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Agricultural Water Productivity
Going Beyond Agricultural Water Productivity - International Workshop
December 8-9, 2014World Bank Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

Organized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA/ERS), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), and the World Bank Group (WBG).

The international workshop, “Going beyond Agricultural Water Productivity,” will take place at the World Bank Main Complex in Washington, D.C. on December 8-9, 2014. It is co-organized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (USDA/ERS), the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), and the World Bank Group (WBG), including the Agriculture and Water Global Practices.  

With growing water scarcity in many parts of the world and projections indicating the need to increase agricultural production—and, associated with that, agricultural water use— it is often recommended that efforts should focus on improving “agricultural water productivity.” Significant public and private investments are being made with this goal in mind.

However, the term “agricultural water productivity” is often used quite vaguely, and there is little systematic discussion on the instruments for improving water productivity and/or efficiency in agriculture. The topic is complex, in part, because of the unique characteristics of water, such as the various externalities associated with return flows. Another reason is the inherent interdisciplinary nature of the topic, involving hydrology and hydrogeology, civil and irrigation engineering, agronomy and crop physiology, as well as economics. Each discipline tends to have a different focus, using different concepts and methodological approaches, and suggesting different instruments and policies.

New initiatives are needed to facilitate more in-depth discussions and exchanges among the disciplines, involving both researchers and others that advise on policies and investments. The aim of the workshop is to reach more clarity -- and possibly a more integrative view -- on "agricultural water productivity" and, most likely, broader approaches to help address rising water and food security concerns.

The workshop will bring together leading experts with different disciplinary backgrounds, and span over two days with seven sessions. The session topics will include:  

  • Why Focus on Agricultural Water Productivity?
  • Interventions, Adaptations, and Unintended Consequences
  • Tackling the Complexities: Insights from Key Disciplines
  • Agricultural Water Productivity and Beyond: Economic Approaches
  • Data Issues and Indicators
  • Going Forward: Conceptual and Data Issues
  • Going Forward: Policy Implications
To watch the live webstream, or download the presentations and watch the recordings after the event, click here
 

For more information, please contact: sscheierling@worldbank.org

Last Updated: Dec 09, 2014

The presentations and recordings will be made available after the event.

Monday, December 8, 2014

8:30 - 9:00 Registration | Room MC C2-131
   
9:00 - 9:10     

Welcome
Video: Welcome

Keith O. Fuglie (Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS)

Meredith Giordano (Adviser, Research Strategy and Management, IWMI)

Susanne M. Scheierling (Sr. Irrigation Water Economist, Water Global Practice, WBG)

   
9:10 - 9:30

Opening Remarks  
Video: Opening Remarks

Marca Weinberg (Director, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS)

Peter McCornick (Deputy Director General, Research, IWMI)

Jennifer Sara (Director, Water Global Practice, WBG)

   
9:30 - 10:45

Session 1: Why Focus on Agricultural Water Productivity?  
Chair: Severin Kodderitzsch (Practice Manager for Africa, Agriculture Global Practice, WBG)
Video: Session 1 recording     

“Maintaining Food Security under Growing Water Scarcity"
Claudia Ringler (Deputy Division Director, Environment and Production Technology Division,
International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI)
      
“Evolving Thinking on Agricultural Water Productivity”
Meredith Giordano (Adviser, Research Strategy and Management, IWMI) (PDF)
      
“Do Estimates of Water Productivity Enhance Understanding of Farm-Level Water Management?”
Dennis Wichelns (Bloomingdale, IN) (PDF)

“Increasing Agricultural Water Productivity: Promises and Perils”     
Susanne M. Scheierling (Sr. Irrigation Water Economist, Water Global Practice, WBG) and David O. Treguer
(Natural Resources Economist, Agriculture Global Practice, WBG) (PDF)

Q&A

   
10:45 - 11:00 Coffee
   
11:00 - 13:00

Session 2: Interventions, Adaptations, and Unintended Consequences   
Chair:  William Rex (a/Practice Manager for Global Programs, Water Global Practice, WBG)
Video: Session 2 recording

“Trends in U.S. Irrigated Agriculture and Effects of Improved Irrigation Efficiencies”
Noel Gollehon (Sr. Economist, Natural Resources Conservation Service, USDA) (PDF)

“The Experience of Recent Policy Changes in Australia and China”
Hugh Turral (Consultant, IWMI) (PDF)

“Farm-level Impacts of Participation in the U.S. Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)”
Steven Wallander (Economist, USDA/ERS) (PDF)

“Shifting Water Balances under Climate Change: Implications for Agricultural Adaptations in the U.S.”
Marcel Aillery (Agricultural Economist, USDA/ERS) (PDF)

