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Tokyo Development Learning Center (TDLC)


TDLC is delivering various knowledge products in collaboration with Japanese and global partners as well as relevant teams and Global Practices in the World Bank. The materials document Japanese development approaches in specific thematic areas with the ultimate goal of applying them to Bank operations in developing countries.


What a Waste 2.0

A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050

By 2050, the world is expected to generate 3.40 billion tons of waste annually, increasing drastically from today’s 2.01 billion tons. What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050 aggregates extensive solid waste data at the national and urban levels. It estimates and projects waste generation to 2030 and 2050. Beyond the core data metrics from waste generation to disposal, the report provides information on waste management costs, revenues, and tariffs; special wastes; regulations; public communication; administrative and operational models; and the informal sector.


Case Study: Yokohama

Reinventing the Future of a City

The intent of the two competitive cities case studies is to highlight what institutions and strategies successful cities have relied on to spur economic development, under what conditions such success has occurred, and what lessons of this experience might be applicable to decision makers in other cities. 


Case Study: Kobe

Creative Reconstruction

The Kobe Case highlights important lessons both on the reconstruction of the city after a devastating earthquake devising ambitious new designs for devastated areas and building a life sciences cluster in the modern era.


Cultural Heritage, Sustainable Tourism and Urban Regeneration

Capturing Lessons and Experience from Japan with a Focus on Kyoto

The World Bank Group (WBG) has long recognized that the restoration and preservationof cultural heritage, urban regeneration, and sustainable tourism can play a vital role in developing countries’ efforts to promote local economic development, accelerate social integration, and alleviate poverty. Against this backdrop, this research report sheds light on lessons learned from the development experience of Kyoto City, the imperial capital of Japan for more than a thousand years and home to 14 well conserved UNESCO World Heritage sites and many historic districts.


Kitakyushu Model Subsector

Interplay between Solid Waste and Urban Flood

The Kitakyushu Model is a methodology developed in Kitakyushu City, Japan to provide appropriate solutions for environmental challenges to pursue sustainable urban development. It strives to be a methodology that allows cities to easily apply sustainability more broadly and in a holistic fashion, beyond isolated projects and individual advice. The objective of this piece is to enhance the current Kitakyushu Model by adding a subsector on the linkage between solid waste management and disaster risk management, particularly flood events.


Case Studies on Territorial Development in Japan

Tokyo Development Learning Center Policy Paper Series,no. 2

Word War second left Japan crippled, affecting its economy, governance, demography, settlements, social well-being, and others. However, Japan used this as an opportunity to restructure itself to become a progressive, balanced, and well-rounded country. Spatial or territorial development is critical to national economic transformation. It is supported by and simultaneously impacts economic, social, demographic, institutional, and administrative reforms. 



What a Waste 2.0

Sameh Wabha (Global Director, WB) and Silpa Kaza (Urban Specialist, WB) discuss the three messages of What a Waste 2.0 report.

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