The Annual Bank Conference on Africa: Harnessing Africa’s Growth for Faster Poverty Reduction
June 23-24, 2014Paris, France

The first Annual Bank Conference on Africa (ABCA) will be held in Paris, France, on June 23-24, 2014. It covers various topics pertinent to the measurement and understanding of poverty in sub-Saharan Africa.

The first Annual Bank Conference on Africa (ABCA) will be held in Paris, France, on June 23-24, 2014. It covers various topics pertinent to the measurement and understanding of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. It is being organized jointly by the Paris School of Economics and the World Bank (Office of the Chief Economist for the Africa Region).

The conference will include a Keynote Address by Prof. Stefan Dercon (Oxford University and Chief Economist, DFID), and opening remarks by Makhtar Diop (World Bank Vice-President for the Africa Region) and Pierre-Yves Geoffard (Director of the Paris School of Economics), as well as invited contributions by Gareth Austin, Stephan Klasen, Bekele Shiferaw, Leonard Wantchekon, and other senior scholars.




The Annual Bank Conference on Africa

Harnessing Africa’s Growth for Faster Poverty Reduction

Paris, June 23-24, 2014

La Maison de la Recherche, 54 rue de Varenne, 75007 Paris, France

Day 1: June 23, 2014

8:30 – 9:00 AM Registration

9:00 – 10:30 AM Opening Session

        Chair: Pierre-Yves Geoffard, Director, Paris School of Economics

        Introductory Remarks: Makhtar Diop, Vice President for Africa, World Bank

        Keynote Speaker: Stefan Dercon, Chief Economist, DFID, Professor, Development of Economics, Oxford University

10:30 – 11:00 AM Coffee Break

11:00 – 12:30 AM Invited Panel: Stephan Klasen, Universität Göttingen, Gareth Austin, The Graduate Institute Geneva,         Leonard Wantchekon, Princeton University
Chair: François Bourguignon, Paris School of Economics

12:30 – 1:30 PM Lunch

1:30 – 3:00 PM

A1. Agriculture in Africa - Telling facts from myths
Salle des Colloques
Chair: Karen Macours (Paris School of Economics - INRA)

    Factor markets in Africa are incomplete
    Brian Dillon (Washington University) and Christopher Barrett

    Rural incomes are increasingly diversified
    Benjamin Davis, Stefania Di Giuseppe, and Alberto Zezza (World Bank)

    Rural nonfarm enterprises operate mainly in survival mode / Patterns and Determinants of Non-Farm Entrepreneurship      in Rural Africa: New Empirical Evidence
   Paula Nagler and Wim Naudé (Maastricht University and MSM)

    The majority of African farmers are net buyers
    Amparo Palacios-Lopez, Luc Christiaensen, and Camila Galindo (World Bank)

A2. The Evolution of Africa’s Firm
Salon Bibliothèque
Chair: Gilles Spielvogel (Université Paris-1)

    Aid and growth: evidence from firm-level data
    Lisa Chauvet (DIAL, IRD, Université Paris-Dauphine) and Helene Ehrhart

    Industrialization pathways to human development: industrial clusters, institutions and multidimensional poverty in Nigeria /Annex
    Oyebanke Oyelaran-Oyeyinka (Columbia University)

    Stunted growth: why don’t African firms create more jobs?
    Leonardo Iacovone, Vijaya Ramachandran (Center for Global Development), and Martin Schmidt

A3. Realizing the promise of mobile money
Salle du Conseil
Chair: Cyrille Bellier (Agence Française de Développement)

    Enhancing micro-credit with mobile money: evidence from a solar power experiment
    William Jack and Tavneet Suri (MIT)

    Estimating potential gains from mobile payments in India: first evidence from a large household survey
    Shawn Cole (Harvard Business School), Petia Topalova, and Robert Townsend

    Mobile maternal health care vouchers
    Karen Grepin, James Habyarimana, and William Jack (Georgetown)

3:00 – 3:30 PM Coffee Break

3:30 – 5:00 PM Parallel sessions B

B1. Insurance and managing risk
Salle des Colloques
Chair: Flore Gubert (DIAL, IRD - Université Paris-Dauphine)

