The Annual Bank Conference on Africa: Managing the Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanization in Africa
TICAD VI: Embracing Blue Economy for Africa’s Accelerated Development
August 25, 2016Hilton Nairobi, Tsavo Room, Nairobi, Kenya

The Blue Economy discussions have accelerated since Rio+20, the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on June 20-22, 2012. A “Blue Economy” approach to sustainable growth usually recognizes different use and non-use values of ocean and other “blue” resources. It promotes the coordination of relevant activities and industries to enhance the overall value.

Although the scope of the Blue Economy may differ for different countries, many agree that the appropriate use and conservation of marine, inland aquatic and coastal resources can contribute to food security, job creation, and inclusive and sustainable economic growth, as well as to climate change mitigation and adaptation:

  • the extraction of living and non-living resources aquatic resources such as fish - whether wild or farmed - mineral, oil and gas, generates direct incomes to the population;
  • ground water and inland surface water bodies, such as lakes and rivers, provide vital drinking water and critical input to food production;
  • surface water bodies provide natural infrastructure for shipping industry, along with infrastructure constructed by humans such as ports;
  • healthy coastlines provide natural protection to coastal population against waves and winds;
  • beautiful blue nature itself is an asset to local tourism industry; and
  • the blue nature provides global public goods of ecosystem services such as the climate-regulating function of the oceans (including carbon sequestration) and the biodiversity of healthy aquatic ecosystems.

The opportunity and challenge is how all of these activities and industries can be coordinated and resources managed so that the Blue Economy brings about the maximum benefits to society in an inclusive and sustainable manner.

In recent years, the African Union (AU) has sought to catalyze the development of the continent’s maritime trade and Blue Economy through the formulation of these key policy documents:

  • the African Maritime Transport Charter;
  • the Africa Integrated Maritime Strategy (2050 AIM Strategy);
  • the African Union 2063 Agenda “The Africa We Want” and “African Decade of the Seas”, which interfaces with the UN Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development; and
  • the Policy Framework and Reform Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture in Africa.

These documents also aimed to maximize regional and international trade through partnerships and cooperation. The successful implementation of these agendas shall propel Africa to a higher development status.


This TICAD side event is organized by the State Department for Fisheries and Blue Economy, and the State Department for Shipping and Maritime Affairs of the Government of Kenya in collaboration with African Union - InterAfrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR), the European Union, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), the Government of Japan, the Nairobi Convention/UNEP and the World Bank/GEF. It aims to raise awareness on the importance of the Blue Economy and sustainable ocean development, and to promote actions toward successful Blue Economy while ensuring healthy ecosystems.

It will accomplish these specific objectives:

  • bring African states together to have a common understanding of the Blue economy and its regional dimensions  in order to benefit from the economic potential that healthy oceans, seas and coasts offer and from their potential to meet the needs for nutrition and food security, jobs, improved livelihoods, and climate change mitigation and adaptation;
  • learn from existing blue economy initiatives in order to inform countries’ own strategies for managing and developing a healthy and productive ocean space;
  • share vision, lessons and key challenges in developing sustainable Blue economy including inter alia:     
    • building the maritime capacity in Africa and harnessing stakeholders’ commitment and contributions for Africa’s maritime education and training;
    • exchanging experiences on how to modernize infrastructure and practices to enhance values generated from fisheries and coastal aquaculture;
    • strengthening the governance and management of marine fisheries; and
    • improving the enabling environment for investment; and
  • discuss and create partnerships for resource mobilization and capacity building for key activities toward successful Blue Economy. This includes collection, management and sharing of key blue data, applied research for further generation of practical knowledge, and monitoring and mitigating of the environmental impacts of various blue-economy activities on ecosystems and biodiversity in order to minimize environmental risks to a healthy and productive ocean.


Approximately 200 participants are expected from international organizations, research and academic institutions, private sectors, NGOs as well as coastal states and governments that have considered the Blue Economic model.

Expected Outcome

This side event is expected to inform national governments about i) the importance of healthy and productive oceans for growth, jobs, livelihoods, nutrition and food security, and ii) the need to incorporate climate change mitigation and adaptation into national Blue economy efforts, via the NDCs. 

The message would contribute to the Ministerial Conference and Investment Forum on the Ocean Economy and Climate organized by the Government of Mauritius and the World Bank on September 1-2, 2016. It will be a milestone event on the road through the next UNFCCC COP22 to be held in Marrakesh, Morocco in November 2016. The outcomes of the event will also assist the Government of Kenya in preparing an investment roadmap for the development of Kenya’s Blue Economy.


