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Colloquium on Deepening Dialogue with Stakeholders in the Forest Sector in Kenya
Colloquium on Deepening Dialogue with Stakeholders in the Forest Sector in Kenya
March 4-6, 2015Eldoret, Kenya

The Colloquium will explore approaches to addressing long-standing issues concerning forest management, promotion of community-based management models, and land tenure and access rights.


Related: Kenya: Colloquium Underway to Address Complex Issues in the Forestry Sector

The World Bank, in collaboration with the Government of Kenya, is organizing a three-day Colloquium on Deepening Dialogue with Stakeholders in the Forest Sector in Kenya. The Colloquium will provide a platform for exploring practical approaches for addressing long-standing issues concerning forest management, promotion of community-based management models such as participatory forest management, and land tenure and access rights. Furthermore, it will contribute towards continued collaboration between communities and local government, and the dialogue between the Government and stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya.

The event is expected to provide the participants opportunities to deepen their understanding of different viewpoints and the complexity of forest management, land use, and legacy issues; learn from local, national, and global lessons; and make concrete suggestions in a constructive, collaborative, participatory, and inclusive manner. The Colloquium should be seen not as a means to an end but as part of a dialogue.

The Colloquium will engage a wide-range of active stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya. They would include the vulnerable and marginalized groups and forest-dependent communities, community-based forest management associations and user groups, Government representatives, national and international NGOs/CSOs, private sector, international experts, and development partners.

The Colloquium will build on the discussions and outcomes of the National Forum for Forest Dependent Communities, organized by the Kenya Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MoEWNR) on January 19-21, 2015 in Nakuru with participation by forest-dependent communities across Kenya.

Please send any suggestions, comments, and feedback to: kenya_colloquium@worldbank.org

For media queries, please contact Peter Warutere at The World Bank Office in Nairobi, Kenya: pwarutere@worldbank.org

PDF Version: English | Swahili

 

A.    Introduction

The World Bank, in collaboration with the Government of Kenya, is organizing a four-day Colloquium on Deepening Dialogue with Stakeholders in the Forest Sector in Kenya. The Colloquium will provide a platform for exploring constructive ways to address long-standing issues concerning forest management, land use and access rights; promoting community-based approaches, such as participatory forest management; and facilitating collaboration between communities, the state and local government. Also, it will contribute to continuing the process of dialogue between the Government and the various stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya.

B.     Objectives

The main objectives of the Colloquium are to: (i) facilitate constructive dialogue and foster cooperation among key stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya; and (ii) share national and global experience and best practices on the management of forest resources for win-win solutions for poverty reduction, livelihoods improvement and environmental sustainability. It is expected that the outcomes of the Colloquium will contribute towards sustainable forest development within the framework of the National Forest Programme (NFP) process initiated late last year.

C. Background

a.      Sector context

Kenya’s natural resource endowment is the foundation for much of the country’s economic activity. However, it is vulnerable to various challenges that can contribute to depletion and exacerbate the impacts of disasters such as floods and drought. High demand for land and resources has put tremendous pressure on Kenya’s natural resource base, especially water and forests. The country remains highly water scarce, and the management of forests has a direct impact on water resources and, more broadly on livelihoods, prosperity, and resilience.

Unsustainable management and depletion have reduced Kenya’s relatively small forested area from about 10 percent of its land area at independence in 1963 to an estimated 6.9 percent today. A key challenge to maintain and enhance the ecological and livelihood values of Kenya’s forests relates to complex issues surrounding land and resource tenure. As in many places around the world, parts of Kenya’s forests, for generations, have been the focus of conflict over land and access rights of local communities. In some cases, forest areas are inhabited by communities who have long asserted ancestral rights to live in and use the forest. This has resulted in a complex history of periodic tension between the government’s forest institutions and communities living in or near the forests.

