Today’s urban population of about 3.5 billion people is projected to reach 5 billion by 2030, with two-thirds of the global population living in cities. City leaders must move quickly to plan for growth and provide the basic services, infrastructure, and affordable housing their expanding populations need.
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This paper describes the causes and
consequences of post-war municipal amalgamations in Japan.
It shows that recent amalgamations have been inspired in
part by the ... Show More +desire to ensure that municipalities thus formed
had sufficient capacity to deliver important public services
in such areas as education, sanitation and welfare. It notes
that there may be cost-efficiency gains associated with
amalgamation in that the costs of delivering public services
in Japan appear to be lower for larger municipalities (up to
a point). Furthermore, case studies of some prefectures show
that voter turnout in elections is not significantly
affected by amalgamations. Show Less -