In April 2013, the World Bank set a new goal to end extreme poverty in a generation. Our target is to have no more than 3 percent of the world’s population living on just $1.25 a day by 2030.
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Dushanbe, December 12, 2014 – Best international practices and national approaches in measuring poverty were the focus of the international conference held in Dushanbe today. The conference was hosted... Show More + by the Ministry of Economic Development of Tajikistan in partnership with the Agency for Statistics under the President of Tajikistan, the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of Tajikistan, and the World Bank, as members of the Council for Poverty and Middle Class Measurement.First Deputy Prime-Minister Davlatali Said and World Bank’s Poverty Practice Manager in Europe and Central Asia Carolina Sanchez-Paramo opened the conference, which was attended by representatives of the government, donor agencies, media, and civil society organizations. The conference presented global poverty measurement methods and limitations, compared national poverty measurement and institutions with international experience, and discussed the proposed National Poverty Measurement Methodology for Tajikistan.The proposed National Poverty Measurement Methodology is based on the Household Budget Survey (HBS) and is the first country-owned methodology. Previously, from 1999 to 2009, poverty in Tajikistan was measured using the Tajikistan Living Standard Surveys (TLSS). However, the two approaches – HBS and TLSS – employ different survey designs, and therefore, the data they produce are not comparable. The new approach is based on international best practice of measuring poverty and will help the Government of Tajikistan to collect comprehensive and reliable household data and to report on poverty trends and indicators in Tajikistan on a regular basis.“We are glad to see Tajikistan’s efforts to adopt a national poverty measurement methodology, which is a result of many years of work by the government, national experts, think tanks and other stakeholders in partnership with the World Bank,” said World Bank’s Poverty Practice Manager in Europe and Central Asia Carolina Sanchez-Paramo. “This methodology will enable the country to have regularly updated national data on poverty and welfare of the population, track the trends and inform important policy decisions.” International experts from Colombia and Georgia shared their experiences of how these countries transitioned towards establishing better institutional arrangements for measuring poverty and adopted improved country-owned poverty methodologies, which enabled them to collect and publicize poverty related information on a regular basis. The World Bank is partnering with Tajikistan in the area of improving capacity to collect high-quality policy-relevant data through multi-topic household surveys, data analysis, and data utilization in policy formulation. Through support from a DFID-funded Trust Fund, the World Bank has supported the Government’s efforts to establish an intergovernmental Council for Poverty and Middle Class Measurement under the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. The Council brings together key government entities and has a coordination role on issues related to poverty data.About the World Bank Program in Tajikistan:In line with the World Bank Group’s global goals, the World Bank Country Partnership Strategy in Tajikistan focuses on reducing extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity by expanding opportunities for the private sector and vulnerable groups. The current World Bank portfolio comprises 13 investment operations with net commitments of US$220.6 million. The largest share of the portfolio is in urban, rural and social development (21%), followed by agriculture (18%), energy (16%), governance (10%), environment & natural resources (7%), health, nutrition and population (7%), education (7%), water (7%), trade and competitiveness (5%), social protection and labor (2%).The World Bank Group is committed to further support Tajikistan as it strives to improve the lives of people and meet the aspirations of its young and growing population. Show Less -
“Accelerating growth is a priority, but so is ensuring that growth is more inclusive,” says Ellen Goldstein, World Bank Country Director for Southeastern Europe.“Available data indicates that gro... Show More +wth has not yet translated into significant decreases in poverty or improvement in the well-being of the bottom 40% of the income distribution. Stronger efforts are needed to break down the barriers to economic participation among disadvantaged groups, including women and minorities,” continued Goldstein. Measuring progress on poverty and shared prosperity in FYR Macedonia is complicated by sensitivities associated with the availability and quality of household data. Out-migration is very high, and conducting a new census has proven challenging since 2002. Response rates on the Household Budget Survey, which is the main source of poverty information, have been declining over time. The Bank is working with Government to try to overcome these statistical constraints. The new World Bank Group Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for FYR Macedonia was endorsed by the Board of Executive Directors on October 16. The objective of the strategy is to accelerate growth while making it more inclusive so that all segments of society can benefit from job creation and increased income. A cross-cutting theme is to support the longer-term EU accession agenda, including leveraging Bank resources to enhance absorption of EU assistance. The new CPS supports Government’s economic program for the period 2014-2018.“This CPS demonstrates the willingness of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia to continue down the path of growth and reform that has helped boost livelihoods, and lower unemployment over the last 8 years,” noted Zoran Stavreski, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance.“We have a clear vision of development, based on economic growth through competitiveness, which is to be achieved through further improvements in business climate, infrastructure and human capital. A simultaneous focus on skills and inclusion also showcases an equally important commitment to the inclusion agenda – recognizing that the fruits of growth can be shared more broadly if all Macedonians have access to better jobs, skills, and improved public services.”The first pillar focus of the CPS on growth and competiveness is complemented by a second pillar that looks at ways to improve the peoples’ skills and employability and increase inclusion. “As a small, open economy, FYR Macedonia needs to rely on exports and increased competitiveness to sustain long-term growth,” says Tatiana Proskuryakova, World Bank Country Manager in Skopje.“Improving competitiveness takes time and effort, and requires investment in skills and innovation. As local companies become more sophisticated and skill levels rise, they will be increasingly able to join global production chains, taking full advantage of the opportunities that foreign direct investment brings to FYR Macedonia. This will create more and better jobs for citizens from all segments of society.”Jobs are central to the country’s inclusion agenda, but another important part of the story is better quality and efficiency of social protection systems and basic services. Through interventions such as the on-going Conditional Cash Transfer Project and Municipal Services Improvement Project, the Bank can help reduce the gaps faced by some portions of Macedonian society - removing barriers to participation for disadvantaged groups.More generally, the Bank will work to strengthen fiscal transparency and the efficiency and selectivity of public spending -including focusing on investments priorities that have the highest economic and social benefits. The Bank is working closely with Government to complete a Public Finance Review to identify opportunities to further strengthen the formulation, execution, and control of the budget as an integral part of the EU’s economic governance agenda for FYR Macedonia. Show Less -
This brief on the Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia displays the trends, performance,
demographics, contributors, and national data related to
poverty and prosp... Show More +erity development. Show Less -