Vietnam’s shift from a centrally planned to a market economy has transformed the country from one of the poorest in the world into a lower middle-income country. Vietnam now is one of the most dynamic emerging countries in East Asia region.
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WASHINGTON, D.C., May 29, 2015 — The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today approved a loan of US$124 million to improve the performance and efficiency of public transport in a high-pri... Show More +ority corridor in Ho Chi Minh City.The city, Vietnam’s principal economic hub, generates one-fifth of Vietnam’s gross domestic product. Along with its surrounding region, Ho Chi Minh City accounts for almost half of Vietnam’s total manufacturing output.“To ensure continued strong economic performance and achieve Vietnam’s goal of successfully transitioning to middle-income status, the national government is seeking to address infrastructure constraints as one of its key strategic direction,” said Arturo Ardila-Gomez, the World Bank’s Project Team Leader. “Given HCMC’s pivotal role in the national economy, the project focuses on upgrading a key transport corridor to demonstrate the potential of a sustainable urban transport system.”The project will finance the development of a Bus Rapid Transit corridor between An Lac in the southwest and Rach Chiec in the northeast, following the Vo Van Kiet and Mai Chi Tho Boulevards, stretching about 23 kilometers, with 28 stations.The system, once completed, will be able to transport up to 28,300 passengers a day. Its design aims to address the needs of women, children and people with disabilities. Design features include keeping all bus and station doors at the same level, making it easier for passengers to board and exit buses and load strollers and other carriers.Stations will have low-slope ramps for wheelchair access, making it easier for people with disabilities. In addition, the project will finance at least 28 buses that will run on compressed natural gas, a cleaner fuel that reduces emissions and pollution.The project also seeks to show the advantages of Bus Rapid Transit and help city authorities prepare for the implementation of a proposed six-line network and lay a foundation for HCMC to build the institutions needed to run an integrated public transport system in the future.The future metro, tramway, BRT, and bus lines will need to be coordinated to provide users with an integrated service that makes travel convenient. This integration implies, among others, a unified fare structure integrating stations and stops of different modes, so that transfers are as seamless and convenient as possible.By building up the capacity of HCMC’s existing institutions to handle urban transport regulation, management and operations, the project will pave the way for the eventual establishment of a unified citywide Public Transport Authority, which would coordinate strategy, services and fares across all public transport modes.The Project has a total cost of US$ 137.45 million and will be financed by an International Development Association credit equivalent to US$124.0 million. The remaining investment will be co-financed by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (US$ 13.45 million). The IDA credit will have a maturity of 25 years, including a grace period of five years. Show Less -
IDA Credit: US$124.0 million equivalentTerms: Maturity = 25 years, Grace = 5 yearsProject ID: P126507Project Description: The objective of the project is to increase the access to job opportunities an... Show More +d urban services for citizens residing in the southwestern side of the city and other adjacent areas. It aims to help develop a public transport system that can become an efficient travel alternative to those populations, which will generate fewer emissions and is safer, more secure, more efficient, and integrated with land development along the corridor and the proposed metro lines. Show Less -
MÉRIDA, MEXICO, May 27, 2015—The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) will work with the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) to deliver targeted technical assistance that will h... Show More +elp developing and middle-income countries integrate large shares of wind and solar energy into their electricity grids.The price of wind and solar inputs has dropped substantially in recent years, and these energy sources are becoming cost-competitive with coal and gas for electricity generation in some markets. Over 144 countries have set renewable energy targets, and more than 100 have already enacted policies or measures to promote the use of renewables. Since 2011, over half of net capacity additions in the global power sector have come from new renewable energy deployment.However, the prospect of meeting a sizeable share of electricity demand through wind and solar also requires expansion and modernization of electricity grids, as well as significant changes to policies and operational practices. There is tremendous demand for technical assistance to help countries make the transition to a “renewable-friendly” grid.CEM and the World Bank will work together to meet this demand by leveraging CEM’s wide-ranging technical expertise to support a new ESMAP initiative. The ESMAP Variable Renewable Energy Integration Program helps countries develop capacity for long-term grid planning, market design, renewable energy pricing, development of rules of access to electricity grids, and strengthening of the electricity dispatch and transport infrastructure. Countries participating in this initiative will now have access to technical experts, knowledge and resources through CEM’s 21st Century Power Partnership (21CPP) and Clean Energy Solutions Center. The services provided will help countries address