Background and Evolution
Japan has forged a strong partnership with the World Bank to assist developing countries in reducing their disaster risks. The collaboration is the result of a strong partnership between Japan and the World Bank to help reduce risks from natural hazards. Japan, one of the founding donors of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) in 2006, further strengthened cooperation with the World Bank in 2011 after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami through knowledge, advocacy and operational initiatives.
The “Japan-World Bank Program for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in Developing Countries” was shaped following the 2012 “Sendai Report: Managing Disaster Risks for a Resilient Future”, prepared by the World Bank and GFDRR, with financial support from the Government of Japan. The $100 million program implemented since 2014 funds technical assistance, pilot projects, and capacity building activities focused on mainstreaming DRM into national development planning and investment projects as well as capturing and deploying Japanese know-how and expertise to support DRM policies and programs.
In April 2018, building on the Program’s achievements in four years, the Government of Japan and the World Bank agreed to renew the Program with an additional US$100 million contribution from Japan Ministry of Finance (MoF), doubling the total Program value to US$200 million. The renewed Program will be implemented throughout 2024 and will have a thematic focus on: i) Resilient Infrastructure, ii) Risk Identification, Risk Reduction, and Preparedness, and; iii) Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance (DRFI). The primary development objective of the next five years is to mainstream disaster risk management into national development planning and investment programs, including through World Bank country strategies and operations.