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FEATURE STORY

Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project

July 21, 2014

Fisherman in Tamil Nadu

Approval Date: 20 June 2013
Closing Date: 28 July 2018
Commitment amount: $236 million
Percentage disbursed: 23% (As of 30 June 2014)

Context:
In the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 26, 2004, the World Bank supported India’s recovery efforts with the India - Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project (ETRP), focused on the state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry. The objective of the ETRP was to revive livelihoods and promote recovery in Tsunami-affected areas. The Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project (CDRRP) focuses on new initiatives in risk reduction and mitigation, but also integrates the previous ETRP.

Project Development Objective:
The project aims to increase the resilience of coastal communities in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry to a range of hydro-meteorological and geophysical hazards, along with improving the capacities of project implementation entities to respond promptly and effectively to an eligible crisis or emergency. The project has five components:

  • Vulnerability reduction of coastal communities: through infrastructure such as permanent houses, evacuation shelters and routes, and a resilient electrical network.
  • Sustainable fisheries: aims at upgrading infrastructure, sustainable co-management, and addressing safety at sea.
  • Capacity building: focused on disaster risk management of government institutions, civil society, the school education system, and coastal communities.
  • Implementation   support:   Includes   incremental   operating   costs   for   operating   the   Project   Management   Unit   (PMU)   and   respective   Project Implementation Units (PIUs) in the line departments.
  • Contingency Emergency financing: will be drawn by the government of Tamil Nadu and/ or Puducherry to cover emergency response and recovery costs.

Location:
Across coastal villages in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.   

Status:

  • The project which has just begun has made good progress both in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in terms of initiating activities crucial to the achievement of the project development objective.

In Tamil Nadu:

  • Resilient Housing – 14,346 houses that were continuing from earlier Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project (ETRP) are now complete.
  • 19 Multi-Purpose Evacuation Shelters (MPES) and all the Emergency Evacuation Routes are complete.
  • Modernization of fishing harbor – about 70 percent of the works in Nagapattinam and 95 percent in Pazhayar are complete.
  • Tamil Nadu has created the secretariat for the Disaster Management Authority as a society and recruitment of personnel is ongoing. It will be operational soon.