The agro-food sector in Europe and Central Asia is significant, affecting both regional and global markets. Wheat exports from the region, for example, account for 25 percent of world exports on average.
The global food crisis of 2007-08, however, had a major impact on many countries in the region, affecting each in a different way. Low-income and lower middle-income countries felt the impact most severely, while large commodity exporters often made gains in boosting fiscal accounts and economic growth.
Following the food price crisis, global leaders at the 2009 G8 Summit in Italy made a commitment – through the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative – to take necessary measures to improve world food security, including measures related to agricultural research and education.
In response to the food crisis and as part of its commitment to the L’Aquila Initiative, the Government of the Russian Federation established the Eurasian Center for Food Security in March 2012.
The Center, which is hosted by Lomonosov Moscow State University, is fast-becoming an internationally recognized agricultural research center that contributes to addressing food security issues – not only in Eurasia, but across the globe. Along with its educational programs, the Center will provide policy and technical recommendations for improved agricultural performance, sustainable rural development, and natural resources management.