Tajikistan's economy enjoyed about 8% growth annually over the past decade thanks to a favorable external environment and high prices for its main exports, but following the crisis it now faces challenges related to energy and to job creation.
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IDA Grant: US$6.75 million equivalentIDA Credit: US$38.25 million equivalent Terms: Maturity = 38 years, Grace = 6 yearsProject ID: P145634Project Description: The objective of the project is to ... Show More +increase transport connectivity between Tajikistan and neighboring countries in Central Asia along priority cross-border road links and to support improvements in road operations and asset management practices.For more information, please visit: http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P145634?lang=en Show Less -
About 2.6 million residents of Sughd Oblast will have better access to markets and more job opportunitiesWASHINGTON, February 25, 2015 – The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors today appro... Show More +ved an allocation of US$45 million equivalent to finance the second phase of the transformative Central Asia Road Links Program, to be implemented in Tajikistan in 2015-2020. The objective of this project is to increase transport connectivity between Tajikistan and neighboring countries along key cross-border road links in Sughd Oblast, and thus connect people and firms, markets and opportunities, regionally.The Central Asia Road Links (CARs) Program is a collaborative regional, multi-phase program initiated by governments of Central Asia. The program aims to increase transport connectivity between neighboring countries while supporting improvements in road operations and maintenance practices. The first phase of the CARs, covering the Kyrgyz Republic, focuses on the rehabilitation of cross-border road links bordering Tajikistan in Batken Oblast.This Second Phase of the Central Asia Road Links Program – CARs-2 will focus on the rehabilitation of approximately 70 kilometers of cross-border road sections in Sughd Oblast connecting Tajikistan’s road network with that of Uzbekistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. Specifically, the road sections to be rehabilitated include: Kuchkak-Kim-Isfara-Guliston border crossing (45.1 km), Dehmoi-Proletarsk-Madaniyat border crossing (16.9 km), including a link to the intermodal rail terminal in Proletarsk, and Kanibadam-Patar border crossing (5.7 km).“Tajikistan is Central Asia’s least connected, most isolated country, with only limited regional and international connectivity, where road transport is often the only option given the alpine topography and small rail network,” said Patricia Veevers-Carter, World Bank Country Manager for Tajikistan. “By financing the rehabilitation of cross-border road links in Sughd Oblast, which accounts for 40 percent of the country’s overall freight turnover, the project will expand opportunities for trade and increase the competitiveness of domestic products, leading to private sector growth and job creation.”In addition to rehabilitation work, the project will support the Ministry of Transport of Tajikistan in improvement of road operations and asset management practices. This will include: support in developing Transport Sector Development Strategy up to 2050, reviewing the technical standards, norms and parameters on vehicle weight, axle load limits and tariffication, as well as developing a strategic plan for the implementation of the axle load control systems. On asset management, the project will finance a survey equipment (including geo-references) and provide support for the final deployment of a road asset management system in the Ministry of Transport to help address the problem of overloaded of trucks.The CARs-2 project will be implemented over five years by the Ministry of Transport of Tajikistan. The World Bank’s total contribution of US$45 million equivalent consists of US$38.25 million provided as a highly concessional credit, and US$6.75 million as a grant. The Government of Tajikistan provided co-financing in the amount of US$9 million. It is estimated that the project will directly benefit about 2.6 million residents of Sughd Oblast who are expected to be regular road users travelling along the road sections.The World Bank Group’s active portfolio in Tajikistan includes 12 projects totaling US$185.1 million that aim to support economic growth through private sector development, while investing in better public services for people, such as education, health, municipal services and social protection. Since 1996, the World Bank has provided US$978 million in grants and highly concessional credits from the International Development Association and trust fund resources to Tajikistan.The World Bank Group is committed to continue supporting Tajikistan as it strives to improve the lives of its people and meet the aspirations of its young and growing population. Show Less -
