The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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Making transport work for women and men : challenges and opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region - lessons from case studies, June 2012World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality... Show More + and Development, September 2011Gender and Transport in the Middle East and North Africa Region : Case studies from the West Bank and Yemen, December 2011Mainstreaming Gender in Road Transport: Operational Guidance for World Bank Staff, March 2010Transporting HIV Prevention across Borders: The HIV/AIDS Project for the Abidjan-Lagos Corridor, December 2009Making Rural Roads Work for Both Women and Men: The Example of Peru's Rural Roads Program, 2004Transport’s Role in Reducing Maternal Mortality in Malaysia and Sri Lanka, see : Investing in maternal health : learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka, December 2003 Show Less -
ChallengeAs of 2007, an estimated 1.32 million Ethiopians were infected with HIV, with over 130,000 new infections each year. An epidemic of HIV transmission was taking place in most at-risk populations,... Show More + particularly sex workers and their clients. As a result, life expectancy was falling and expected to drop from 59 to 50 years by 2010. In 2005, 80% of the 60 million Ethiopians lived rurally, and 39% lived below the poverty line. AIDS had become the leading killer of 15-49 year olds, causing 43% of all adult deaths, severely damaging economic growth and slowing poverty alleviation. Poverty, illiteracy, widespread transactional sex, gender disparity, population movement, and traditional practices such as female genital mutilation all contributed to the epidemic.SolutionThe first Ethiopian Multisectoral HIV/AIDS Project (EMSAP1), closed in 2006, supported general awareness of HIV and AIDS, as well as increased condom use, but not at a sufficiently high level. This project, EMSAP2, set ou Show Less -
ChallengeWith a per capita gross income of $380, Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world, with individuals spending less than $49 on health per year. A 2007 survey showed HIV presence in the... Show More + general population at 3 percent and among commercial sex workers at 38 percent, as well as a rapid increase in prevalence in rural areas. Causes of the epidemic include commercial sex work, widespread presence of multiple concurrent partnerships, and low rates of male circumcision. Implementation of Burundi’s 2002-2006 National HIV/AIDs Strategy (NHAS) was constrained by a host of institutional, technical, financial, and capacity-related issues, the lessons of which were used to develop a second NHAS. IDA was needed to provide strategic guidance, lessons learned, and technical assistance to the second NHAS, and to ensure synergy between health system strengthening and HIV/AIDS interventions. Finally, the government has advocated the importance of IDA’s continued support to civil societ Show Less -
VIENTIANE, Laos, June 18, 2011 --The World Bank and AusAid organized the Young Entrepreneurial Marketplace Competition, a contest where young Laotians could pitch their business ideas and turn these into... Show More + reality over the next year. Candidates stood a chance at winning $5,000.00 and mentorship from the Young Entrepreneurs Association of Lao PDR. 212 proposals- covering business ideas about tech, farm products, and more - were submitted.Meet the 11 teams who emerged as winners of the competition:Teaching Computer SkillsTuny Inthanongsak, Apple Inthanongsak, and Sidavanh Thammavong“Information technology (IT) is rapidly growing in Laos. We’ve been working with computers and electronics for nine years and know how IT can be used in all work and help generate income. This is why we want to set up a training center for students, teachers, and local people from Dongkhamxang Village (Vientiane) who want to gain IT skills.”Empowering Women with HIV to Make and Sell HandicraftsPhennapha Phommach Show Less -
The objective of the project is to enable the Government of Nepal to increase access to essential health care services and their utilization by the underserved and the poor.Health indicationsNepal’s health... Show More + sector has seen impressive progress in the past few years. Infant mortality declined from 79 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1991-94 to 48 deaths in 2001-2005. An even more impressive decline was observed in under-five mortality, which declined by 48% from 118 to 61 deaths per 1,000 live births over the same period.A recent survey (NFHP 2009) confirmed that the declining trends in mortality rates continue; both infant and under-five mortality have further declined to 41 and 50 per 1000 live births respectively in 2004-2008. Several of Nepal’s immunization and nutrition programs are also performing very well. Between 1996 and 2006, full immunization coverage rose from 43%to 83%.However, not all segments of the society equally benefit from the progress. “Inequality in health outcomes, Show Less -
International AIDS ConferenceAugust 4, 2008 - Speaking in conjunction with the XVII International AIDS Conference in Mexico City, Mexico, Mariam Claeson, South Asia AIDS Coordinator said that "The... Show More + world has much to learn from India’s data informed approach to policy and priority setting in its response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic."While the country faces several challenges, India also invested in more and better data to understand its HIV epidemic. "India is not complacent," Claeson added.In a recent paper, "Tackling HIV In India: Evidence-Based Priority Setting And Programming," authored with Ashok Alexander, Director of the Gates Foundation’s India AIDS Initiative (Avahan), Claeson said, "Today's challenge is to scale up proven interventions to reach the vast majority of India’s vulnerable populations."ApproachAfter two decades of HIV infection in india, the government has a greater understanding of the magnitude, trends, and diversity of the larg Show Less -