Today’s urban population of about 3.5 billion people is projected to reach 5 billion by 2030, with two-thirds of the global population living in cities. City leaders must move quickly to plan for growth and provide the basic services, infrastructure, and affordable housing their expanding populations need.
Read More »
BAMAKO, July 16, 2014 - Sprawled along on the banks of the Niger River, 650 kilometers upriver from Bamako, lies the city of Mopti. One of Mali’s largest secondary cities, Mopti has a g... Show More +rowing population of more than 110,000 inhabitants and an equally rising incidence of poverty.Like many Malian cities, Mopti’s remote location isolates it from the country’s administrative center, making development and decentralization a real challenge. Mopti receives few financial transfers from the capital for infrastructure investments, severely limiting the local government’s ability to maintain existing infrastructure and deliver basic public services. In the wake of the 2012 coup d’état, Mali seeks to strengthen the institutional capacities of secondary cities such as Mopti, Sikasso, and Segou, in addition to those of Bamako to improve governance, infrastructure, delivery of social services, and civil society participation at a local level.Through the framework of the Urban Local Government Support Project, financed by a 70 million dollar World Bank credit, Mali will work to empower its municipalities so that they are not only better structured and more accountable, but also so that they can conceive and implement development programs according to the input of their constituents.In order to encourage efficiency and transparency within local governments, the project allots performance-based investments grants that are disbursed in installments to municipalities only when they have proven their ability to deliver a public service or structure. The better a city performs according to independent performance evaluations, the larger their grant is for the next year.Progress is already underway as Mali’s municipal governments have begun hosting town halls with community leaders and civil society representatives to identify and implement key infrastructure needs such as the restoration of markets, the construction of roads and gutters, and the extension of public street light networks. Show Less -
Results The Project had positive impacts on overcoming poverty, which included: i) direct effects on the early stabilization of the vulnerable and displaced population whose poverty has been exac... Show More +erbated by the armed conflict; ii) greater social capacities for confronting poverty, associated with greater social integration, the strengthening of social organizations and networks, and an increase in community reciprocity; and iii) an increase in the level of trust and community relations with public institutions, helping 7 out of 10 participants to enroll in State social programs associated with the fight against extreme poverty and the provision of assistance to the displaced population.Social, economic and environmental assets were generated for a total of 89, 367 beneficiaries, more than 60% of whom were enrolled in income-generation and social, cultural and environmental management subprojects. More than 700 subprojects were implemented by social and community based organizations.In terms of institutional and organizational strengthening, the Project strengthened the State at the local level, as it increased citizen and political participation, and effectively involved beneficiary organizations in matters of municipal life. 664 beneficiary organizations were strengthened during the life of the Project. 60% increased their capacity indexes above the initial levels. Through the direct implementation of several types of subprojects, these organizations have increased their capabilities and are influencing public policies at the regional and local level.Finally, the Peace and Development Program has been incorporated in three National Development Plans (2002-2006, 2006-2010 and 2010-2014), and its innovative intervention model has inspired several National Policy Documents (CONPES) in the following areas: Victim’s Integral Reparation, Community Action Boards, Children and Young People Recruitment Prevention, Promotion of Citizen’s Participation, Territorial Consolidation and Reconstruction, Fight Against Corruption, Youth National Policy and other national policies (Democratic Culture and Entrepreneurship). Show Less -