immediate issues and increase their capacity for longer-term policy and investment planning. “Technical assistance is critical for developing the policies, targeted investments and infrastructure that make the transition to renewable-friendly grids possible,” said Anita Marangoly George, Senior Director of the World Bank’s Energy and Extractives Global Practice. “The World Bank and the Clean Energy Ministerial can bring together technical expertise, country engagement and financing to help facilitate this transition.”Together, the ESMAP and CEM initiatives will work to deliver the most advanced knowledge—from technical integration of VRE and smart grids to harmonized policy and regulatory frameworks—that will draw from the experiences of vanguard countries already managing high percentages of wind and solar penetration. The Clean Energy Solutions Center will provide just-in-time technical assistance to policy makers participating in the ESMAP initiative through its “Ask-An-Expert” service.Opportunities will also be identified to hold clean energy workshops and webinars to provide cooperative training for policy makers in participating countries. Additionally, ESMAP donors and the United States will support ESMAP by sending technical experts to play key roles in the Variable Renewable Energy Integration initiative. ”Accelerating clean energy deployment while maintaining reliability and affordability is an area of significant research and innovation in the United States and other countries around the world,” said Jonathan Elkind, Principal Assistant Secretary for International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Energy. “We are excited that through this partnership we can directly apply this knowledge to help other countries more effectively scale up their share of renewables."This collaboration will expand the work of 21CPP on grid integration already underway through multi-year technical assistance programs in India, Mexico, and South Africa. The ESMAP initiative, although still in its early stages, is already evaluating proposals for support in Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Honduras, Haiti, Morocco, Ukraine, India, Philippines, Seychelles, South Africa and Vietnam. The 21st Century Power Partnership is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial focused on power sector transformation and grid integration of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and smart grid technologies. For more information and to view reports and publications, visit http://www.21stcenturypower.org/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.The Clean Energy Solutions Center, an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial, provides no-cost policy assistance, training, and tools to help governments, advisors, and analysts create policies and programs that advance the deployment of clean energy technologies. The Solutions Center is co-led and co-funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through support from the U.S. Department of State and the Australian Department of Industry and Science. For more information, visit www.cleanenergysolutions.org.The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP), a multi-donor technical assistance trust fund program administered by the World Bank, helps countries increase their knowledge and institutional capacity to achieve environmentally sustainable energy solutions for poverty reduction and economic growth. For more information, please visit www.esmap.org. Show Less -
Launch of report on financing Vietnam’s effective response to climate changeHanoi, 21 MAY 2015 – Vietnam needs to strengthen its response to climate change by including strategic investments toward a ... Show More +low-carbon future in its planning and budgeting strategy for coming years, according to a new government report, led by Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) and supported by the World Bank and U.N. Development Program (UNDP).The Climate Public Expenditure and Investment Review (CPEIR) released today calls for Vietnam to develop a concrete action plan to bolster its efforts to ensure a climate-resilient future.In particular, the report said immediate actions to strengthen Vietnam’s climate change response should be part of the next 5-year Socio-Economic Development Plan and beyond.The report was released during a Launching Ceremony on financing Vietnam’s response to climate change that was moderated by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, with representatives from the Ministries of Planning and Investment, Finance, Natural Resources and Environment and other ministries, and various provinces, as well as development agencies. It proposes short- and long-term initiatives to further mainstream climate change into Vietnam’s policy, planning and budget cycle, and to better identify priority investments and activities to strengthen the country’s climate change response.In particular, the proposed initiatives focus on immediate actions to determine strategic priorities for the socio-economic development plan and the planning, budgeting and financing cycle as well as ways to better formulate policy, strengthen institutions and coordinate implementation to support specific climate change responses and funding.“Mainstreaming climate change into the budget will strengthen Vietnam’s resilience against the impacts of a warming world, make communities less vulnerable, and tackle the emissions challenge as Vietnam continues its journey toward a greener, resilient and prosperous future,” said Victoria Kwakwa, the World Bank Country Director for Vietnam. “The options proposed by the report, if implemented, will help Vietnam achieve this goal by further embedding the climate change agenda into the government’s planning and budgeting systems.”While rapid economic growth has created opportunities for people and businesses in Vietnam, increasing evidence shows climate change threatens the country’s development progress. At the same time, Vietnam’s greenhouse gas emissions and overall carbon intensity have significantly increased as a result of the economic expansion.