BRIEF

Office of Chief Economist in the Africa Region (AFRCE)

June 15, 2016

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One of its most important functions is to foster a community of economists interested in Sub-Saharan Africa, within the World Bank and in the continent.

The Office of Chief Economist in the Africa Region (AFRCE) seeks to bring the best possible knowledge to bear on policy and institutional reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa. It produces and oversees the production of research articles and reports on the most pressing development issues facing the continent.  It also guides the production and implementation of the World Bank’s strategy of assistance for the Africa Region.

 

Initiatives

  • Africa’s Pulse: The Office of Chief Economist in the Africa Region monitors the development outlook of the region and produces a bi-annual publication with analysis on the short term economic prospects for the continent and current development challenges. More
  • Annual Bank Conference on Africa (ABCA): The ABCA conference is the World Bank’s premier platform for scholars from all over the world to gather and discuss ways to promote economic growth and reduce poverty for people across Sub-Saharan Africa. It is held each year with a different academic partner and thematic focus. At each edition, research papers selected by a panel from hundreds of submissions are presented for discussion during a two-day event that includes keynote presentations, roundtables, and seminars. More
  • Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA): This index measures and tracks the strength of policies and institutions in IDA-eligible countries since 1980. The information contained in the CPIA is valuable to governments, the private sector, civil society, researchers and the media as a tool to monitor their country’s progress and benchmark it against progress in other countries. More
  • Impact Evaluation: The Africa Region of the World Bank has well over one hundred active impact evaluations, spanning the sectors, from health, education, social protection, and gender, to agriculture, infrastructure, and public sector reform. They include evaluations of World Bank projects but also evaluations of other government and non-governments organization programs that have relevance to eliminating extreme poverty and increasing the quality of life for women and men across the African continent. More
  • Agriculture in Africa – Telling Facts from Myths: Governments, donors, and the private sector are investing billions of dollars in Africa’s agriculture. A thorough bottom-up update is needed to guide these investments, establish baselines, and ground the agricultural policy dialogues. This initiative addresses this void, using the Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). The surveys are conducted in 6 countries, representing 40 percent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa. 

 

Africa Regional Studies Program

The Africa Regional Studies Program is the World Bank’s main vehicle to produce and disseminate high quality research and analysis on development challenges facing the entire Sub-Saharan continent or a sub-set of countries in the region. The focus of the Africa Regional Studies varies every year, reflecting current policy questions in Sub-Saharan African countries. It has covered such issues as youth employment, conflict, vulnerability and risk, and structural transformation, among others.

Africa Youth Employment
This report examines obstacles faced by households and firms in meeting the youth employment challenge in Sub-Saharan Africa. It focuses primarily on productivity, in agriculture, in nonfarm household enterprises, and in the modern wage sector, because productivity is the key to higher earnings as well as to more stable, less vulnerable, livelihoods

Poverty in a Rising Africa
This report closely examines the statistics on poverty in African countries by reviewing the data used to produce national poverty estimates, taking a critical look at their availability, quality and comparability; assessing the broad facts about poverty; and exploring various dimensions of inequality in the Region.

Africa’s Demographic Transition: Dividend or Disaster?
This report recommends policy actions needed at the various phases of Africa’s demographic transition and uses global and regional experiences to provide evidence on what has worked and  what has not. Countries have a menu of options available to speed up the transition,  improve investment in the resulting youth cohort, expand labor markets, and encourage savings.

Addressing Climate Vulnerability of Africa's Infrastructure
This study looks explicitly into how climate change will affect both existing and planned  infrastructure in the energy, transboundary water, and roads sectors, and provides specific information on strengthening the resilience of infrastructure that will be built in the future.

Responding to the Challenge of Fragility and Security in West Africa
The speed at which society is changing in Africa is putting a strain on institutions, and pushing them to transform rapidly. It also risks rendering them illegitimate and ineffective. This study examines the external stresses as well as the dynamics that affect institutions, in an attempt to understand the drivers of fragility and the factors of resilience.

Highways to Success or Byways to Waste
This report provides estimates of the effects of lower transport costs on economic activity in rural areas, improves the empirical understanding of the pathways through which transport infrastructure alters economic outcomes, evaluates options for actual investments, and identifies areas where transport infrastructure would generate the highest benefits.

 

Researchers