  • Kenya’s State Department for Fisheries and Blue Economy;
  • Kenya’s State Department for Shipping and Maritime Affairs;
  • the Government of Japan
  • EU/GIZ
  • The Nairobi Convention of the UNEP
  • The World Bank Group and the Global Environment Facility.


  • WWF


Approximately 200 participants are expected from international organizations, research and academic institutions, private sectors, NGOs as well as coastal states and governments that have considered the Blue Economic model. 

Journalists Briefing

The WBG and partners will invite 32 journalists to a briefing on the Blue Economy the day before the side event, Wednesday, August 24, 2016, from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm, at the WB office.  This will provide a forum where they can exchange with experts from AU-IBAR, GoK, and WBG and build their awarenes on relevant issues.  The journalists are members of two networks: Media for Environment, Science, Health & Agriculture (MESHAand Science Journalists Association (KENSJA).

This is part of a series of workshops organized by ENR GP and AFREC to engage with African media.

  • H.E. Mr. Willy Bett

    Minister for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Republic of Kenya
    Mr. Willy Bett was the immediate Managing Director, Kenya Seed Company since 2009. It was during his tenure at Kenya Seed Company, that the company grew its financial performance significantly. This effort has guaranteed Kenyan farmers of adequate seed and hence national food security. Mr. Bett also introduced the Balance Score Card performance management system at all levels of the Company, which resulted to considerable level of performance measurement using the tool. He previously gained a wealth experience in the banking sector for over 18 years as a Senior Manager at the Postbank where he was involved in Developing Anti- Money Laundering (AML) Policy. He re- negotiated the Western Union contract to reduce the marketing investment from 10% to 8% and developed strategies that increased the level of Customer service across the network from 51% to 80% over a period of three years. Among his other responsibilities, Mr. Bett is currently the Vice Chairman of the Seed Trade Association (STAK) Board. He is also a Steering Committee Member of Double Haploid project (CYMMIT).
  • H.E. Mr. James Macharia

    Minister of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing and Urban Development, Republic of Kenya
    Mr. Macharia is a qualified CPA.He joined Standard Chartered Bank in 1989, rising to become Financial Controller in 1994. Thereafter, he worked in Zambia as Managing Director, African Banking Corporation, and later transferred to Tanzania in the sameposition. He has been Group Managing Director with NIC Bank from2005 to-date, when the Bank grew more than tenfold and with five subsidiary companies including Tanzania and Uganda. He was nominated by President Uhuru Kenyatta as Cabinet Secretary for Health on 23 April 2013.
  • H.E. Dr. Moses Zinnah

    Minister of Agriculture, Republic of Liberia
    Dr. Moses Zinnah is a distinguished agricultural and rural development expert with over 25 years of vast professional experience in working with individuals and teams in various institutional settings of non-governmental organizations, ministries of agriculture, research institutes, private service providers, and universities in Africa and the United States of America. In 2013, Dr. Zinnah was appointed Deputy Minister for Planning and Development at the Ministry of Agriculture where he provided outstanding leadership in the preparation and successful negotiation of several donor-funded agricultural development projects funded by the African Development Bank, World Bank/IDA, International Fund for Agricultural Development, Japanese Trust Fund, Global Environmental Fund and the United Nations Development Program. Prior to his appointment as the Honorable Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Zinnah served as the first Director of the Program Management Unit (PMU) and Coordinator of the Liberia Agriculture Sector Rehabilitation Project (ASRP), from June 2010 to March 2012 at the Ministry of Agriculture, Liberia.
  • H.E. Mr. Momodu Kargbo

    Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Hon. Hamad Rashid Mohamed

    Minister of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Livestock and Fisheries, United Republic of Tanzania (Zanzibar)
    Mr Hamad Rashid is a veteran politician who served as minister during the First Phase Union Government under Mwalimu Julius Nyerere. He has been a Member of Parliament for Wawi constituency since 2005. In July 2015, he defected from the Civic United Front to the Alliance for Democratic Change.
  • Haleh Bridi

    Director of Africa External Communications and Partnerships, World Bank
    Haleh Bridi is the Director for the Africa External Communications and Partnerships (AFREC) unit in the Africa Region (AFR). She has more than 25 years of development experience working for the World Bank Group, mostly at senior level including serving as country director for Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles (AFR), and director of Regional Programs and Partnerships in the Middle East and North Africa Region (MNA). Prior to joining the World Bank Group, she spent 10 years at the OPEC Fund where she supported the Fund's lending operations in francophone Africa.
  • Professor Ahmed Sawalhy

