Sustainable development recognizes that growth must be both inclusive and environmentally sound to reduce poverty and build shared prosperity for today’s population and to continue to meet the needs of future generations. It must be efficient with resources and carefully planned to deliver immediate and long-term benefits for people, planet, and prosperity.
Read More »
“Addressing the spatial inequalities in the country, reflected in the townships, is essential to improving the lives of people,” said Asad Alam, World Bank Group country director for South Africa. “We... Show More + hope this study will help promote evidence based analysis and policy making on this important matter.” The study focuses on economic activity in T&IS using specially commissioned household and business surveys conducted in Diepsloot, and suggests interventions townships and informal settlements need to be embedded in a holistic, integrated national economic and urban strategy. It further finds that national interventions need to be complemented by local interventions to create jobs and improve service delivery.Under apartheid, black people were forced to live in the dormitory-style townships that were built as far away as possible from economic city centers. Post-apartheid development policies led to the construction of townships filled with government housing and limited access to some social services. However, these townships were often built as far, if not farther, than the original apartheid townships. Over the same period, there has been a massive growth of informal settlements. Diepsloot shares many economic characteristics of South African townships such as joblessness, uneven access to basic public services, and overwhelming levels of crime and violence but in some respect it is atypical – newer, poorer, more informal and has a bigger proportion of foreign migrants.With a population of nearly 200,000, half of whom live in shacks, Diepsloot, which is wedged between two metropolitan areas of Johannesburg and Pretoria, is struggling to gain a viable economic foothold in the urban mainstream even though it is closer to city centers than many other T&IS; the report notes that it is still only partially integrated into the economic and social fabric of the cities. Reasons include the disproportionate constraints faced by the poor because of lack of education, high transport and other job search costs and the limited scope for job creation via self-employment. The report also reports crime, access to space and to electricity to be the top three frequently cited constraints to starting own businesses and creating self-employment options.Interviews with Diepsloot’s residents included in the report show a mix of feelings ranging from anger, fear and suspicion to aspiration, hope and longing for opportunities. Despite its challenges, informal businesses are growing, creating a circular flow of income within Diepsloot. According to the report, unleashing this energy by enabling a more viable informal modernizing economy in Diepsloot and elsewhere in large urban townships and then strengthening its linkages with the much richer urban centers may hold the key to the nation’s goal of faster, more inclusive growth. Show Less -
KAMPALA, August 19, 2014 – In 2010, Kampala City was in desperate need of repair. Many city roads were riddled with potholes, most of the street lights were not working, and local government corruptio... Show More +n interfered with the resources necessary to improve the city’s infrastructure and delivery of services to its citizens.With the support of the Kampala Institution Infrastructure Development Project (KIIDP), the Kampala City Council was able to tackle those challenges and lay the foundation for a resilient, sustainable and organized city.Jennifer Musisi, executive director of the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), said it could have taken the city council a couple of years to achieve the infrastructure improvements had it not been for the KIIDP. The project also supported the efforts of the newly-created KCCA to improve the efficiency of the city council, she said.The KIIDP, a three-year $33.6 million project supported by the World Bank Group, was designed to provide a more concentrated and comprehensive focus on institutional and fiscal strengthening of the city government. Show Less -
REGION: MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICACOUNTRY: DJIBOUTIFOCUS AREA: PREPAREDNESSResults & AchievementsAfter an initial grant of US$70,000, a program involving the World Bank, the Global Facility for ... Show More +Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), and the Government of Djibouti has leveraged over $40 million in funds for disaster risk management projects.GFDRR efforts also leveraged the creation of a $5 million national safety net to ease financial stresses caused by disasters.The GFDRR-funded program installed 5 new hydrometeorlogical stations in different climatic areas around the country.The program also catalyzed a $3 million water project to better manage resources in rural areas, along with a $5.2 million power access and energy diversification project. GFDRR-funded projects have inspired the Djibouti government to pursue preparedness and resilience in cybersecurity, pandemics, and other sectors.Situated on the Horn of Africa, Djibouti is highly vulnerable to prolonged droughts and flooding. The last major drought claimed nearly 4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) annually between 2008 and 2011 and impacted more than half of its 860,000 residents.With funding and guidance from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), a vulnerability/risk assessment and communication platform was established comprised of hydrological early warning systems, flood and drought early warning systems, and seismic and floods risk/vulnerability assessment—the first of its kind in Africa.With nearly 75 percent of its population concentrated in its capital city, Djibouti is at particular risk for water shortages and severe flooding, both of which profoundly impact its growing but fragile economic sector. The 2008-2011 drought caused upwards of $51 million in damages, and more than $157 million in losses. Additionally, given current growth rates, the country’s population is set to double in less than 15 years, increasing strain on Djibouti’s already stressed fresh water resources and its vulnerability to natural hazards (Djibouti’s fresh water availability per capita is only one fifth of neighboring Somalia, Eritrea and Ethiopia), with changes in climate only exacerbating these issues.ApproachGFDRR and The World Bank have been partnering with the Government of Djibouti since 2007 in an effort to improve resilience and absorb natural shocks to the region’s burgeoning population and economic activity. GFDRR was able to leverage more than $40 million to fund various projects in disaster risk management and recovery, including the establishment of the Middle East and North Africa’s region first comprehensive risk assessment platform to address:outdated preparedness and emergency plans;improvements to weather monitoring systems;needed seismic and flood vulnerability assessments;inadequate flood and drought early warning systems.Lessons LearnedSuccessful disaster risk management requires a multisectoral approach. The Government of Djibouti recognizes that disaster risk management is not a stand-alone activity, but is rather a cross-cutting practice that needs to be mainstreamed through all sectors to ensure sustainable results in development efforts. With trade logistics comprising nearly 85 percentof GDP, the Government has made it a priority to disaster-proof its economy, taking cues from the successful Comprehensive Approach to Risk Assessment in Djibouti (CARAD) project completed in partnership with GFDRR and the World Bank.A multiplicity of voices can further risk reduction. Because input from both the regional and national level inform disaster management policies and implementation, GFDRR is helping solidify an institutional framework that will streamline communication between governance levels, ensuring that local knowledge is effectively incorporated into national policy.Next StepsA proposed third phase of technical assistance spanning 2014-2015 will consist of (1) operationalization of the risk assessment and communication platform that will inform infrastructure investments, (2) detailed spaceborne cartographic mapping of the entire country, and (3) integration of the recently finalized risk/vulnerability assessments for Djibouti-Ville in World Bank urban developments and efforts. Inspired by previous programs. The Government of Djibouti has also reached out to GFDRR to assist in implementing risk management techniques in novel sectors, including cyber-security and public health. Show Less -