The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to help improve people's lives and achieve shared prosperity in a variety of ways, including through financial lending and analytical and advisory services. Our work aims to help countries achieve better competitiveness, more inclusive growth, and to adapt to climate change and improve energy efficiency.
Read More »
“We have to report on (wildlife and habitats), but not only report on them but to preserve them. And if you want to preserve something, you have to know where it is and what you should do to pre... Show More +serve it,” says Matija Frankovic, of Croatia’s State Institute for Nature Protection.Under the ecological data system, he says, tens of thousands of Croatia’s animals, birds, fish, and plants are being documented and categorized, with a focus on how to prevent the country’s dwindling species from disappearing altogether.A rare breed of indigenous cattle and several other animal species are listed by the ecological data system as endangered and in need of protection on the marshlands where they live and roam in Croatia’s Gajna Natural Park. Show Less -
The report, entitled “Evaluation of the EU-Turkey Customs Union,” was funded by the European Commission and highlights the impacts on trade and investment since the agreement’s implemen... Show More +tation in 1995.“We have 72 billion US dollars of goods exported from Turkey to the European Union and half of it is generated by European countries and their companies which have investments in place in Turkey,” says Cetin Nuhoglu, President of the International Transporters’ Association which represents the Turkish international road freight transportation sector.The Customs Union evaluation finds that both Turkey and the EU enjoy higher trade under the Customs Union than they would under a free trade agreement. But, despite the dramatic increases in bilateral trade, the report shows that changes in the global economy have exposed needs that the Customs Union must now address.“The European Union is signing lots of free trade agreements with different countries, but these countries are not signing FTA’s with Turkey,” says Mustafa Mente, Secretary General of the Turkish Exporters Assembly, an umbrella association providing services to nearly 60,000 export companies.“These countries are able to reach Turkish markets without any customs duty, and without any quotas, but Turkish companies are facing high customs duties,” Mente adds.Specifically, the evaluation shows the need to formalize parallel negotiations on Free Trade Agreements with third countries, as well as the need to expand the trade arrangement beyond most industrial goods to include agriculture and services.The report also looks at challenges to greater trade between Turkey and the EU, including transport quotas, business visas, and trade defense instruments – and makes recommendations about how to overcome existing obstacles.“Whenever we talk about the need to improve the Customs Union, our stance is not only about advocating for the interests of Turkey. It is advocating for the interests of Europe as well,” says Can Baydarol, a Turkish Expert on trade with the EU.The evaluation concludes with a simple message: improvements to the EU Turkey Customs Union – designed to adapt to the growth in global trade, the increasing role of emerging market economies and the EU’s eastward expansion – would help both parties. Show Less -
The report, Uzbekistan: Modernizing Tertiary Education, explores various facets of this system – from why the tertiary education system matters and how it contributes to the economy to how it is manag... Show More +ed and what can be done to modernize and improve this system – in an effort to better link the supply of employee skills to the demands of the country’s evolving labor market through improved access to quality education.Overall, the report looks at several key areas of intervention to help bridge this gap in the coming years, recommending the development of a comprehensive medium-term strategy to improve tertiary education in the country. Crucial to this strategy will be expanding equitable access to education for all and allowing for greater autonomy among individual universities in enrolling students in line with market demand. These changes will also require improvements to overall governance by increasing transparency in choosing university leaders and the deployment of a modern Higher Education Management Information System (HEMIS).Finally, significant resources will need to be made available in order to implement key reforms and improve the tertiary education system in Uzbekistan. While Uzbekistan currently spends approximately 8% of GDP on education, only 0.4% of this spending is directed toward tertiary education, one of the lowest expenditures in the world. In addition to boosting spending in this area, policymakers in the country must also consider reforms that emphasize the rationalization of stipends, increases in teacher salaries, and linking pay and performance.With economic growth continuing to lead to significant changes to Uzbekistan’s labor force and overall economic landscape, policymakers in the country are now being tasked with ensuring that labor market demands are met in order to maximize the benefits of this impressive growth. By focusing on reforms in the education sector - particularly increased access to tertiary education and financial reform - these policymakers can go a long way toward building a future for the country that is based on a highly trained and educated population putting skills they learned at university to work – benefitting employees, employers, and the economy of Uzbekistan as a whole.___________________________Download the infographics in Uzbek and Russian languages (PDF):Tertiary Education in Uzbekistan: Uzbek | RussianRecommendations for Improving Tertiary Education System: Uzbek | Russian Show Less -
This brief summarizes the updates from
the 2014 paper entitled, The Impact of Vocational Training
for the Unemployed : Experimental Evidence from Turkey,
conducted ... Show More +between between 2010 and 2011 in Turkey. A
randomized experiment is used to evaluate a large-scale,
active labor market policy: Turkey's vocational
training programs for the unemployed. A detailed follow-up
survey of a large sample with low attrition enables precise
estimation of treatment impacts and their heterogeneity. The
average impact of training on employment is positive, but
close to zero and statistically insignificant, which is much
lower than either program officials or applicants expected.
Over the first year after training, the paper finds that
training had statistically significant effects on the
quality of employment and that the positive impacts are
stronger when training is offered by private providers.
However, longer-term administrative data show that after
three years these effects have also dissipated. Show Less -
1. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Executive SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier2. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier3. Techno-Economic Assessmen... Show More +t Study (TEAS), Phase II : Design CriteriaBy Coyne Et Bellier4. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir OperationBy Coyne Et Bellier5. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir Operation (Annexes)By Coyne Et Bellier6. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume I: TextBy Poyry Energy Ltd.7. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume II: AnnexesBy Poyry Energy Ltd.8. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume III: Environmental and Social Management PlanBy Poyry Energy Ltd.9. Final Report of the Engineering and Dam Safety Panel of Experts10. Final Report of the Environmental and Social Panel of Experts11. Report on the 5th Riparian Information-Sharing and Consultation ProcessBy World Bank12. Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower ProjectBy World Bank Show Less -