The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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ResultsThe following results were achieved under the Jamaica Second HIV/AIDS Project.Prevention91% of female sex workers reporting condom use with their most recent client (target: maintain more than 90%).59.2%... Show More + of female sex workers who received HIV testing in the last 12 months and who know the results (target: 50%).40,445 female sex workers and 22,145 men who have sex with men reached through prevention activities (target: FSW 14,955; MSM 14,059).19% of prison inmates reached through prevention activities (target: 15%)Treatment, Care, and Support10,469 men, women and children with advanced HIV receiving antiretroviral combination therapy according to national guidelines (target: 9,000)85.8% of HIV positive pregnant women receiving a complete course of antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission (target: maintain more than or equal to 80%)1.4% of infants born to HIV infected mothers who are also HIV infected (target: less than 5.0%)More than 95% Show Less -
PAST DEBATESDEBATE 1: May 19, 2010WB/USAID co-hosted debate on: "Test and Treat: Can We Treat Our Way Out of the Epidemic?"Debate proposition: Testing and treating approaches should immediately... Show More + be built into and consume at least 50 percent of HIV prevention resources in Africa.Resources: Debate Proceedings Report (PDF)DEBATE 2: June 29, 2010WB/USAID co-hosted debate on: "Behavior change for HIV prevention"Debate proposition: Behavior change in generalized epidemics has not reduced new HIV infections and is an unwise use of HIV prevention resources.Resources: Debate proceedings Report (PDF) Videocast of Debate DEBATE 3: August 26, 2010WB/USAID co-hosted debate on: "Discordant Couples and HIV Transmission"Debate proposition: Intra couple HIV transmission between couples in long term stable partnerships drive a majority of HIV Show Less -
CHALLENGEMost of the world’s 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS are in developing countries. Worldwide, 2.5 million people became newly-infected with HIV, and 1.5 million died of HIV-related causes... Show More + in 2011—24 percent fewer deaths than in 2005. Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 68 percent of all new infections and nearly half of all deaths globally in 2010 occurred in Southern Africa. Even where the overall HIV prevalence is low, AIDS can be a severe burden: It is the leading cause of premature death in Thailand and China. More than 8 million people living with HIV are accessing treatment globally; 7 million who need it do not have it. Moreover, for every one person on treatment, two are infected. Without effective HIV prevention, the numbers requiring treatment will become unsustainable.Despite the global increase in funding during the past decade—from US$1.6 billion in 2001 to US$16.8 billion in 2011—financing gaps persist, and available funds are mainly for treatment. As new infec Show Less -
The objective of the project is to enable the Government of Nepal to increase access to essential health care services and their utilization by the underserved and the poor.Health indicationsNepal’s health... Show More + sector has seen impressive progress in the past few years. Infant mortality declined from 79 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1991-94 to 48 deaths in 2001-2005. An even more impressive decline was observed in under-five mortality, which declined by 48% from 118 to 61 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period.A recent survey (NFHP 2009) confirmed that the declining trends in mortality rates continue; both infant and under-five mortality have further declined to 41 and 50 per 1000 live births respectively in 2004-2008. Several of Nepal’s immunization and nutrition programs are also performing very well. Between 1996 and 2006, full immunization coverage rose from 43%to 83%.However, not all segments of the society equally benefit from the progress. “Inequality in health outcomes, Show Less -