After almost a year of crisis, Yemen has embarked on a political transition based on an agreement brokered by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in November 2011. Yemen started a 565-member National Dialogue process in March 2013, which concluded in January 2014 with the decision to transform Yemen into a Federal State.
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Following the signing in late 2011 of the Gulf Cooperation Council Sponsored peace agreement, after nearly a year of conflict, Yemen faced the dual task of launching a delicate political transition wh... Show More +ile rebuilding the economy. This challenge was made even harder by the urgent humanitarian needs of the population. Yemen faced poverty rates above 30% before the revolution but these had since climbed to above 40%. As a longtime development partner, the World Bank was fully committed to supporting the efforts of the Government of National Reconciliation to rebuild and create the kind of stable environment needed for the political transition. One of the top priorities was addressing the country’s urgent humanitarian needs.Around 70% of Yemen’s population of 22.5 million lives in rural areas. Poverty is concentrated in this rural population, with rates far higher than the national average. The mountainous terrain and the isolation of small settlements, combined with the lack of decent roads, have left many disconnected from centers of economic activity and out of reach of basic services. The frustration with social and economic exclusion that played a major role in the revolution is starkly apparent among these communities. It is estimated that 90% of the rural population lives below the poverty line. The year of instability made their situation even more precarious and required immediate action.A Labor Intensive Public Works project was launched in early 2012, funded by a US$65 million grant from the International Development Association, the Bank’s fund for the poorest countries. The goal of the project was to create short term employment opportunities in Yemen’s poorest communities. The work generated would be for the construction of vital basic infrastructure. While individuals would benefit from jobs, communities would end up with improved access to health and education services, mains sewage and water, and paved roads. Show Less -
This issue of the MENA quarterly brief assesses the macroeconomic performance of seven ofthe MENA countries: Egypt, Tunisia, Iran, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen and Libya. All of these countries experienced ... Show More +rapid economic growth during 2000-10, and suffered a sharp economic slowdown in the aftermath of 2011. The brief focuses on the challenges facing these countries with a closer look at the actual growth performance in comparison with their forecasts and highlights the limitations of forecasting in the wake of the 2011 uprisings; and at the consequences of the growth slowdown, including unemployment, where perceptions may diverge from reality. The story is told in fourteen charts. Show Less -
WASHINGTON, August 1, 2014 – The World Bank’s Board of Directors today approved a US$50 million grant to support the government of Yemen’s efforts to improve access to basic services for the country’s... Show More + underserved communities.The International Development Association (IDA) grant, the Bank’s fund for the world’s poorest countries, will supplement an ongoing program that has increased school enrollment, especially for girls, improved access to water, boosted agricultural productivity and incomes, provided better public health services and promoted mobility through rural road improvements.The additional funds are destined for the Community and Local Development Program (CLDP), a core component of the Social Fund for Development Phase IV Project (SFD IV) covering the years 2011 to 2016. While expanding access to basic services, the program also empowers local communities by putting them in charge of identifying infrastructure projects that address their specific needs. A pipeline of 563 CLDP sub-projects has been prepared, 70 percent of which were selected through community demand. “Meeting the basic needs of Yemenis is vital for sustaining the country’s political transition,” said Wael Zakout, World Bank Country Manager for Yemen. “The Social Fund for Development has proved to be an effective organization, continuing to function throughout the crisis, and its system of autonomous, regional offices allows it to operate in the entire country – even in remote areas with limited government presence.”Along with encouraging voice and participation in the selection of sub-projects, the program will support the national priority of decentralization. The CLDP includes an Empowerment for Local Development Program designed to build the capacities of communities and local authorities to implement the sub-projects they identify.“Several of the activities funded by the program have also been developed to promote inclusion,” said Mira Hong, World Bank Task Team Leader for the project. “The needs of girls and women are a primary focus, for instance, with increased access to schools and reproductive health services. More than half of the health and education professionals that have so far been trained through the program are women.”To date, SFD IV has created 24 million days of employment and benefitted 4.5 million Yemenis, with women representing 2.5 million. The total budget for the six-year project is US$1.2 billion, of which IDA has financed US$85 million, and the government along with 12 other donors has committed US$760 million. The additional US$50 million grant from IDA is also intended as a catalyst to attract more donors.In January 2014, the Bank’s active portfolio in Yemen consisted of 32 projects (including recipient-executed trust funds) with about US$900 million in net commitments, focused on increasing access to basic social services, improving infrastructure, and enhancing governance and institutions. Show Less -
IDA Grant: US $50.0 million equivalentProject ID: P148474Project Description: The objectives of the project are to improve access to basic services, enhance economic opportunities and reduce the vulne... Show More +rability of the poor. Show Less -