Through a mix of lending and knowledge and advisory services, the Bank is supporting EU member states to meet their complex development challenges in key areas related to poverty reduction and promoting shared prosperity. Bank support has focused on strengthening public sector management, improving health and education sector outcomes, reforming social protection and promoting social inclusion, addressing competitiveness, and exploiting green growth potential. The Bank is increasingly providing knowledge and advisory services to EU member states on a reimbursable basis and facilitating the sharing of EU member states’ knowledge.
Strengthening Public Sector Management
Romania Development Policy Operation with Deferred Drawdown Option (DPL-DDO).
Reforms supported under the DPL-DDO program aim to improve public financial management to enhance the efficiency of public spending and revenue raising capacity; improve governance of energy sector SOEs to generate savings and attract private capital to modernize plants and increase their competitiveness; and enhance fiscal sustainability of public health care through reduction of unjustified outlays and reallocation to preventive care and health promotion programs. With the drawdown option, the program contributes to the Government’s fiscal buffer without requiring actual disbursement of funds.
Poland Second Development Policy Loan.
This public finance development policy loan was structured around three pillars: (i) consolidating public finances to ensure a steady decline of the fiscal deficit to stabilize and reduce public debt over the medium term; (ii) strengthening fiscal institutions to ingrain a prudent fiscal stance (including at the subnational level) over the medium term; and (iii) advancing long-term fiscal reforms to secure the sustainability of social spending in view of Poland's demographic challenge.
Improving Health and Education Sector Outcomes
Upgrades to the Emergency Medical System Saves Lives in Croatia.
An emergency medical system is now in place in Croatia with the assistance of a Bank-supported project.
Toward an Equal Start for Roma.
This Bank report explores the gaps in early education and care experienced by Roma children (age 3-6) in Eastern Europe and looks at measures to close those gaps.
Reforming Social Protection and Promoting Social Inclusion
Romania Social Assistance Modernization Project.
The objective of this project is to improve the overall performance of the social assistance system by strengthening performance management, improving equity and administrative efficiency, and reducing error and fraud.
Bulgaria Social Inclusion Project.
This project was designed to speed up convergence of living standards with the EU by increasing the school readiness of children under age seven, with a focus on low-income and marginalized families.
Bulgaria Growing Old Wisely Study.
This Bank study offers policy directions on how Bulgaria can address the challenges of an aging society, which will affect the country’s competitiveness.
Croatia Railway Sector Policy Note.
This note outlines how the railway sector, which underwent deep reform to prepare for entry to the EU transport market, can become a greater engine of growth and railway companies more efficient and competitive.
Cleaning Up and Moving On in Romania.
A Bank-supported Mine Closure, Environment and Socio-Economic Regeneration Project assisted with the closure of several mines in an environmentally sustainable manner and helped those affected find new jobs and access services.
Innovative Modeling for Climate Policy in Poland.
Over 600 participants from various organizations, including the Bank, think tanks, research centers, public institutions, and others got together to discuss the most burning issues on the climate change agenda.
Responding to Requests for Reimbursable Advisory Services
World Bank and Bulgaria Knowledge Partnership.
With its accession into the EU, the Bank’s role in Bulgaria has transformed from major financier to knowledge partner, with an MOU that allows the Government to use EU funds for Bank knowledge and advisory services.
Romania Functional Reviews.
The Government of Romania, in agreement with the European Commission, requested functional reviews of the Romanian public administration through reimbursable advisory services with the Bank—functional reviews were undertaken in several areas, including:
How-to of Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship.
This conference, organized by the Bank in cooperation with CzechInvest and the Korean Development Institute, brought policymakers from the Middle East and North Africa to learn hands-on from experiences of countries in Eastern Europe; a ‘Quck Note’ highlights the importance of such peer-to-peer learning.
Sharing Best Practices on Public Spending
Poland improved its public procurement system, and the country is now sharing experience with developing countries, including Vietnam.