The recognition of the acute problems in the forest sector led the Government of Kenya to prepare a Forest Policy and the Forests Act, which received parliamentary approval in 2005. The main goals of the reform of the forest sector were to increase efficiency, ensure protection and sustainable forest use, and promote poverty reduction. Strengthening forest governance, therefore, is critical for the success of these efforts. The Forests Act embraced participatory forest management, whereby community forest associations (CFAs) would be recognized as partners. It also promoted private sector participation to enhance the competitiveness of the sector. In parallel, Kenya is participating in different international conventions such as United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United Nations Convention on Drought and Desertification (UNCDD) and United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), and initiatives such as the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and the UN-REDD Program. Such partnerships provide opportunities that could foster community engagement in the forest sector thereby protecting this valued resource whilst reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

b.      World Bank-supported Natural Resources Management Project (NRMP)

The NRMP implemented during 2007 - 2013, aimed at strengthening policies and practices to ensure the sustainable provision of water, improved irrigation, and enhanced forest management. Overall, the NRMP delivered significant results. More than 145,000 rural people have benefited from irrigation works or through community-driven micro-projects and livelihood opportunities contributing to the improvement of income of vulnerable and marginalized forest communities. In addition, around 320,000 hectares of forest area is now being managed according to the approved forest management plans. The Project has also confirmed several important lessons. They include that sustainable forest management is constrained in many parts of Kenya by conflicts and/or uncertainty concerning the respective rights of local people and government to forest resources and to the land in and around forests.

In 2013, some members of the Cherangany-Sengwer communities living in the Cherangany Hills submitted a request to the Inspection Panel of the World Bank. The requesters claimed that they had been forcibly evicted from their lands within the forests as a result of the Project, and that there had been a lack of recognition and protection of their customary rights during project implementation.

The Panel found that evictions were not connected with the NRMP. However, it noted that more attention could have been given from the outset to better identify and mitigate the risk that evictions might occur. The Bank’s Board of Directors noted that while untangling such legacy issues was beyond the purview of any single project, the Bank can play an important role as a facilitator and a partner helping to foster dialogue amongst forest-dependent peoples and the government. In this context, World Bank management committed to convene a Colloquium in collaboration with the Government of Kenya to provide a platform to promote dialogue between the Government and stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya.

b. World Bank’s Engagement with Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups in Kenya

The World Bank has a history of engaging with vulnerable and marginalized communities in Kenya through its operations where the provision of its policy on Indigenous Peoples OP 4.10 has been applied. It also engages with vulnerable and marginalized groups (VMGs) locally, nationally and globally in various processes, most recently with the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and the ongoing review of the World Bank’s safeguard policies. For example,, representatives of vulnerable and marginalized communities in Kenya were active participants in FCPF dialogues held in Arusha, Tanzania in April, 2012 and subsequently in late 2014. Furthermore, a dedicated dialogue with representatives of Indigenous Peoples in East Africa, including representatives of VMGs in Kenya, is taking place on February 27, 2015. Other dialogues with regional Indigenous Peoples have taken place in Cape Town (December 2013), Johannesburg (November 2014), and a consultation is scheduled for Yaoundé, Cameroon in March 2015. 

D.    The Colloquium: Dialogue, Learning, and Knowledge Sharing

a.      Expected outcome

Deriving lessons from the various consultations in the past, especially the January 2015 National Forum for “Forest-dependent Communities” as an integrated part of the National Forest Programme (NFP) development process. It is expected that participants will deepen their understanding of different viewpoints and the complexity of forest management, land use, rights and legacy issues; learn from local, national, and global lessons; and make concrete suggestions in a constructive, collaborative, participatory, and inclusive manner in the way stakeholders can be brought together to manage the country’s forest resources. Therefore, the Colloquium should be seen not as an end in itself but as part of a dialogue.