“Governments across the world are responding to climate change by strengthening their budgeting and planning systems and improving the quality of their public spending,” said Louise Chamberlain, Country Director for UNDP in Vietnam. This report helps accelerate the country’s transition to a low-carbon economy and enables the Government to make decisions that help the most vulnerable people who are on the front-line of climate change.”The government of Vietnam already dedicates a significant amount of spending toward climate change activities and has established a political agenda through climate change and green growth strategies and action plans. However, the agenda has not realized its full potential, bottlenecks exist, and some important activities remain underfunded or not funded at all. Show Less -
Vice-Minister Nguyen The Phuong, Ladies and Gentlemen, It is my honor to be here today to discuss the findings and recommendations of the Climate Public Expenditure and Investment Review (CPEIR) ... Show More +which was requested by the Government. It has been a pleasure working with Ministries and Provinces, and in particular MPI, while jointly carrying out this review in cooperation with UNDP. We are confident that the Review will help ensure a strong response to climate change and green growth in Vietnam.The existing policy and institutional architecture in Vietnam is a good foundation for a sustainable climate change and green growth response that will show results in both the short-term and long-term. Vietnam is part of a vanguard of countries that have launched a progressive climate change response, and aim to dedicate significant resources to a comprehensive response. The government is making every efforts to ensure that those resources fully meet the demand, and that they are implemented effectively and in a manner where climate policy, activities and budgets are aligned.Knowing what expenses and investment are dedicated to the climate and green growth response will be essential to ensure strategic allocations and effective execution of priorities. This will mean enhancing coherence across sector policies and programs by fostering a link between the state budget across all sources of funds and climate change and green growth policies, and reporting and measuring the extent to which the GoV’s institutional capability meets Vietnam’s needs for successful climate change response.The report provides information for decision making, a model of how to use the budget process for identifying, planning and tracking climate change and expenditure. It also offers a basis to integrate climate change and green growth into the selection and appraisal processes for domestic and foreign investment. All these add value to the development of the Government’s climate change and green growth resource planning and mobilization.Through the execution of the recommendations, the government will be able to strengthen the initial phase of the implementation of Vietnam’s key climate change and green growth policies. A first step in this process will be to ensure mainstreaming of the climate change response in the formulation of the five-year Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) for 2016–2020, and the GoV’s state budget estimate. This would set the stage for a significant shift toward green investments across all sectors and provinces in Vietnam.We are pleased that this review will be instrumental in informing the government’s planning and financing for climate change and green growth, thus making smart investments for Vietnam’s sustainable future.Together with other partners, the World Bank is committed to help strengthening Vietnam’s resilience against the impacts of a warming world, making communities less vulnerable, and tackling the emissions challenge as Vietnam continues its journey towards a greener and more prosperous future. Show Less -
Results- All 39 reports of suspected highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) cases in poultry reported and fully investigated in 2014. - Reporting time of ne... Show More +w outbreaks and return of laboratory confirmation to the affected commune was reduced for both veterinary and health sectors from 8.7 days for veterinary and 10 days for human health in 2006 to 2.4 and 3.4 respectively in 2014- Fatality rate of human H5N1 cases was reduced in all 11 provinces. By June 2014, all 44 provincial hospitals and 124 district hospitals have developed their preparedness plans for an influenza pandemic.- Eight laboratories were provided with equipment and staff trained for ISO 17025 standards for AI testing.- 87 District Preventive Medicine Centers in 11 provinces fully equipped and have adequate capacity to implement their responsibilities and functions in compliance with MOH decisions on Preventive Medicine.- 68 cross sector simulation exercises were organized by 2014 for key stakeholders: people's committees, animal and human health workers, army, police, youth and women unions to promote coordination and labor division- Good biosecurity practices were applied by all poultry traders in Ha Vy wholesale live bird market and in 76 upgraded markets and slaughterhouses in the 11 provinces- 98.8% of target population can accurately identify and practice at least one key preventive behaviors- 69,012 health staff were trained, more than three times the level initially envisaged- The communication program reached 367 primary schools and more than 500,000 students. Show Less -