The GPSA awards grants ranging from $500,000 to $1 million for three- to five-year periods to CSOs based in countries that have agreed to participate in the GPSA. To date, 40 countries have opted-in. ... Show More +Before issuing calls for proposals, the GPSA organizes consultations with government, civil society, and other donor agencies to define the key governance issues in each country that CSO proposals should address.GPSA Program Manager Roby Senderowitsch said, “Our program works to ‘close the loop’ by empowering citizens with a voice, helping governments to listen, and supporting public institutions to respond to citizen feedback.”After two calls for proposals in 2013 and 2014, the GPSA has awarded over $16 million in grants to 23 CSOs for projects in 17 developing countries, with another 57 organizations involved directly as project partners and more than 125 local – often grassroots – organizations benefiting from the grants as mentees. Special emphasis is placed on issues that directly affect the extreme poor and marginalized populations.From improving health service delivery in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to boosting access to education in Mongolia, to supporting social engagement for budget accountability in Bangladesh, to improving procurement practices in education, health, and agriculture in Uganda, the GPSA’s projects seek to build on the prior achievements of the CSOs while applying social accountability approaches that incorporate citizen feedback and participatory methodologies.The GPSA also launched a knowledge platform in 2014 to provide grantees, partners, and other interested parties in the field a space to connect, collaborate, exchange, and learn about the latest social accountability debates and practice.The GPSA is funded by a multi-donor trust fund, with a World Bank Group commitment of $20 million. The Ford Foundation has contributed $3 million, the Aga Khan Foundation has contributed $500,000, and the Open Society Foundation contributes $3 million in parallel funding. Recently, the Dominican Republic also joined the group of donors of the GPSA. Show Less -
A number of ways to strengthen governance and quality assurance mechanisms at the system level, as well as institutional levels, have been identified. One such recommendation is to revise and streamli... Show More +ne the national quality assurance framework and tools in accordance with European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance.Another proposal is to allow more flexibility for Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) to involve employers and other stakeholders in developing programs that can ensure courses, programs and degrees meet acceptable academic and professional standards – and better respond to labor market demands.In terms of financing, the government is encouraged to increase public funding for higher education, especially for quality enhancement activities, provision of needs-based financial support for disadvantaged students, and research funding for HEIs.If tax incentives are created for HEIs, the Institutions can increase and diversify their revenues and encourage the private sector to invest in the sector. Increased private sector participation is likely to enhance competition and diversity, and also reduce burden on public funding for further expansion and quality improvement of the sector.Greater equity and access to higher education could be achieved through the creation of financial support mechanisms that target under-represented students. Also, the needs of disadvantaged students, working adults, and women could be better served by enhancing the quality of distance learning education.Information and communication technologies (ICT) can play an increasingly important role in higher education in Tajikistan. Recently, four piloted ICT-based solutions in the country demonstrated that there is potential to use ICT more effectively to improve access, quality and relevance of higher education, including through online and distance learning.Public-private partnerships can also play their part by helping to overcome challenges such as a lack of online content, weak capacity of ICT experts, and ineffective ICT investment.Read the full report Show Less -
Dushanbe, February 5, 2015 – World Bank Regional Director for Central Asia, Mr. Saroj Kumar Jha, visited Tajikistan on February 3-5, 2015. Mr. Jha met with the President of Tajikistan Emomali Ra... Show More +hmon and key ministries and entities of the Government of Tajikistan to discuss the World Bank’s current and planned projects, which all focus on supporting higher living standards for the people of Tajikistan.