Furthermore, the Colloquium will deliver a report that will contain actionable proposals to continue and stimulate the dialogue that has already been started between the Government and various stakeholders including forest-dependent communities across the country. It will provide the ongoing National Forest Programme with policy content for the Government of Kenya’s engagement with forest dependent communities.

b. Timing and Venue

The Colloquium will take place over a period of four days, scheduled for March 3 - 6, 2015 to be held in the Boma Inn Hotel in Eldoret. As agreed, the World Bank will fund a closed door meeting for about 100 representatives of forest-dependent communities from 14 counties on March 3, 2015 in Eldoret. This meeting, that precedes the actual Colloquium, will focus on enriching and consolidating community memoranda and issues to be presented to the Colloquium. The one day meeting will also review the January 2015 National Forum and select speakers for the opening sessions during the Colloquium.

c. Preparation and Delivery

The Bank team, in consultation with the Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MoEWNR), will help lead the preparation of the Colloquium, in collaboration with other stakeholders (see below).

Working with the core Bank team, the Task Team Leader (TTL) of the Bank is responsible for coordinating the organization of the event, liaising and interacting with key stakeholders, appraising Bank management on progress, identifying and inviting panelists and keynote speakers, hiring facilitators for moderating and rapporteuring the Colloquium, and ensuring that a concise Colloquium output in the form of a report is prepared, reviewed and submitted to the Bank’s management. The Bank team in Kenya and Washington D.C. will carry out activities related to the preparation, invitation of participants and provide other logistical support. The Colloquium sessions will be conducted in English with simultaneous translation to Kiswahili.

A Taskforce or Reference Group will be nominated from the various stakeholder groups participating in the Colloquium and charged with developing a draft synthesis report on actionable proposals, recommendations/decisions that will be discussed during the plenary on the last day of the Colloquium. This group will be assisted by two local facilitators who have been hired to help moderate, facilitate and deliver the Colloquium outputs/outcomes. The facilitators will submit a full report of the event proceedings to the TTL no later than 2 weeks following the Colloquium.

d. Consultation on the Design of the Colloquium

Forest-dependent communities’/Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups’ (VMGs’) leaders, Government agencies at the national and county levels, Constitutional Commissions, the private sector, and other key stakeholders play a very important role in the preparation and delivery of the Colloquium. To ensure that the preparation of the Colloquium is informed by the views of stakeholders, a set of informal discussions have been organized during January and February on the design and agenda of the Colloquium. A small number of representatives from 14 counties where forest-dependent communities/VMGs have been officially identified, and other forest adjacent communities’ leaders active in the NRM sector, are also invited to participate in these informal discussions. The informal meetings also help validate the list of invitees from the communities to the Colloquium to facilitate legitimate and transparent representation.

e. Participation

The Colloquium is expected to engage the active stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya at all levels. They are planned to include: (i) the VMGs and forest-dependent communities; (ii) community-based forest management associations and user groups; (iii) Government representatives (including MoEWNR, Kenya Forest Service, Kenya Wildlife Service, independent Constitutional Commissions such as National Land Commission, etc.) at the local, county and national levels; (iv) national and international NGOs/CSOs (including Amnesty International, Forest Peoples Programme, Katiba Institute, IUCN, ACT, SKWT, etc.); (v) private sector representatives; (vi) Development Partners; and (vii) international experts from Tanzania, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico and United States of America.

f. Criteria for selection of Community Representatives to the Colloquium 

Community participants to the Colloquium will be self-selected from various counties that have forest-dependent communities present in them. These participants will be expected to have great command of issues within their communities and demonstrate ability to eloquently present these issues in languages best suited for them. Participants who previously engaged with the WB will be invited to extend the dialogue through the Colloquium. Attention will be given to gender balance, as well as youth from the forest-dependent communities. Participants are expected to represent the views of their communities and should have organized mechanisms, including traditional means, to communicate back to their constituencies. Participants from the closed NRMP focus areas will be given priority.

The expected spectrum of participants is as follows: forest-dependent community members, national and international CSOs/NGOs, private sector organizations (mostly timber producers and manufacturers), Government officials, independent Constitutional Commissions, national and international experts (speakers/respondents/discussants), development partners and World Bank staff will constitute the Colloquium participants. The total number of participants is estimated at around 250.

g. Agenda

The four-day event will allow various stakeholders to share knowledge and lessons on effective ways of: (i) securing the participation and engagement of particularly forest-dependent communities in forest management; and (ii) treating and addressing land use and land rights issues that affect forest management as a whole, but also the rights of forest-dependent communities to forest resources.