    Agricultural risk and remittances: the case of Uganda
    Stefanija Veljanoska (Paris School of Economics)

    Formal and informal insurance: experimental evidence from Ethiopia
    Guush Berhane, Stefan Dercon, Ruth Hill, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse (IFPRI)

    Productivity and welfare effects of index insurance: quasi-experimental evidence
    Yesuf M. Awel (UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University) and Théophile T. Azomahou

    Sons as widowhood insurance: evidence from Senegal
    Sylvie Lambert (Paris School of Economics) and Pauline Rossi

B2. Poverty with poor data
Salon Bibliothèque
Chair: Sandrine Mesplé-Somps (DIAL, IRD - Université Paris-Dauphine)

    Africa rising? Using micro surveys to correct macro time series
    Justin Sandefur (Center for Global Development)

    Geo-spatial poverty maps
    Dan Weiss (Oxford University)

    Income convergence in South Africa: fact or measurement error?
    Tobias Lechtenfeld and Asmus Zoch (Stellenbosch University)

    Poverty dynamics in Rwanda, 2006-2011
    Christoph Lakner (World Bank)

B3. Growth and poverty
Salle du Conseil
Chair: Anne-Sophie Robilliard (DIAL, IRD - Université Paris-Dauphine)

    Assessing the inclusiveness of growth in Africa: evidence from Cameroon, Senegal and Tanzania
    Georges Vivien Houngbonon (Paris School of Economics & Orange), Arthur Bauer, Abdoulaye Ndiaye, Clara     Champagne, Tite Yokossi, Nathalie Ferrière, Hédi Brahimi, and Jeanne Avril

    Can dreams come true? Eliminating extreme poverty in Africa by 2030
    Mthuli Ncube, Zuzana Brixiova, and Zorobabel Bicaba (African Development Bank)

    Social evaluations in a context of demographic changes: the case of Sub-Saharan Africa
    John Cockburn, Jean-Yves Duclos, and Bouba Housseini (OPHI, Oxford University and Université Laval)

Day 2 - June 24, 2014

9:00 – 10: 30 AM Accelerating Poverty Reduction in Africa – an outline

Chair: Francisco Ferreira, Chief Economist for Africa, World Bank
Presenters: Kathleen Beegle (World Bank), Luc Christiaensen (World Bank)
Discussants: Bekele Shiferaw, Partnership for Economic Policy and Ana Revenga, Senior Director - Poverty Global Practice

10:30 – 11:00 AM Coffee Break

11:00 – 12:30 PM Parallel sessions C

C1. Mobile technology and accountability
Salle des Colloques
Chair: Christelle Dumas (Université de Nancy)

    Does information technology flatten interest articulation? Evidence from Uganda / Appendix
    Guy Grossman (University of Pennsylvania), Macartan Humphreys, and Gabriella Sacramone-Lutz

    Pay for locally monitored teacher attendance? A welfare analysis for Ugandan primary schools
    Andrew Zeitlin (Georgetown University), Jacobus Cilliers, Ibrahim Kasirye, Clare Leaver, and Pieter Serneels

    Improving electoral integrity with information and communication technology and citizen engagement
    James Long (University of Washington)

C2. Poverty consequences of conflict
 Salon Bibliothèque
Chair: Luc Christiaensen (World Bank)

    Extortion with protection: understanding the effect of rebel taxation on civilian welfare in Burundi
    Rachel Sabates-Wheeler and Philip Verwimp (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

    Income shocks and conflict: evidence from Nigeria
    Babatunde Abidoye and Massimiliano Calì (World Bank)

    Their suffering, our burden? How Congolese refugees affect the Ugandan population
    Merle Kreibaum (University of Göttingen)

C3. Agriculture: unleashing smallholder potential
Salle du Conseil
Chair: Jérémie Gignoux (Paris School of Economics - INRA)

    Growth, safety nets and poverty: assessing progress in Ethiopia from 1996 to 2011
    Ruth Hill (World Bank) and Eyasu Tsehaye