“Due to changing external environment, Tajikistan’s economic growth is slowing and vulnerability to shocks is increasing,” said World Bank Regional Director for Central Asia, Mr. Saroj Kumar Jha. “With our counterparts in the government we discussed how the World Bank Group can support Tajikistan in protecting the poorest households, while improving macroeconomic management, creating better conditions for business and strengthening public and financial sectors.”Real GDP growth in Tajikistan had moderated to 6.7 percent in 2014 and a deep recession in Russia will significantly undermine growth and poverty-reduction prospects in Tajikistan in 2015. According to the World Bank’s latest Global Economic Prospects report, sharp or sustained declines in commodity prices or remittance inflows from Russia—the major source of remittances to the region - represent major risks for the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and Tajikistan is particularly vulnerable to these shocks. The World Bank projects the economic growth in Tajikistan to slow down to 4.2 percent in 2015, with significant downside risks.With partners in the government, development community and civil society organizations, Mr. Jha discussed possible ways in which current and planned projects could help alleviate the potential impact of the economic slowdown on the people of Tajikistan. Additional financing of US$12 million for the ongoing World Bank-financed Second Tajikistan Public Employment for Sustainable Agriculture and Water Resources Management Project (PAMP-II) will allow creating additional 12,000 new temporary jobs, whilst also rehabilitating important drainage and irrigation infrastructure. The new Tajikistan Agriculture Commercialization Project will provide support to farmers in the form of loans and grants to increase productivity and access to domestic and export markets. A grant of US$13.5 million for the Communal Services Development Project will combine financial resources from a number of development partners to increase investments in municipal services, such as clean drinking water, on-site sanitation, solid waste management, street lighting and roads. Additional financing of US$10 million to the ongoing Health Services Improvement Project will help improve maternal and child health outcomes by scaling up the results-based financing scheme. The new US$15 million Higher Education Project aims to strengthen the higher education system and enhance relevance of academic programs to better reflect labor market demands. A Winter Energy operation is also being planned. Furthermore, the Government of Tajikistan and the World Bank are discussing a possible new Development Policy Financing series to support the reform program aimed at strengthening Tajikistan’s resilience to shocks and creating a foundation for inclusive growth and jobs creation.“By prioritizing projects that focus on job creation, rural development and social sectors we hope to mitigate the impacts of the economic slowdown in the region on the population of Tajikistan,” said Patricia Veevers-Carter, World Bank Country Manager for Tajikistan. “At the same time our investments in education, health and municipal infrastructure as well as energy focus on creating better living conditions for families in urban and rural regions.”The World Bank Group’s active portfolio includes 12 projects totaling US$185.1 million that aim to support economic growth through private sector development, while investing in better public services for people, such as education, health, municipal services and social protection. Since 1996, the World Bank has provided US$978 million in grants and highly concessional credits from the International Development Association and trust fund resources to Tajikistan. The World Bank Group is committed to continue supporting Tajikistan as it strives to improve the lives of its people and meet the aspirations of its young and growing population. Show Less -
Skills and EmployabilityAs in many other parts of the world, there is an increasing demand for “new economy” skills in Tajikistan. New economy skills are strong analytical and organizational skills, i... Show More +ncluding non-routine cognitive analytical and interpersonal skills. Although there are competing explanations for this trend – including technology advances and globalization – it is clear that Tajikistan is at the early stages of modernizing its economy and experiencing a growing demand for new economy skills.The report presents robust evidence that cognitive and non-cognitive skills are important factors for employability in Tajikistan. Individuals with better skills are not only more likely to be employed – they also typically have more desirable jobs in the formal sector, with labor law protection and access to certain benefits.The Skills RoadmapThe report argues that there are weaknesses in the way skills are formed in Tajikistan. Crucially, large variations in observed skills among people with the same level of educational attainment indicate that formal education is failing too many people. While skills are developed during different stages in the life cycle and a host of actors are involved—families, for example, play a central role—the education and training system has a mixed record in skill formation. The report’s conclusion is that the government could shift the focus from providing access to educational institutions and instead focus on providing the skills (cognitive, non-cognitive, and technical) to students who need to succeed as adults.The government can also do more to get children off to the right start by investing in early childhood development programs, where rates of return to investment are generally very high and important soft skills are learned.Finally, more can be done to match worker skills with employer demand by improving the use of information in matching skills to jobs in the labor market.Download the full report (PDF, 7 MB) Show Less -