The discussions will build on the series of workshops and dialogues that the GoK has already held on community engagement in forest management, forest resource governance, and land use and land rights issues. Specifically, it will follow the National Forum for Forest Dependent Communities, organized by the Kenya Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MoEWNR) from January 19-21, 2015 in Nakuru with participation by forest-dependent communities across Kenya. They included the Ogieks and Sengwers (drawn from ten counties of Nakuru, Narok, Kericho, Nandi, Baringo, Uasin Gishu, Elgeiyo-Marakwet, Trans Nzoia, West Pokot and Bungoma).

The overarching emphasis will be on the continued dialogue in order to identify effective and constructive ways to deepen the engagement of forest-dependent communities in forest management and a way forward on forest tenure and access rights issues. Therefore, the Colloquium agenda will be focusing on knowledge and experience sharing sessions among participating stakeholders including communities, local and national government, private sector, development partners, CSOs/NGOs and local and international experts. Some of the key topics of discussions would include: (i) Stakeholder participation and engagement in forest and natural resource management; (ii) Benefit sharing; (iii) Finding effective and practical mechanisms for resolving historical land use and land right issues; (iv) Institutional, policy and legal issues related to the forest sector; and (v) Review of the proceedings of the National Forum.

h. Costs

The cost of the Colloquium will be covered by the World Bank, with financial support from the European Union.

 

PDF Version: English | Swahili

 

DATES & AGENDA ITEMS

Speakers/Panelists

Session Chairs/Moderators/Facilitators

March 2, 2015: Arrival and check-in of community members at Starbucks Hotel. Arrival of those interested to go on the aerial tour of the Cherangany Forest and Mt. Elgon Forest

March 3, 2015:  Forest-dependent Communities’ Dedicated (Closed) Session

Morning: Registration 

 

 

Sharing of objectives of the Colloquium

 

 

Sharing outcomes of the National Forum

 

 

Finalization of specific community group memorandum

 

 

Selection of community speakers at the Colloquium

 

 

Afternoon:  Building consensus on emerging issues and finalizing a community position paper

 

 

March 3, 2015: Aerial Tour of Forest Sites

 

 

10.00 – 15:00: Aerial flights over the Embobut Forest in Cherangany Hills and Mt. Elgon Forest

To be jointly organized with KFS and KWS

 

Day 1 (March 4, 2015): Community Presentations

07:30 - 08:30

Registration of participants to the Colloquium

Secretariat composed of National Forest Program and World Bank

 

08:30 - 09:00

Recognition of dignataries to the Colloquium

 

 

09:00 - 09:30

Cultural blessings and performances

 

 

09:30 - 12:30

Session 1.1: Official opening

  • Overview of outcomes of the January 2015 National Forum and the road to the Colloquium (MoEWNR)
  • Remarks by a Community Representative (TBD)
  • Remarks by the Private Sector Representative (TBD)
  • Interlude with cultural performance (Sengwer Community)
  • Remarks by the Representatives of European Union/Embassy of Finland
  • Remarks by the Country Director, World Bank
  • Welcoming remarks by Governor, Uasin Gishu County
  • Welcoming remarks by Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MoEWNR)
  • Key Note Address

 

Master of Ceremonies: Regional Commissioner for Rift Valley, Mr. Osman Warfa

Master of Ceremonies: Regional Commissioner for Rift Valley, Mr. Osman Warfa

 

Photographing

 

 

12:30 - 13:30

Lunch Break

 

 

14:00 - 16:40

 

Session 1.2: Presentation of community memoranda

 

Speakers

  • Community representatives

 

Moderators and Facilitators

16:40 - 17:00

Health Break

 

 

17:00 - 18:30

Session 1.3: Panelists/Roundtable discussion on key issues emerging from the community memoranda presentations

