Sustainable development recognizes that growth must be both inclusive and environmentally sound to reduce poverty and build shared prosperity for today’s population and to continue to meet the needs of future generations. It must be efficient with resources and carefully planned to deliver immediate and long-term benefits for people, planet, and prosperity.
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Water loss, and its operational and financial consequences, is a major concern for urban water utilities in the Mediterranean region. Losses, both physical and commercial, are due to leakages and the ... Show More +failure to bill customers for the full amount of water they use. A combination of these two factors puts the financial viability of water utilities at risk.In countries already coping with water scarcity, the burden of water loss often leads to rationing and intermittent supply. As climate change exacerbates the problem—threatening the supply of renewable water and increasing the cost of new water resources—reducing losses from leaky pipes and under-billing, is becoming a priority for water utilities in the Mediterranean and throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.Malta, situated at the very center of the Mediterranean, provides a remarkable illustration of how major water resources challenges can be successfully overcome. The island has one of the lowest rates of renewable water supplies in the MENA region, at 100 m3 per capita per year. It also stands in the top ten countries with the highest population density, alongside Gaza, Bahrain, Hong Kong and Singapore.Several decades ago, Malta became one of the first countries in the region to invest in desalination plants but, in the 1990s, as new plants were being built to meet increasing demand, it became clear that demand for water was fast outstripping its supply.The Water Services Corporation (WSC), Malta’s national water utility, turned its attention to water loss instead, initiating an aggressive program that achieved significant results. In addition to state-of-the-art concepts and technology for monitoring and reducing leakages, the WSC also put in place a program to optimize energy consumption at its desalination plants, reducing average energy consumption from 6-7 to 4.5 kWh/m3. Show Less -
1. Отчет фазы II Технико-экономической оценки (ТЭО): Исполнительное резюмеCoyne Et Bellier2. Отчет фазы II Технико-экономической оценки (ТЭО): Том 1. РезюмеCoyne Et Bellier3. Отчет фазы II Т... Show More +ехнико-экономической оценки (ТЭО): Том 3. Инженерия и проектированиеCoyne Et Bellier4. Отчет фазы II Технико-экономической оценки (ТЭО): Исследования по моделированию эксплуатации водохранилищаCoyne Et Bellier5. Отчет фазы II Технико-экономической оценки (ТЭО): Исследования по моделированию эксплуатации водохранилища (Приложения)Coyne Et Bellier6. Отчет по Оценке экологического и социального воздействия. Том I: ТекстPoyry Energy Ltd.7. Отчет по Оценке экологического и социального воздействия. Том II: ПриложенияPoyry Energy Ltd.8. Отчет по Оценке экологического и социального воздействия. Том III: План по управлению окружающей и социальной средойPoyry Energy Ltd.9. Заключительный отчет Группы экспертов по инженерно-техническим вопросам и вопросам безопасности плотины проекта Рогунской ГЭС10. Заключительный отчет Группы экспертов по экологическим и социальным вопросам11. Отчет о Пятой серии мероприятий для обмена информацией и консультаций по Оценочным исследованиям предлагаемого проекта Рогунской ГЭС с представителями стран речного бассейнаВсемирный банк12. Ключевые вопросы для дальнейшего рассмотрения предлагаемого проекта Рогунской ГЭСВсемирный банк Show Less -
1. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Executive SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier2. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier3. Techno-Economic Assessmen... Show More +t Study (TEAS), Phase II : Design CriteriaBy Coyne Et Bellier4. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir OperationBy Coyne Et Bellier5. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir Operation (Annexes)By Coyne Et Bellier6. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume I: TextBy Poyry Energy Ltd.7. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume II: AnnexesBy Poyry Energy Ltd.8. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume III: Environmental and Social Management PlanBy Poyry Energy Ltd.9. Final Report of the Engineering and Dam Safety Panel of Experts10. Final Report of the Environmental and Social Panel of Experts11. Report on the 5th Riparian Information-Sharing and Consultation ProcessBy World Bank12. Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower ProjectBy World Bank Show Less -
Infrastructure is central to meeting both investment for growth and inclusion challenges. But Nepal’s infrastructural challenges are formidable. Necessary investment would need to address both a quant... Show More +ity and quality deficiency, particularly in transport and energy. A minimum reform agenda would include:(i) Unlocking Nepal’s hydro-potential: Focusing on core bottlenecks that currently hold back public and private investment will be needed. This includes putting NEA on a sound financial footing, enhancing the policy framework to provide appropriate incentives to private investors, and enhancing policies for the compensation of affected persons.(ii) Expanding connectivity within Nepal and with its neighbors: This would require improving the efficiency of spending on transport infrastructure through more attention on maintenance and better coordination across implementing agencies, as well as greater focus on transformational interventions, such as the Fast Track (Kathmandu-Terai) project.(iii) Improving the supply of water and sanitation services: This would involve a two pronged approach to improve the sustainability of rural water supply schemes and incentivizing urban providers to deliver better services.Inclusion Show Less -
In the past few years, China has seen millions of rural workers migrating to cities seeking employment. Numbers reached 269 million in 2013 – a figure that is expected to rise progressively in the for... Show More +eseeable future.This switch has exposed the troubles farmers are facing in making the shift to urban labor markets. Migrant workers are relatively poorly educated, with the majority lacking skills to make them suitable candidates in city job markets. To overcome this issue, the World Bank-supported Rural Migrant Skills Development and Employment Project was established in the provinces of Ningxia, Anhui and Shandong, giving rural migrants better access to skills development opportunities and providing them with employment services and worker protection.Skills developmentIn rural Ningxia, the land is barren and the climate harsh. With this environment, as less arable land becomes available, more people are in need of non-agricultural jobs.And in such a mountainous and remote region, it is unrealistic for members of the community to go to formal training schools. So the local government decided to bring vocational training to the peoples’ doorstep – using a vehicle that doubles as a mobile classroom.The vehicle travels from village to village and is designed to meet the needs of local people, with a variety of training from making ethnic clothing to cooking Muslim food (Ningxia has China’s largest Muslim community).Ma Haihua, a villager in Huangdubao County, Ningxia, has gone from a student in the mobile classroom to a restaurant owner.She learned how to use spices, make cold dishes, cut potato, and stir-fry mutton. The cooking course was, for her, a life-changing experience.When she was engaged in farming, her annual income was 3,000-4,000 yuan. After she opened a restaurant that specializes in local Muslim cuisine, her earnings grew to 70,000-80,000 yuan a year.With her improved lifestyle, Ma bought a car and built a new house. “With this restaurant, I have money and can support my entire family like never before,” she said with a broad smile.In Guyuan county, Ma Shijie returned home to attend the free skills training offered by the government after spending a few years doing menial jobs on construction sites in cities.He is now learning how to operate an excavator.“I like the training. It makes me feel upbeat,” said Ma. “Some of my friends who worked as excavators could earn as much as 8,000 yuan a month. Before, I could only do odd jobs, like mixing cement or carrying bricks and earned 3,000 yuan a month at the most.”Ningxia is home to more than two million Muslims. It is part of their tradition to learn Arabic and study the Koran, the holy book of Islam.As China strengthened its economic and trade ties with Arab countries in recent years, mastery of Arabic now also means better chances in the job market.To make the training courses more relevant to market needs, the government also helps Arabic schools extend their curriculum from language and Islamic culture to a more comprehensive vocational education. A key part of this initiative is the field of business and trade. With World Bank support, a set of Arabic trade and business service training materials have been developed and are now in use. They cover international trade, law, business etiquette as well as communication. Show Less -