaries. NSP is currently reaching 21 million beneficiaries, of which 35% are female.
Today’s Increase in Access to Basic Services:
- Access to Education: 7,700,000 (38% female)
- Access to Electricity: 3,200,000
- Access to Roads: 5,700,000
- Access to Water and Sanitation Services: 4,800,000
Today’s Access to Livelihoods and Jobs:
- Access to employment: 1,596 EG members and 1,208 NIMA graduates (30% female)
- Access to short-term employment: 38.5 million labor days
- Access to savings and enterprise support: 35,231 (50% female)
- Access to agricultural and/or irrigation services: 178,000 (50% female)/ 3,300,000