The World Bank in Tajikistan focuses its activities and investments based on following key principles – how will they contribute to the well-being of Tajik people, improve their quality of life, and lead to reduction of poverty at large. Some of the highlights include:
Public Employment for Sustainable Agriculture and Water Management Project
The project was implemented in five highly food-insecure districts of Khatlon, with a population of approximately 84,500 households and a total irrigated area of around 88,700 hectares. The public works program created 435,000 person-days of work and employed 10,590 poor rural people in the project districts. Approximately 11 percent of beneficiaries (1,157) were women. Given that 39 percent of the economically active members of rural households in the project districts were unemployed, the public works program responded directly to a major source of food insecurity with generated net income of 1,176 somonis (US$230 equivalent) per person. Approximately 84 percent of beneficiary households used this income to buy food and make preserves, and food purchases accounted for 43 percent of the total use of this additional income. Approximately 43,300 households benefited from the combined impact of income transfers and improved access to irrigation over 44,276 hectares.
Municipal Infrastructure Development Project
Objective is to support the Government of Tajikistan’s efforts to provide accessible, reliable, and good quality basic municipal services to the population of the eight participating towns. Ensuring access to basic municipal services is an important factor in supporting the growth of local economies and reducing poverty. The towns served by the project include Dangara, Istravshan, Kanibadam, Kulyab, Kurgan-Tube, Rasht, Vahdat, and Vose. All of the interventions help protect people from disease, and specifically aid Tajikistan as it moves toward achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The Board of Executive Directors approved Additional Financing (AF) for the MIDP, which allowed for the scaling-up of ongoing activities to enhance the positive impacts of the first MIDP. As a result of the implementation of the first and second phase investment programs under the first project, the following progress has been achieved: 189,805 additional people have improved access to water services; 1,612 improved community water points were constructed and rehabilitated; 18,568 new piped household water connections were constructed; 89,925 piped household water connections have already benefited from rehabilitation works under the project; and 80 percent of the population in participating cities have improved solid waste collection services, with at least one collection per week. Notable progress has been achieved in the construction and completion of multiple sanitary zones in Fakhor, while construction is ongoing in Vose. Moreover, in cooperation with the Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program, Sanitation Zone Management Committees have been established under each of the sanitary zones. These committees are comprised of community members who both manage the operation of the zones and also promote improved hygiene and sanitation behavior in their communities. The Additional Financing is also supporting the Government of Tajikistan in developing a Municipal Sector and Communal Services Development Strategy to identify mid- to long-term reforms for the sector. The Strategy will focus on identifying and recommending municipal reforms that would be needed to establish an appropriate and sustainable rules-based financing mechanism, such as a Communal Services Development Fund (CSDF), to attract and channel donor contributions to the sector. The focus of the CSDF would initially be limited to water supply, sanitation, and solid waste management.
Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Project
The project area is covering a total net area of about 30,000 hectares and serving a rural population of about 250,000 in Suhgd region in north of Tajikistan. The Project is directed to increase the coverage of drained and irrigated areas in North of Tajikistan and helps the Government of Tajikistan to address deficiencies affecting irrigation and drainage and improve water management. It addresses critical elements of the irrigation and drainage systems to improve their performance and efficiency. Remarkably, some of the key achievements include a return of more than 7,000 ha of agriculture land to effective irrigation and the reduction of flooded and waterlogged land area within project perimeters near embankments by 3,530 ha. Project activities contributed to a reduction in water losses and improved access to irrigation water in the project area by 20 percent through: (i) lining of 11,36 kilometers of the selected, more damaged sections of the Big Ferghana Canal and the full rehabilitation of the Kanibadam concrete canal. Furthermore, institutional challenges of irrigation management were tackled through project efforts and resulted in the establishment and strengthened capacity of three WUAs in the project area. Despite existing challenges faced by these WUAs with respect to financial sustainability, project support led to a continuous increase of the water fee collection rate on average by 50 percent.