Vietnam’s shift from a centrally planned to a market economy has transformed the country from one of the poorest in the world into a lower middle-income country. Vietnam now is one of the most dynamic emerging countries in East Asia region.
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World Bank Group contributionIDA has provided US$150 million in assistance for the series.PartnersThe Government of Vietnam, through the Higher Education Program Unit (which ceased to operate in 2013)... Show More + and the Department of Higher Education in the Ministry of Education and Training moved the Program forward consistently, ensuring the availability of timely and reliable data.Moving forwardThe policy environment in which both the Ministry of Education and Training and the education institutions have been operating is constantly evolving in a positive direction towards the vision put forward in the Higher Education Reform Agenda. The ministry has also demonstrated strong commitment in further developing the legal framework which governs the work in this sub sector. A draft of a governmental decree on higher education institutions stratification and ranking has been produced, and the first batch of four universities have been granted complete autonomy in financial management.Beneficiaries“The Higher Education Law has enabled us to attract and appoint high quality faculty and researchers. We now have complete autonomy on academic matters including training programs and student enrolment which has enabled us to significantly expand the partnership with industries and international partners in improving the quality of teaching and research and in diversifying sources of funding for the university.” – Associate Prof. Dr Hoang Minh Son, Vice President, Hanoi University of Science and Technology“The major transfer of decision making authority from the Ministry of Education and Training to HEIs helps us focus on our stewardship role while empowering HEIs in taking autonomous decisions concerning their academic, governance and quality assurance matters. They are the ones who will bring about changes in the sector responding to changing demands of industries and society” – Associate Prof. Dr Bui Anh Tuan, Former Director General, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education and Training Show Less -
Manila – June 18, 2015 - Asian countries are making a vital contribution to achieving global sustainable energy goals, a new World Bank report finds. But while the region performs strongly on ensuring... Show More + electricity access for people and using more modern renewable energy, there is room for further improvement on energy efficiency and access to clean, smoke-free cooking.The report is the second in a series that tracks the world’s progress toward the three goals of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative—universal energy access, doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency and doubling the share of renewable energy by 2030.While the first edition from 2013 measured progress between 1990 and 2010, this edition focuses on the 2010-2012 period.Asia accounted for about 60 percent of the global progress on energy access and clean energy objectives during 2010-2012—according to the report titled “Progress Toward Sustainable Energy: Global Tracking Framework 2015”—contributing well beyond its share of global population and energy consumption.Asia’s performance on expanding modern renewable energy (from sources like solar, wind and geothermal) was particularly strong. Whereas globally, consumption of modern renewable energy grew by 4 percent per annum during 2010-2012, in Asia that growth was almost twice as fast at close to 8 percent.Asia also moved rapidly to expand access to electricity for its citizens growing the population with electricity by 0.9 percent annually over the tracking period 2010-2012, well ahead of the global rate of 0.6 percent.And while the global population with access to clean, modern cooking fuels actually fell during 2010-2012, Asia showed a modest improvement in access, but still far short of what is needed.However, Asia’s progress on reducing the energy intensity of its economies with a compound annual growth rate of 1.3 percent annually—a commonly used measure of energy efficiency—lagged behind the global average of 1.7 percent.Some of Asia’s larger economies are critical to the global effort to reach Sustainable Energy for All. The report highlights some strong performances during the 2010-2012 tracking period including:India, Philippines and Bangladesh were the strongest performers on electricity access and added around 4 percentage points to electricity access rates.Vietnam and Indonesia were particularly strong on access to clean, modern cooking fuels, and added around 3-4 percentage points to their access rates.Japan and Indonesia stood out in reducing their energy intensity (commonly used as an indicator of energy efficiency) by a compound annual growth rate of around 5 percent.Australia and China increased their renewable energy shares by about 1 percentage point each.On a global basis, the report found that 222 million people worldwide got access to electricity between 2010 and 2012, still leaving 1.1 billion people without access to energy. Meanwhile, 2.9 billion people are still using biomass fuels like wood and dung. Most of this population is in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and eastern Asia.Also, while the world avoided using as much energy in 2012 as Japan used the same year, the report says energy intensity must decline at least 50 percent faster to achieve the SE4All energy efficiency goal.Global consumption of modern renewable energy accelerated by 4 percent per year between 2010 and 2012, but must be closer to 8 percent—two times the current rate—to reach the SE4All renewable energy goal.“We are heading in the right direction to end energy poverty,” said Anita Marangoly George, Senior Director of the World Bank’s Energy and Extractives Global Practice, “but we are still far from the finish line. We will need to work a lot harder especially to mobilize much larger investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency. Leveraging public finance to mobilize private capital is imperative in achieving these goals.”The Sustainable Energy for All Global Tracking Framework is produced jointly by the World Bank’s Energy and Extractives Global Practice, the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), and the International Energy Agency, and is supported by 20 other partner organizations and agencies. Show Less -