    Strengthening producer organizations to unleash productive potential of smallholder farmers in Uganda
    Markus Olapade (3ie), Markus Frölich, Ruth Hill, and Eduardo Maruyama

    The returns of “I do”: women decision-making in agriculture and productivity
    Rama Lionel Ngenzebuke (ECARES -Université Libre de Bruxelles)

    Can human capital variables be technology changing? An empirical test for rural households in Burkina Faso
    Fleur Wouterse (IFPRI-WCAO)

12:30 – 1:30 PM Lunch

1:30 – 3:00 PM Parallel sessions D

D1. Aspirations and empowerment
Salle des Colloques
Chair: Mireille Razafindrakoto (DIAL, IRD - Université Paris-Dauphine)

    Community mobilization around social dilemmas: evidence from lab experiments in rural Mali
    Maria Laura Alzua, Juan Camilo Cardenas, and Habiba Djebbari (Aix-Marseille University and Laval University)

    Determinants of empowerment in a capability based poverty approach: evidence from The Gambia
    Sofia Karina Trommlerová (IHEID Geneva), Stephan Klasen, and Ortrud Lessmann

    The future in mind: aspirations and forward-looking behavior in rural Ethiopia
    Tanguy Bernard (LAREFI/IFPRI), Stefan Dercon, Kate Orkin, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse

D2. Inequality in Africa
 Salon Bibliothèque
Chair: Kathleen Beegle (World Bank)

    Night lights and regional income inequality in Africa
    Anthony Mveyange (University of Southern Denmark)

    Sources of income inequality: empirical evidence from Cameroon
    Samuel Fambon (University of Yaoundé II – Cameroon)

    The center cannot hold: patterns of polarization in Nigeria
    Fabio Clementi, Andrew Dabalen, Vasco Molini (World Bank), and Francesco Schettino

3:00 – 3:30 PM Coffee Break

3:30 – 5:00 PM Parallel sessions E

E1. Technology adoption in agriculture
Salle des Colloques
Chair: Luc Behaghel (Paris School of Economics - INRA)

    Subsidies and the persistence of technology adoption: field experimental evidence from Mozambique
    Michael Carter, Rachid Laajaj (Paris School of Economics), and Dean Yang

    Seeing is believing? Evidence from an extension network experiment
    Florence Kondylis (World Bank), Valerie Mueller, and Siyao Zhu

    Understanding fertilizer use and profitability across Nigeria’s agro ecology and farming systems
    Lenis Saweda Liverpool-Tasie (Michigan State University)

E2. Poverty and shocks
Salon Bibliothèque
Chair: Philippe De Vreyer (Paris School of Economics - INRA)

    Cereal banking impacts on food and nutrition security and resilience building of rural households in The Gambia
    Raymond Jatta (University of Cheikh Anta Diop)

    Channels of impoverishment due to Ill-Health in rural Ethiopia
    Zelalem Yilma (Erasmus University Rotterdam), Anagaw Mebratie, Robert Sparrow, Marleen Dekker, Getnet Alemu, and     Arjun S. Bedi

    Early life circumstance and adult mental health
    Achyuta Adhvaryu, James Fenske (University of Oxford), and Anant Nyshadham

    Poverty persistence and informal risk management: micro evidence from urban Ethiopia
    Theophile T. Azomahoua and Eleni A. Yitbarek (UNU-MERIT and Maastricht University)

E3. Drivers of development
Room: Salle du Conseil
Chair: Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann (Paris School of Economics - INRA)

    Decentralization’s effects on education, health and agriculture outcomes, and on distribution: evidence from Ethiopia
    Qaiser Khan, Jean-Paul Faguet (London School of Economics), Christopher Gaukler, and Wendmsyamregne Mekasha

    Does malaria control impact education? A study of the Global Fund in Africa
    Maria Kuecken, Josselin Thuilliez, and Marie-Anne Valfort (Paris School of Economics)

    No family left behind: cash transfers and investments in education in post-war Uganda
    Margherita Calderone (German Institute for Economic Research)

    Non-farm enterprise performance and spatial autocorrelation in rural Africa: evidence from Ethiopia and Nigeria
    Nkechi S. Owoo (University of Ghana) and Wim Naudé