In building Sustainable Communities, the World Bank focuses on its work in four areas, led by the Bank’s Social, Urban, Rural, and Resilience Global Practice:
Social Inclusion and Sustainability – Social Development:
Social Development focuses on the need to “put people first” in development processes. Poverty is more than low income – it is also about vulnerability, exclusion, unaccountable institutions, powerlessness, and exposure to violence. Social Development promotes social inclusion of the poor and vulnerable by empowering people, building cohesive and resilient societies, and making institutions accessible and accountable to citizens.
The World Bank's social development programs span all sectors and areas of its work. They are supported by analysis to make sure Bank lending operations benefit the poor and vulnerable in the countries it serves. To complement the analytical work, the Bank has an active portfolio of projects on community empowerment and community-driven development (CDD), an approach that gives control over planning decisions and investment resources for local development projects to community groups.
For more information, please see www.worldbank.org/socialdevelopment
Mainstreaming Resilience – Disaster Risk Management:
Disasters hurt the poor and vulnerable the most. From 1995 through 2014, 89% of storm-related fatalities were in lower-income countries, even though these countries experienced just 26% of storms. The impact of disasters will continue to grow as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events.
Over the past decade, the World Bank has emerged as the global leader in disaster risk management (DRM), supporting client countries to assess exposure to hazards and address disaster risks. It provides technical and financial support for risk assessments, risk reduction, preparedness, financial protection, and resilient recovery and reconstruction. The World Bank’s annual DRM investment has increased steadily over the past six years—from $3.7 billion in FY12 to $4.4 billion in FY17.
For more information, see www.worldbank.org/disaster
Territorial and Rural Development – Land:
Land is at the center of many development challenges. Estimates suggest that around 30% of land rights are registered or recorded worldwide. The World Bank is working to address land tenure insecurity through land administration projects, analytical work, and technical assistance. The Bank pays particular attention to the land rights of smallholders, women, Indigenous Peoples, and their economic empowerment.
The Bank is currently working in 48 countries, with a current investment of approximately $1 billion in commitments, impacting millions of land tenure holders in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East and North Africa.
The World Bank is increasingly working to open land and geospatial datasets for acceleration of growth. The Bank is also preparing a “Land 2030 Global Initiative” to enhance the commitment of countries and mobilize resources to achieve ambitious targets of securing land and property rights by 2030.
For more information, see www.worldbank.org/land
Urban Planning, Services, and Institutions – Urban Development:
World Bank-supported operations and technical assistance contributes to the Sustainable Development Goal No.11 and the implementation of the New Urban Agenda to make cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable for all.
The Bank’s work in urban development has three core pillars:
- Strengthening city finances, planning, and governance systems;
- Improving different dimensions of living conditions for people – infrastructure services, tenure, housing, and neighborhoods; and
- Supporting urban transformation through improved urban and land-use planning, management, and implementation of integrated investments in infrastructure and service delivery in a manner that can improve urban space and impact city form over the long run, through reducing sprawl and enhancing livability, resilience, and productivity.
The Bank is working in partnership with the private sector, governments, and civil society to build clean and efficient cities and communities that are resilient to natural disasters, and to create competitive economies that provide new kinds of jobs for people and ensure that everyone, especially the poorest, can benefit. In addition, the Bank is increasingly working on the issue of climate change in cities.
For more information, see www.worldbank.org/urbandevelopment