Panelists

  • Dr. Richard Lesiyampe, PS, State Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MoEWNR)
  • Mr, Emilio Mugo, Ag. Director, Kenya Forest Service (KFS)
  • Dr. Korir Sing’oe, Legal Advisor, The Presidency
  • Ms. Lydia Kisoyan, Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)
  • Commissioner (Dr.) Clement Lenashuru, National Land Commission (NLC)
  • Mr. James Wagalla, Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution (CIC)
  • Prof. Raphael Munavu, Commission on Revenue Allocation (CRA)
  • Mr. Ismael Maaruf, Director, Commission on Administrative Justice (CRA)
  • Mr. Peter Wandera and Ms. Mwajuma Abdi, National Association of Community Forest AssociationCommunity Forest Associations (NACOFA)
  • Mr. Odenda Lumumba, Kenya Land Alliance
  • Mr. Justin Kenrick, Forest Peoples Programs (FPP)
  • Community Representative
  • Mr. Gerado Segura
  • Mr. Alex Asare

 

Moderator

  • Dr. Esther Mwangi, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) 

19:00 - 21:00

Cocktail Reception/Cultural performances from participants

 

 

Day 2 (March 5, 2015): Institutional, Policy, Legal Frameworks and Programs

 

 

09:00 - 10:30

Session 2.1: Frameworks and Programs

  • Overview of Day 1 (by Facilitators)
  • Institutional, policy, legislative frameworks and programs related to:
    • The 2010 Constitution and relevant provisions related to forest management (Mr. Charles Nyachae/James Wagalla)
    • Land ownership and tenure arrangements, including use rights and land legacy (Dr. John Bruce  and Dr. Collins Odote
    • Overview on initiatives in Kenya’s forest management (Mr. Emilio Mugo)
    • Community forest management vis-a-vis traditional/customary administration and governance (Mr. Josphat Parkipuny Koin)

Speakers

  • Mr. Charles Nyachae, Chairman of the Commission for the Implementation of the Constitution (CIC)/Mr. James Wagalla
  • John Bruce, Consultant World Bank
  • Dr. Collins Odote, Lecturer, University of Nairobi
  • Mr. Emilio Mugo, Ag. Director Kenya Forest Service
  • Mr. Josphat P. Koin, Naimina Enkiyo Community Representative

 

 

 

Moderator

  • Mr. Jonathan Lindsay

 

10:30 - 11:00

Health Break

 

 

11:00 - 13:00

Session 2.2: Panelists/Roundtable discussion on key issues emerging from the presentations on inst., policy, legisl. frameworks and programs

Panelists

  • Commissioner (Dr.) Clement Lenashuru, National Land Commission
  • Mr. James Wagalla, CIC
  • Dr. Korir Sing’oe, Legal Advisor, The Presidency
  • Dr. Liz Alden Wily, International Forest Tenure Specialist
  • County Government Representative, Mr. Richard Rop, CEC Environment Member, Nakuru County
  • Mr. Odenda Lumumba, Kenya Land Alliance

Moderator

  • Commissioner (Prof.) Raphael Munavu

13:00 - 14:00

Lunch Break

 

 

14:00 - 15:30

Session 2.3: Benefit Distribution & Conflict Resolution

  • The Kenya Benefit Sharing Bill  (Senator Dr. Agnes Zani)
  • Lessons from Implementation of the Equalization Fund on Benefit Sharing ( Commissioner (Prof.) Raphael Munavu)
  • Role of County Governments in Forest Management with Reference to Benefit Sharing (Hon. Gabriel Lagat)
  • Grievance redress and dispute handling mechanisms/Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) mechanisms  (Ms. Kananu Kinya Mutea)
  • Occupation, resettlement and evictions in the Kenya forest sector (Mr. Joseph Macharia, Senior Economist from MoDP)
  • Concept of Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and how it could be applied (Mr. Kanyinke Sena)

 

 

