With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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ICTs are providing new avenues for job creation that could help tackle global unemployment. Take the mobile phone applications industry: A firm that provides a digital application to the Apple app store,... Show More + for example, gains access to over 500 million app store account holders. ICTs connect people to jobs. Online employment marketplaces are helping an estimated 12 million people worldwide find work by connecting them with employers globally. Babajob in India, Duma and M-Kazi in Kenya, and Souktel in the Middle East and North Africa are examples of job search services using internet-based and mobile tools. Such services are making labor markets more inclusive; for instance, Souktel targets low-income communities.ICTs also enable new, more flexible forms of employment and work: Online contracting uses ICT to increase access to work opportunities worldwide, mainly for smaller employers. Popular services include oDesk and Elance. In 2012, about 2.5 million jobs were p Show Less -
ChallengeIndia’s crop insurance program is the world’s largest with more than 25 million farmers insured. But delays in the payment of claims were a major issue and 85 million farmer households remained... Show More + uninsured. When the monsoon rains failed, or pests and disease ruined their crops, insured farmers often received their claim payments after 8 to 12 months, defeating the very purpose of insurance. Delays in settlements, in turn, made it challenging for farmers to repay the bank loans they had taken for buying seeds and fertilizers at the time of planting. This jeopardized their ability to borrow again for the next crop, reducing their planting, or pushing them into a vicious cycle of debt with money lenders. Several attempts to tackle this issue had not met with success. Since it was virtually impossible to measure the yield of each farm given the millions of small landholdings, the prevailing practice was to estimate the average yield of a particular area by harvesting and weighing th Show Less -
Maximizing Mobile - New World Bank Report Points to Human and Economic Development OpportunitiesWASHINGTON, July 17, 2012 --- Around three-quarters of the world’s inhabitants now have access to a mobile... Show More + phone and the mobile communications story is moving to a new level, which is not so much about the phone but how it is used, says a new report released today by the World Bank and infoDev, its technology entrepreneurship and innovation program. The number of mobile subscriptions in use worldwide, both pre-paid and post-paid, has grown from fewer than 1 billion in 2000 to over 6 billion now, of which nearly 5 billion in developing countries. Ownership of multiple subscriptions is becoming increasingly common, suggesting that their number will soon exceed that of the human population.According to Information and Communications for Development 2012: Maximizing Mobile, more than 30 billion mobile applications, or “apps,” were downloaded in 2011 – software that extends the capabilities Show Less -
According to the Water Hackathon report, hackathons produce more meaningful results if they are designed as a process, rather than as a one-off event.“Seeing the Hackathon as a process places equal... Show More + emphasis on the collection of water challenges from those best equipped to define them, the execution of a fun and open Hackathon hosted by tech community partners best equipped to organize them, and follow-up activities that offer opportunities for further collaboration,” said Julia Bucknall, Sector Manager at the World Bank Water Anchor.Other sectors considering Hackathons stand to benefit from the lessons from the Water Hackathon in the new report.For example, the iterative process of defining pressing problems was critical to a successful event, and also drew innovation from within the water community. This strengthened that community’s engagement and its ties to one another and to the Hackathon community. This was also a point made by Mike Mathieu, founder and investor in many civi Show Less -