Gender at Work: Barriers and Promising Approaches to Women's Economic Participation
October 12, 2013Washington, D.C.

Constraints on women’s economic opportunities are present throughout the life cycle, and hinder women's equal participation in the world of work.


A new gender companion to the 2013 World Development Report on Jobs will highlight significant forms of gender segregation in the world of work, and summarize key constraints such as discriminatory laws or norms, exposure to violence, and insufficient access to education and skills-development that have significant consequences for women's work. The report will also highlight the "business case" for investing in gender equity in the world of work, both for the public and private sectors.

During this moderated panel, we discuss emerging findings from the World Bank's Gender at Work report and the IMF's recent paper on Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains From Gender Equity. Join us for an exchange on what works, what doesn't, and on how to support more evidence-based policy making to reduce gender gaps in the world of work. Follow the conversation on Twitter with #genderatwork. 


Kalpana Kochhar
International Monetary Fund Deputy Director, Strategy, Policy and Review Department

On Twitter: @KalpanaKochhar

Ms. Kochhar brings two decades of experience to her coverage of countries from India all the way to Australia and New Zealand and she held various management and research positions at the International Monetary Fund for Bhutan, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, the Philippines, Singapore, and Sri Lanka. Between 2010 and 2012, she was the World Bank's Chief Economist for South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka). She was Deputy Director in the Asia and Pacific Department from 2008, leading the IMF’s work on Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal. She has also worked on China, Korea and the Philippines. Prior to that, she spent time in the IMF’s Research Department, the Strategy and Policy Review Department and in the Fiscal Affairs department. Ms. Kochhar’s research interests and publications have mainly focused on studies of Asian economies, including a major report on jobs in South Asia. She holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in Economics from Brown University and an M.A. in Economics from Delhi School of Economics in India. She has a B.A in Economics from Madras University in India.

Elizabeth Broderick
Sex Discrimination Commissioner, Australia

On Twitter: @LizBroderick

Ms. Broderick has been Australia’s Sex Discrimination Commissioner since 2007 and was also the Commissioner responsible for Age Discrimination from September 2007 until July. She has travelled the length and breadth of Australia listening to women and men’s concerns about gender equality and age discrimination. In 2009, she accompanied a group of Aboriginal women to the United Nations where they told their story of rebuilding their community following years of alcohol abuse. She has been a strong advocate for Australia’s national paid parental leave scheme and more recently has championed the changes to the ASX Corporate Governance Principles to increase the number of women at decision-making level. Elizabeth is a member of the World Bank’s Advisory Council on Gender and Development.

Jeni Klugman
Director, Gender and Development, the World Bank

Jeni Klugman is the Director of Gender and Development at the World Bank Group, where she serves as lead spokesperson on gender equality issues, and is responsible for developing strategic directions to support the insitution's gender and development priorities. She also serves on several advisory boards, including the World Economic Forum's Advisory Board on Sustainability and Competitiveness, and those related to the work of the Council on Foreign Relations, Plan International, International Civil Society Network, UNDP 2013 World Report on Democratic Governance, and a European Union research program on GDP and beyond.


Rachel Kyte
Vice President for Sustainable Development, World Bank

On Twitter: @rkyte365

Rachel Kyte is the vice president for sustainable development at the World Bank, where she has overall responsibilities for the organization’s global work in agriculture, environment, energy, infrastructure, urban, and social development, along with global public goods issues in those areas. Prior to her appointment in 2011, she was the International Finance Corporation's vice president for business advisory services and a member of IFC's management team.

  • "Emerging Messages: Gender at Work"
    Key messages from Gender at Work, a companion report to the World Development Report 2013 on Jobs
  • "Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains From Gender Equity"
  • Presentation: Jeni Klugman
  • Presentation: Kalpana Kochhar