Speakers

  • Senator (Dr.) Agnes Zani
  • Commissioner (Prof.) Raphael Munavu, Commission on Revenue Allocation
  • Hon. Gabriel Lagat, Deputy Governor of the County Government of Elgeyo Marakwet
  • Ms. Kananu Kinya Mutea, Co-Convener ADR Committee, Law Society of Kenya
  • Mr. Joseph Macharia, Senior Economist from MoDP
  • Mr. Kanyinke Sena, Consultant Inidgenous Peoples Issues

 

 

Moderator

  • Mr. Victor Mosoti, World Bank

15:30 - 16:00

Health Break

 

 

16:00 - 18:00

Session 2.4: Panelists/Roundtable discussion on key issues emerging from the presentations on benefit distribution and conflict resolution

Panelists

  • Mr. Jonathan Lindsay, World Bank
  • Commisisoner (Prof.) Gitile Naituli, National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC)
  • Dr. Amenya Nyakundi, Commission on Revenue Allocation (CRA)
  • Mr. Ismael Maaruf, Director, Commission on Administrative Justice
  • National Treasury
  • National Assembly, Land and Natural Resources Committee
  • Community Representative

 

Moderator

  • Mr. Victor Mosoti, World Bank

Day 3 (March 6, 2015): Participation and Stakeholder Engagement

 

 

09:00 - 10:30

Session 3.1: Participatory forest management

  • Overview of Day 3 - Moderator
  • Community participation in forest resources management. What has worked? What has not worked? What are good models and practices? (Mr. Joseph Kigula and Mr. Alex Asare)
  • Resources rights in PFM systems (Dr. Esther Mwangi)

 

 

 

Speakers

  • Dr. G. Segura - Latin America experience
  • Mr. Joseph Kigula – Tanzania experience
  • Mr. Alex Asare - Ghana experience
  • Dr. Esther Mwangi, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

 

Moderator

  • Prof. Njoroge Karanja

10:30 - 11:00

Health Break

 

 

11:00 - 12:30

Session 3.1 (cont.): Participatory forest management

  • Experiences in PFM – Innovative models in PFM from international perspectives (Mr. Robert Wild)
  • Experiences in PFM – Kenya’s Experiences (Mr. Joram Kagombe)
  • Ogiek (Chepkitale)/KFS/KWS Partnership in Forest partnership in forest and wildlife conservation and management through community scouts (Mr. Peter Kitelo)
  • Other Kenya Experiences (Ms. Mwajuma Abdi and Mr. Peter Wandera)

 

Speakers

  • Mr. Robert Wild, IUCN
  • Mr. Joram Kagombe, Kenya Forest Research Institute (KEFRI)
  • Mr. Peter Kitelo from Ogiek, Chepkitale Indigenous Peoples Development Organization (CIPDO)
  • Ms. Mwajuma Abdi and Mr. Peter Wandera, National Alliance of Community Forest Association (NACOFA)

 

Moderator

  • Prof. Njoroge Karanja

12:30 -13:30

Lunch Break

 

 

13:30 -15:00

Session 3.2: Panelists/Roundtable discussion on key issues emerging from the presentations on participatory forest management

 

 

Panelist
  • Mr. Alex Lemarkoko, Kenya Forest Service (KFS)
  • Mr. Colins Omondi, Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)
  • Mr. Ashfaq Khalfan or Mr. Chris Chapman, Amnesty International (AI)
  • Mr. Justin Kenrick, Forest Peoples Program (FPP)
  • Mr. Nickson Orwa, (WWF)
  • Prof. Njororge Karanja, Friends of Karura Forest

Moderator

  • Dr. G. Segura, World Bank

15:00 - 15:30

Health Break

 

 

15:30 - 18:00

Session 3.3: Action planning and presentation - Leader Reference (Technical) Committee
  • Presentation of key issues and outcomes
  • Where do we go from here?
  • Roadmap

 

  • Facilitators
  • Leader of Reference (Technical) Group*
  • Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources

 

Moderator

  • Leader of Reference Group

 

Session 3.4: Closing remarks

  • Community Representative
  • Principal Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
  • World Bank
  • Governor for Uasin Gishu County

