Government officials, development managers and civil society are increasingly
aware of the value of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of development
activities. M&E provides a better means of learning from past experience,
improving service delivery, planning and allocating resources, and demonstrating
results as part of accountability to key stakeholders. Yet there is
often confusion about what M&E entails. This booklet therefore presents
a sample of M&E tools, methods and approaches, including several
data collection methods, analytical frameworks, and types of evaluation
and review. For each of these, a summary is provided of the following:
their purpose and use; advantages and disadvantages; costs, skills,
and time required; and key references. The booklet discusses:
framework (logframe) approach
and cost-effectiveness analysis
This second edition of the M&E booklet includes an expanded discussion
of various types of impact evaluation. The booklet is available in English,
French, Portuguese, and Spanish.
and Evaluation (M&E): Some Tools, Methods and Approaches
publication is Influential
Evaluations: Evaluations that Improved the Performance and Impacts of
Development Programs. This provides 8 case studies of evaluations
and reviews which have had a significant impact. For many of these,
it has been possible to compare the costs of conducting the evaluation
and the economic benefits produced, and to show that the evaluation
was a highly cost-effective tool for improving program management and
for supporting government resource allocation decisions. The publication
provides a summary of lessons learned about how to ensure evaluations
are utilized intensively. A companion volume, in preparation, presents
the 8 case studies and utilization lessons in more detail.
Evaluations: Evaluations that Improved the Performance and Impacts
of Development Programs
Evaluations: Detailed Case Studies This companion volume
discusses 8 case studies in depth. It presents key lessons about how
to design evaluations which are influential.
Related publications are available from IEG's
website on evaluation capacity development.
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