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Life Expectancy
Complete these exercises with information from Photo 1.

Photo 1 Exercises with Answers

Photo courtesy of World Bank

1. Look at the photograph. Describe what you see. [A mother holds a child while a nurse administers an immunization.]

2. Would this be a common scene in your country? Why or Why not? [Answers will vary.]

3. In which country was this photograph taken? [India]

4. Find the country in the World and Regional Map Gallery. What region is it in? [South Asia]

5. Find the country in the Basic Data Tables and determine if it is a low-, middle-, or high-income economy. [low-income]

6. According to the Basic Data Tables, what is the country's projected population growth rate for 1998–2015? [1.3%] It's GNP per capita for 1998? [$440] The percentage of its 1990–1996 population with access to safe water? [81%]

7. What do you think life is like for the average person in this country? Support your answer. [Answers will vary, but should take into account India's life expectancy, projected population growth rate, its GNP per capita, and the percent of its people with access to safe water.]

8. What, if any, of the activity shown in the photograph might help improve living standards in industrial countries? In developing countries? [Immunizations improve living standards in both industrial and developing countries. Healthy people are more productive than sick people. Parents who believe their children will survive often have fewer children freeing more resources for better living standards.]

9. Which sector of development (i.e., social, economic or environmental) is best represented by the photograph? Explain your answer. Is it possible for this photograph to represent other sectors as well? In what way? [Answers will vary.]

10. In what ways might the activity in the photograph encourage sustainable development? In what ways might it discourage sustainable development? Explain your answers. [Immunizations for children will encourage sustainable development by supporting health and normal growth, which are key factors for effective childhood education and later adult productivity. If immunizations use resources that are needed to increase current production, then sustainable development could be endangered. Long-term increase in production, however, requires improvement in people's health through immunizations and other programs.]

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