Moderator

  • Mr. Gideon Gathaara, Conservation Secretary, MOEWNR

 

  • Facilitators are: Messrs. Maina Githinji and Stanley Kimaren Riamit
  • Each session is organized to include a 15 - 20-minute presentation followed by a moderated panelist discussion at the end of day
  • A Taskforce or Reference (Technical) Group will be established from the various stakeholder groups (plus facilitators) and charged with developing a draft synthesis report on actionable proposals, recommendations/decisions that will be presented and discussed during the plenary on the last day of the Colloquium

 

·         *Proposed Reference (Technical) Group Members: Dr. Jonathan Lindsay (WB);  Mr. Robert Wild (IUCN); Dr. Liz Alden Wily, International Forest Tenure Specialist (Consultant);  Mr. Peter Kitelo (FDC); Ms. Judy Ndichu (UNDP);  Mr. Justin Kenrick (FPP); Dr. Esther Mwangi (CIFOR); Mr. David Mutisya (NFP);  Mr. Emilio Mugo  (KFS);  Ms. Lydia Kisoyan (KWS), Mr. Victor Mosoti (World Bank)

 

 

list of side events

 

Institution / Group

Nature of event

Contact person

1

Yiaku Community Documentary

Photogallery & video

Ms. Sylvia Museiya. Email: sylviakaparo@gmail.com. Mobile No. +254729734676

2

Case Studies on Indigenous Peoples Perspectives on Forest Management

Documentary film

Indigenous Peoples National Steering Committee on Climate Change (IPNSCCC)

3

Access to Justice

Commission on Administrative Justice (CAJ)

Mr. Ismael Maaruf. Director, Office of the Ombudsman. Mobile No. +25472278489

4

Community Land Designs; Experiences from the Boni Community

Documentary and presentation

Mr. Kevin Doyle bbossoxx@gmail.com, 0715555248

5

Bungoma County Presentation on Forest and Watershed Management

Documentary film

Hon. Teresa Barasa

6

Kenya Forest Service

Exhibition of KFS activities in Mt Elgon, Cherangani and Embobut forest blocks including documentariesREDD+ Readiness activities and on-going climate change initiatives in Kenya.

Ms. Anne Kaari, Head Corporate Communication. Email   akaari@kenyaforestservice.org. Mobile No +254 722 371 681

Ms. Rose Akombo, Climate Change response Program. Email: rakombo@gmail.com. Mobile No. +254 727 682 925

 

 

PDF version

 

Why is the WB organizing a Colloquium to discuss the participation and inclusion of forest dwelling communities in forest management?

The World Bank is organizing a Colloquium in collaboration with the Government of Kenya to provide a platform to promote dialogue between the Government and stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya. It is committed to facilitate a dialogue and cooperation in forest management including land use and rights issues among forest stakeholders including the Sengwer and Ogiek people around Cherangany Hills.  

What are the key objectives of the Colloquium?

The key objectives of the Colloquium are to: (i) facilitate constructive dialogue and foster cooperation among key stakeholders in the forest sector in Kenya; and (ii) share national and global experience and best practices on the management of forest resources for win-win solutions for poverty reduction, livelihoods improvement and environmental sustainability.

What will be the outcomes expected from the Colloquium?

It is expected that the outcomes of the Colloquium will inform the discussions around the National Forest Program (NFP) and further development of a national forest development framework.

Who will be the key participants in the Colloquium?

Key participants in the Colloquium will be the stakeholders interested in the forest sector in Kenya, including representatives from all the 14 counties that host the vulnerable and marginalized forest communities, the Sengwer, Ogiek, and other forest dependent communities, senior officials from the relevant Government of Kenya institutions at the national and County levels, civil society organizations, researchers, private sector, international experts, and development partners including the World Bank.

Why focus on the forest sector?