Q&A

   
13:00 - 14:30 Lunch
   
14:30 - 15:45

Session 3: Tackling the Complexities: Insights from Key Disciplines    
Chair:  Stephen Mink (Lead Economist, Agriculture Global Practice, WBG)
Video: Session 3 recording

“Accounting for Hydrological Processes and Groundwater Circulation” (via videoconference from Nairobi)
Jacob Burke (Lead Irrigation Specialist, WBG) (PDF)

“Interaction of Plants with Their Hydroenvironments, and Implications for Water Use Efficiency”
Theodore C. Hsiao (Department of Land, Air and Water Resources, University of California, Davis) (PDF)

“Looking for Water in the Agricultural Productivity and Efficiency Literature”
David O. Treguer (Natural Resources Economist, Agriculture Global Practice, WBG) and Susanne M. Scheierling
(Sr. Irrigation Water Economist, Water Global Practice, WBG) (PDF)

Q&A

   
15:45 - 16:00 Coffee
   
16:00 - 18:00

Session 4:  Agricultural Water Productivity and Beyond: Economic Approaches 
Chair: Dina Umali-Deininger (Practice Manager for Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Water Global Practice,
World Bank Group)
Video: Session 4 recording

“Total Factor Productivity in Agriculture: Taking into Account Water”
Keith O. Fuglie (Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS) (PDF)

“Natural Endowments, Choice, and Productivity: An Example from Ecuador”
Donald F. Larson (Sr. Research Economist, Development Research Group, WBG) (PDF)

“Agricultural Productivity Growth and Water: Evidence from the Frontier”
Boris E. Bravo-Ureta (Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Connecticut; and Agricultural Economics,
Universidad de Talca, Chile), Roberto Jara (Agricultural Economics, Universidad de Talca, Chile),
Michée Lachaud (Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Connecticut)
and Victor Moreira (Agricultural Economics, Universidad Austral de Chile) (PDF)

“Efficiency of Irrigation Water and Productivity Measurement” (via videoconference from Penn State)
Spiro Stefanou (Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, Pennsylvania State University)
and Vangelis Tzouvelekas (Department of Economics, University of Crete) (PDF)

“Insights from Hydroeconomic Modeling”
James Booker (Economics Department, Siena College) (PDF)

Q&A

 

Tuesday, December 9, 2014 | Room MC C2-137

9:00 - 10:45

Session 5: Data Issues and Indicators 
Chair:  Glenn Schaible (Agricultural Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS)
Video: Session 5 recording

"Water Productivity Indicators: What Do They Tell Us?"
Keith O. Fuglie (Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS) (PDF)

“Remote Sensing Applications for Estimating Evapotranspiration”
Christopher Neale (Research Director, Robert B. Daugherty Water for Food Institute, University of Nebraska) (PDF)

“Relevance of Water Accounting for Agriculture”
Peter McCornick (Deputy Director General, Research, IWMI) and Hugh Turral (Consultant, IWMI) (PDF)

“Monitoring Groundwater Variability from Space”
Matthew Rodell (Laboratory Chief, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA)

“Indicators for Agricultural Water Use”
Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (Adviser, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, UN-DESA) (PDF)

Q&A

   
10:45 - 11:00
Coffee
   
11:00 - 12:30

Session 6: Panel Discussion on Going Forward: Conceptual and Data Issues
Moderator:  Michael A. Toman (Research Manager, Development Research Group, WBG)
Video: Session 6 recording

David O. Treguer (Natural Resources Economist, Agriculture Global Practice, WBG) (PDF)

Keith O. Fuglie (Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS)

Seleshi Bekele Awulachew (Adviser, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, UN-DESA)

Boris E. Bravo-Ureta (Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Connecticut;
and Agricultural Economics, Universidad de Talca, Chile) (PDF)

Spiro Stefanou (Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, Pennsylvania State University)

James Booker (Economics Department, Siena College)

Q&A

   
12:30 - 14:00 Lunch
   
14:00 - 15:30

Session 7: Panel Discussion on Going Forward: Policy Implications  
Moderator:  Marianne Fay (Chief Economist, Climate Change Vice-Presidency, WBG)
Video: Session 7 recording

Noel Gollehon (Sr. Economist, Natural Resources Conservation Service, USDA)

Theodore C. Hsiao (Department of Land, Air and Water Resources, University of California, Davis)

Keith O. Fuglie (Economist, Resource and Rural Economics Division, USDA/ERS)

Susanne M. Scheierling (Sr. Irrigation Water Economist, Water Global Practice, WBG)

Peter McCornick (Deputy Director General, Research, IWMI)

Q&A

   
15:30 - 15:35 Closing Remarks  

Peter McCornick
(Deputy Director General, Research, IWMI)
   
15:35 - 16:00 Coffee

 

Last Updated: Jan 14, 2015

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Last Updated: Nov 25, 2014