    AU-IBAR, Nairobi
    Ahmed El-Sawalhy is the ninth person to be appointed by the DREA as Director of its specialized technical office. He is currently serving a first, three-year term as Director of African Union – Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR). Ahmed El-Sawalhy was born in Sharkia, a provincial capital in Egypt's Delta region in February 1959. Prof. El-Sawalhy has made about 26 contributions to scientific conference (National and International) and was a focal point in funded projects on animal health issues and enhancing veterinary infectious diseases education and training in Egypt. As a member of numerous committees in Egypt, he has been active in community service (workshops, field trips) and in teaching and evaluation. He has an impeccable professional history that very much reflects his academic profile: As Head of Department of Internal Medicine, Infectious diseases and Fish Diseases at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Mansoura University, he structured this department, which today follows the curriculum implemented at that time. Simultaneously, he directed the university's Veterinary Education Hospital.
  • Beatrice Marshall

    Global Anchor, CCTV Africa
    Beatrice Marshall is a Global News Anchor for China’s international News Network, CCTV NEWS and is based in the channel’s Africa Headquarters Nairobi. She anchors "Africa Live" on CCTV NEWS, a daily Global News program that gives viewers a deeper perspective of the news and views of Africa. Ms Marshall is also the host of "Talk Africa", a weekly talk show that provides global viewers with an inside look at economic and political events shaping the African continent. She has interviewed 17 sitting African Heads of State and Governments, among other leading African politicians, decision-makers & thought-leaders.

9.00 – 10.00 am

Welcoming Opening Remarks

  • H.E. Mr. James Macharia, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing and Urban Development, Republic of Kenya
  • H.E. Dr. Moses Zinnah, Minister of Agriculture, Republic of Liberia
  • H.E. Mr. Momodu Kargbo, Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Republic of Sierra Leone
  • Hon. Mr. Hamad Rashid Mohamed, Minister of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Livestock and Fisheries, United Republic of Tanzania (Zanzibar)
  • Ms. Haleh Z. Bridi, Director, Africa Region, World Bank
  • Prof. Ahmed El-Sawalhy, Director, AU-IBAR, Nairobi

Official Opening Address

  • H.E. Mr. Willy Bett, Minister for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Republic of Kenya

10.00 – 10.30 am

10.30 – 11.15 am                                               

Chairman: H.E. Mr. Willy Bett, Minister for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Republic of Kenya

  • Role of Policy, People Participation and Political Leadership 
    Prof. Micheni J. Ntiba,
     Principal Secretary, State Department for Fisheries and the Blue Economy, Kenya
  • A Synopsis of Africa’s Strategy on the Blue Economy 
    Dr. Geoffrey Manyara
    , Senior Natural Resources Management Specialist, SRO-EA, UNECA
  • Role of Scientific Research, Technology and Innovations for a sustainable Blue Economy 
    Prof. Paul Connolly, 
    Marine Institute Ireland
  • Overview of the Supply Demand Situation of Required Human Resources of the Current Global Reality 
    Dr. Hisashi Yamamoto, 
    Secretary General Global On-Board Training Center, Japan
  • Opportunities for Blue Economy 
    Mr. Dinesh Aryal, 
    Senior Natural Resources Management Specialist, Environment and Natural Resources, World Bank

(7 min per presentation)

11.15 – 11.45 am
Exchange of views/Discussions

11.45 – 1.00 pm                                 

Chairman: H.E. Mr. James Macharia, Minister of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing and Urban Development, Republic of Kenya

  • Creation of Strategic Partnerships for Capacity Building 
    Ms. Nancy Karigithu, 
    Principal Secretary, State Department for Shipping and Maritime Affairs
  • Regional Experiences and Support for Blue Economy 
    Mr. Dixon Waruinge, 
    Nairobi Convention
  • Practical Experience by Coastal States on the Blue Economy: PHAKISA Experience South Africa 
    Prof. Malek Pourzanjani
    , CEO South African International Maritime Institute, SAIMI
  • Practical Experience by Island States on the Blue Economy: Seychelles/ Mauritius 
    Mr. Alain De Comarmond, Principal Secretary for Environment, Seychelles
  • Cooperation for Developing African Blue Economy 
    Prof. Hagiwara, 
    Dean of Department of Fishery, Nagasaki University, Japan
  • Contribution of African Union towards the growth of African Blue Economy 
    Prof. Ahmed El-Sawalhy, Director AU-IBAR
  • Aquaculture in the Blue Economy 
    Dr Richard Abila
    , Senior Technical Specialist – Fisheries & Aquaculture, IFAD

(7 min per presentation)
1.00 – 1.30 pm  
Exchange of views/Discussions 

1.30 – 1.45 pm   Summary of the way forward

  • Date: August 25, 2016
  • Time (Nairobi): 9am to 2:30pm
  • Time (Washington): 2am to 7:30am
  • Location: Hilton Nairobi, Tsavo Room, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Follow Us: #TICAD6