Growing demand for land and other land resources has put tremendous pressure on Kenya’s natural resource base, especially water and forests. The country is highly water scarce, and the management of forests and watersheds has a direct impact on water resources and, more broadly on livelihoods, prosperity, and resilience. Unsustainable management and depletion of the natural resources have reduced Kenya’s relatively small forested area from about 10 percent of its land area at independence in 1963 to an estimated 6.9% forest cover presently.  Indigenous forests play a critical role in Kenya’s society and culture, and were planned to be managed to conserve water supplies, reduce soil erosion and (to a lesser extent) produce timber.

Was the World Bank involved in the evictions of the Sengwer in Embobut Forest and Cherangany Hills of Kenya?

The World Bank has not been involved in the forced eviction of Kenya’s forest communities, including the Sengwer people of Embobut Forest and the Cherangany Hills.  In fact the Bank has raised strong concerns with the Government of Kenya (GoK) about the eviction of communities from the Embobut Forest and Cherangany Hills. The   World Bank’s independent Inspection Panel has conducted an investigation into claims by some members of the Sengwer community around the Cherangany Hills alleging that they were forcibly evicted from their homes in the Embobut forests of the Cherangany Hills due to a World Bank-funded Natural Resource Management Project (NRMP) that closed on June 30, 2013. The Panel’s  report, concluded that the World Bank was not linked to the evictions in the Cherangany Hills areas, including the Embobut Forest, and that no evictions were supported by the NRMP. A copy of the Inspection Panel’s report and Management’s Response can be found on the Panel’s website: https://ewebapps.worldbank.org/apps/ip/Pages/ViewCase.aspx?CaseId=89

What has the Government been doing about these problems?

Throughout 2014 the Government carried out consultations with forest dwelling communities in various parts of the country including the Ogieks and Sengwers and helped them to elect through a self-selection process the leaders who would act as their representative in subsequent discussions with the Government. In January 2015, the Government hosted a four-day National Forum in Nakuru for the forest-dependent communities to respond to communities’ livelihood concerns and to promote the conservation of forests. In addition, recognition of the acute problems in the forest sector led the Government of Kenya to prepare a Forest Policy and the Forests Act, which received parliamentary approval in 2005. The main goals of the reform of the forest sector were to increase efficiency, ensure protection and sustainable forest use, and promote poverty reduction. Strengthening forest governance, therefore, is critical for the success of these efforts. The Forests Act embraced participatory forest management, whereby community forest associations (CFAs) would be recognized as partners. It also promoted private sector participation to enhance the competitiveness of the sector. In parallel, Kenya is participating in different international conventions such as United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United Nations Convention on Drought and Desertification (UNCDD) and United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD), and initiatives such as the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and the UN-REDD Program. Such partnerships provide opportunities that could foster community engagement in the forest sector.

 

How has the World Bank participated in the sustainable management of the forest sector in Kenya?

The World Bank supported the Government of Kenya in the sustainable management of the forest sector through the Natural Resource Management Project (NRMP). The project implemented during 2007 - 2013, aimed at strengthening policies and practices to ensure the sustainable provision of water, improved irrigation, and enhanced forest management. Overall, the NRMP delivered significant results. More than 145,000 rural people have benefited from irrigation works or through community-driven micro-projects and livelihood opportunities contributing to the improvement of income of vulnerable and marginalized forest communities. In addition, around 320,000 hectares of forest area is now being managed according to the approved forest management plans. The Project has also confirmed several important lessons. They include that sustainable forest management is constrained in many parts of Kenya by conflicts and/or uncertainty concerning the respective rights of local people and government to forest resources and to the land in and around forests.

How does the World Bank plan to provide support to the forest sector in Kenya?

The World Bank is committed to facilitating dialogue, learning and knowledge sharing to support the forest sector in Kenya. Thus, the upcoming Colloquium will deliver a report that will contain actionable proposals to continue and stimulate the dialogue that has already been started between the Government and various stakeholders including forest-dependent communities across the country. It will provide the ongoing National Forest Program with policy and programming content for the Government of Kenya’s engagement with forest dependent communities and other key stakeholders. In collaboration with other development partners, the World Bank will also be exploring ways of supporting the forest sector using appropriate funding mechanisms such as the REDD+ program supported through the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).

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