After four decades of little or not growth, the Jamaican economy is expected to grow at 1-2% over the medium term. The country is confronted by serious social issues that predominantly affect youth, such as high levels of crime and violence and high unemployment.
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ResultsThe following results were achieved under the Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project.Prevention91% of female sex workers reporting condom use with their most recent client (target: maintain more than 90%).59.2%... Show More + of female sex workers who received HIV testing in the last 12 months and who know the results (target: 50%).40,445 female sex workers and 22,145 men who have sex with men reached through prevention activities (target: FSW 14,955; MSM 14,059).19% of prison inmates reached through prevention activities (target: 15%)Treatment, Care, and Support10,469 men, women and children with advanced HIV receiving antiretroviral combination therapy according to national guidelines (target: 9,000)85.8% of HIV positive pregnant women receiving a complete course of antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (target: maintain more than or equal to 80%)1.4% of infants born to HIV infected mothers who are also HIV infected (target: less than 5.0%)More than 95% Show Less -
ResultsThrough the establishment and operation of the CCRIF Caribbean countries’ financial vulnerability to earthquakes and hurricanes has been reduced:The trust fund successfully supported CCRIF’s establishment... Show More + and operations by reimbursing it for major operational expenses, reinsurance costs, and claims paid within its risk retention during its first four years. MDTF support enabled CCRIF to retain more of its premium income than would otherwise have been possible, thus accelerating its trajectory towards becoming a financially sustainable, self-standing insurance provider. For 2011-2012, CCRIF had the capacity to pay $150 million in claims, associated with a series of catastrophes of such large magnitude that they are expected to occur only once in every 1,401 years. With CCRIF’s assets over and above US$25 million, it could withstand an even more severe series of events with a modeled probability of occurring only once in every 10,000 years. By both of these measu Show Less -
CHALLENGEThe large share of public resources devoted to debt service and the wage bill has imposed severe constraints on Jamaica’s growth. The public debt- to-GDP ratio averaged 135 percent of GDP in the... Show More + 2000s and bound 13 percent of GDP to debt servic- ing. In that period, wages and salaries comprised, on average, 31 percent of total expenditures, or 10 percent of GDP.In this context, the Programmatic Debt and Fiscal Sustainability Development Policy Loans supported the reform effort towards enhancing fiscal and debt sustainability, increasing the efficiency of public financial management and budgeting processes, and improving the effective- ness and efficiency of the tax system.SOLUTIONThe Bank supported the Government’s efforts to enhance fiscal and debt sustainability, increase the efficiency of public financial management, and improve the efficiency of the tax system. The Debt and Fiscal Sustainability Development Policy Loan series supported the Government’s reform program i Show Less -
Moving Forward Digital Jam 2.0 has sparked a lot of interest from a number of partners. Private sector partnerships are emerging between national and international players to establish microwork hubs in... Show More + Jamaica. These will be fully funded by the private sector. The Bank and USAID are negotiating an externally funded output agreement to continue raising awareness about opportunities for work online and, in particular, in the niche of creative industries. The Government of Jamaica has requested the establishment of Digital Jam as a yearly event and the Bank is currently seeking options to make it happen. Bangladesh and Russia have expressed interest in replicating the event.Beneficiaries “We truly believe this is the way forward for Jamaica, and the World Bank is certainly creating the momentum.” - Marcelle Smart, Country Manager, Microsoft Jamaica“The World Bank has provided tremendous support in envisioning the event, bringing appropriate partners together, and facilitating our p Show Less -
CHALLENGEMost of the world’s 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS are in developing countries. Worldwide, 2.5 million people became newly-infected with HIV, and 1.5 million died of HIV-related causes... Show More + in 2011—24 percent fewer deaths than in 2005. Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 68 percent of all new infections and nearly half of all deaths globally in 2010 occurred in Southern Africa. Even where the overall HIV prevalence is low, AIDS can be a severe burden: It is the leading cause of premature death in Thailand and China. More than 8 million people living with HIV are accessing treatment globally; 7 million who need it do not have it. Moreover, for every one person on treatment, two are infected. Without effective HIV prevention, the numbers requiring treatment will become unsustainable.Despite the global increase in funding during the past decade—from US$1.6 billion in 2001 to US$16.8 billion in 2011—financing gaps persist, and available funds are mainly for treatment. As new infec Show Less -