An analysis of the political economy and context of cooperation in different basins is intended to contribute to deepening cooperative development and fostering sustainable economic growth and development. A series of case studies will be developed using a common framework. This series explores some of the underlying geo-political context for framing cooperative agreements and institutions and informing contemporary hydro-political positions. The case studies are intended to be based on a common framework to allow for subsequent cross-comparative analysis among river basins within Africa. The framework would be structured in three parts: Part i) describing the basic hydrological, economic and political conditions in the basin, including the existing water infrastructure, planned water development projects, as well as existing and envisaged governance structures; Part ii) examining the factors that influence international cooperation in the basin, as well as the challenges lying ahead, such as those resulting from climate change; and Part iii) providing a synthesis and drawing conclusions in support of the overall objectives of Cooperation in International Waters in Africa. The application of the framework would reflect initial lessons from the application of the approach in the Nile and Zambezi basins. The geographic emphasis of this activity would be on the West Africa region.